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  • Article
    27 Aibreán 1997

    Under a novel provision in the Finance Bill, 1997 which gives effect to this
    year's Budget, employees are now entitled to tax relief on individual
    lump-sum payments paid in the context of company restructuring. The payments
    can be made by companies to their employees for agreeing to pay
    restructuring, which must involve overall pay reductions of at last 10% of an
    employee's average salary for the previous two years and must remain in force
    for at least five years. While it is possible that basic pay could be hit by
    the measure, the sort of payroll reductions envisaged are more likely to
    effect non-basic pay items such as overtime, bonus payments and shift

  • Article
    27 Aibreán 1997

    In the Netherlands, there has been a long struggle over how responsibilities
    for administering social security should be divided between social partners
    and the government. The Dutch social security administration has been
    reorganised - most recently from March 1997 - under pressure of criticism
    about organisations in which the social partners play a dominant role.
    Financing the social security system has become a structural problem in the
    relations between the Government and the social partners. This has become
    especially manifest in conflicts concerning the level at which social
    security contributions should be set.

  • Article
    27 Aibreán 1997

    An Intergovernmental Conference is the method used by the Member States of
    the European Union (EU) to agree on basic changes to the Treaties which
    govern the workings of the Union. Changes to the Treaties are not carried out
    within the framework of the EU itself, but by direct negotiations between the
    governments of the Member States within the context of the IGC. The current
    IGC is the sixth in the history of European integration.

  • Article
    27 Aibreán 1997

    In France, regulation of the working week is based on a piece of legislation
    passed in 1936, which laid down a work schedule spread over five days.
    Decrees on the application of this law made special provision, in each
    sector, for the way in which these hours would be organised. The one
    concerning banking dates from 1937.

  • Article
    27 Aibreán 1997

    According to the report /Reported industrial injuries in the building and
    construction sector, 1993-1995/, from the Labour Inspectorate, the sector
    experienced a 22% increase in industrial accidents over the course of
    1993-1995. The general increase in industrial accidents in the period was
    11%. Whereas approximately 5% of the workforce are employed in the building
    and construction sector, this sector reported 8% of all industrial accidents.
    Every month one fatal and 50 serious accidents occur in the sector, and 84
    fatal accidents took place at all Danish workplaces in 1995. The increased
    number of accidents in the building and construction sector, according to the
    Labour Inspectorate, can largely be explained by the sector's 9% job-growth
    and the improved reporting of industrial accidents.

  • Article
    27 Aibreán 1997

    The Belgian Defence Minister, Jean-Pol Poncelet, has announced measures that
    will prompt far-reaching changes in the personnel structure of the Belgian
    armed forces, covering the army, navy and airforce. The policy directly or
    indirectly affects about 40,000 military personnel. Mr Poncelet's plans are
    innovative and rather unusual for the armed forces, which are not normally
    known for their swift changes in organisational structure and personnel
    management. The Minister feels, however, that the armed forces should not be
    exempt from moves towards greater flexibility, currently a prominent theme in
    labour negotiations in Belgium. Moreover, changes in the armed forces can
    serve as an example for other sectors of the Belgian economy.

  • Article
    27 Aibreán 1997

    Taking into account significant changes in the international environment and
    their impact on the Greek economy, the Government in March 1997 announced
    that it would invite the social partners to a process of social dialogue on a
    set of three themes: development, competitiveness and employment. The first
    meeting is scheduled to take place towards the end of May. Participants in
    the dialogue include representatives of Ministries, employer and employee
    organisations from both the private and the public sectors and the Chambers
    of Commerce, amongst others.

  • Article
    27 Aibreán 1997

    The /Seymour-Smith/ case has raised the issue of the legality of the two-year
    qualifying period of employment before employees may bring a claim for unfair
    dismissal. The /Observer/ in April reported that many employees are having
    their employment contracts terminated only days before completing the
    two-year period which is necessary to gain employment protection. At present,
    full-time employees must have accumulated two years' continuous service,
    while for employees who work between eight and 16 hours per week, the
    qualifying period is five years.

  • Article
    27 Aibreán 1997

    Ireland's largest trade union, the Services Industrial Professional and
    Technical Union (SIPTU), has a new president after a closer than expected
    ballot of its 180,000 members. The tight result - announced in early April
    1997 - surprised the union's leadership, given the fact that a left-wing
    activist polled almost 42% of the votes cast compared with the 56% who voted
    for former vice-president, Jimmy Somers.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications