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Latest publications

  • Article
    27 Feabhra 1997

    In January 1997, the European Commission adopted a report on the Promotion of
    Participation by Employed Persons in Profits and Enterprise Results,
    including equity participation (PEPPER II). The report suggests that
    profit-sharing schemes lead to higher productivity, whatever method, model
    specification and data are used. The macroeconomic situation was found to
    have little effect on government or social partner support for such schemes,
    but recent debates relating to enhancing productivity and wage flexibility
    are stimulating discussions on proposals. However, in most member states,
    trade unions can be expected to oppose the use of financial participation
    schemes to promote wage flexibility.

  • Article
    27 Feabhra 1997

    As the 1 May election date draws nearer, both the Conservative Government and
    the main opposition party, Labour, have begun to fight their campaigns by
    taking opposite stances on the social policy Agreement annexed to the
    Maastricht Treaty on European Union - the so-called "social chapter", from
    which the UK has "opted out". In February, the Government launched an attack,
    stating that if the Labour Party were to win the general election, its
    commitment to "signing up" to the social chapter would cost the UK 500,000
    jobs.

  • Article
    27 Feabhra 1997

    Employers and unions want to reduce the amount of temporary recruitment and
    the number of types of employment contract. They also want to increase their
    freedom to negotiate labour market issues through collective bargaining.
    These are the key issues in the current debate over a new round of labour
    market reforms in Spain.

  • Article
    27 Feabhra 1997

    A recent decree-law issued by the Government has increased the national
    minimum wage from 1 January 1997. The monthly rates have risen by up to 5%.
    We review Portugal's minimum wage system and the reactions to, and
    implications of, the 1997 increase.

  • Article
    27 Feabhra 1997

    Recently-announced plans by banks to levy service charges on the accounts
    into which employees' salaries and wages are paid, have resulted in trade
    union protests and the dropping of the proposals.

  • Article
    27 Feabhra 1997

    In the Works Constitution [1] Act (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz) of 1972, works
    councils [2] in Germany are given extensive rights of information,
    consultation and co-determination [3]. The employer has to provide the works
    council with both timely and comprehensive information on all matters related
    to the discharge of its functions. In establishments with over 20 employees,
    information must be given "in full and in good time" on reductions in
    operations and the introduction of new working methods. Consultation rights
    cover planned structural alterations to the plant and prospective changes in
    equipment and working methods that affect job requirements, all decisions
    relating to manpower planning, and individual dismissals.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-constitution-0
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-council-2
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/co-determination-2

  • Article
    27 Feabhra 1997

    At its plenary session of 13-17 January 1997, the European Parliament debated
    two important measures relating to employee consultation in European
    companies. After the European Works Councils (EWCs) Directive was passed in
    1994, the Commission published a Communication on the future of employee
    consultation in November 1995, in order to revive a legislative issue which
    has been under discussion in various forms for over 15 years. Its aim was to
    explore whether the model used for determining the structure and operation of
    EWCs could be used in a wider context as a basis for making progress with the
    long-delayed European Company Statute.

  • Article
    27 Feabhra 1997

    According to the UGT trade union confederation, during the 1996 collective
    bargaining round pay increases were generally settled in line with the Social
    Concertation Agreement for that year.

  • Article
    27 Feabhra 1997

    Unskilled young people aged between 20 and 24 must undertake training or work
    experience programmes in order to maintain their right to receive
    unemployment benefit, according to a recent amendment to the Act on Labour
    Market Support.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications

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