Publications

Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 Bealtaine 1997

    On 7 May, the Dutch Government withdrew a bill that would have allowed
    employers exemptions from paying the statutory national minimum wage [1]
    (NL9702103F [2]). Discussions in Parliament had arrived at a political
    impasse.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/minimum-wage-4
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/proposal-to-exempt-long-term-unemployed-people-from-legal-minimum-wage

  • Article
    27 Bealtaine 1997

    In Greece, temporary work, especially in the form of fixed-term contracts,
    constitutes a policy widespread amongst enterprises in both private and
    public sectors. Although the phenomenon of temporary work has decreased
    considerably in comparison with the early 1990s, when its incidence was twice
    that of the EU average (18% and 9% respectively), it is still quite high
    (10.5% and 11% respectively). A factor contributing to this decrease was the
    decision of the Government in the course of 1990 to dismiss 50,000 temporary
    public employees as part of its attempt to rationalise the functioning of the
    public sector.

  • Article
    27 Bealtaine 1997

    The high number of industrial injuries, recently reported by the Labour
    Inspectorate, have fuelled the debate on the new Work Environment Act, which
    is a part of the Government's action plan /Improved work environment year
    2005/. According to the report on /Reported industrial injuries in the
    building and construction sector, 1993-1995/, the sector experienced a 22%
    increase in industrial injuries over the period in question (DK9704107F [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/danish-building-and-construction-sites-are-hazardous-workplaces

  • Article
    27 Bealtaine 1997

    The recession affecting Portuguese companies from 1991 to 1994 showed that
    the difficulties faced by the country stemmed not just from economic
    circumstances. Rather, the roots were far more complex and called for
    structural changes to competitive factors involving the very fabric of
    business and a general remodelling of managerial capacity, vocational
    qualifications and financial structure.

  • Article
    27 Bealtaine 1997

    Following the settlement of the public service nurses pay dispute (IE9702104N
    [1]), health workers, prisons officers, police and other public service
    groups have been seeking follow-on increases based on parity claims - all of
    which relate to the settlement secured by Ireland's 25,000 nurses.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/national-nurses-strike-averted-as-pay-offer-is-accepted

  • Article
    27 Bealtaine 1997

    The Confederation of British Industry (CBI) announced in April 1997 that
    "absenteeism" - the non-attendance of workers who are expected to be at work
    - had cost UK business GBP 12 billion in 1996; an average of GBP 533 for
    every employee. Just prior to the CBI announcement, the Manufacturing,
    Science, Finance (MSF) trade union had announced the results of a survey
    which highlighted the lack of a "feel-good" factor among employees due to
    increasing job insecurity ("Union survey suggest little 'feel good effect' in
    reality", MSF press release (8 April 1997)). These kinds of surveys have
    elements in common, yet few acknowledge or even see what the linkages are.

  • Article
    27 Bealtaine 1997

    In the retail and distributive sector, each type of shop - conventional
    department stores, retail shops, food supermarkets with at least two branches
    and independent retail shops - is covered by its own joint committee [1] and,
    depending on its type, its employees work 36, 38 or 40 hours a week, have pay
    differentials of between 20%- 25% and the right to be represented by a union
    delegation [2] or not.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/joint-committee
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/union-delegation

  • Article
    27 Bealtaine 1997

    On 22 April 1997 the European Court of Justice (ECJ) issued a judgment
    stating that some provisions of the German Civil Law (Bürgerliches
    Gesetzbuch,BGB) as well as the German Labour Court Law
    (Arbeitsgerichtsgesetz, ArbGG) offend against the "Council Directive on the
    implementation of the principle of equal treatment for men and women as
    regards access to employment, vocational training and promotion and working
    conditions" (76/207/EEC). The Directive which was adopted by the Council of
    Ministers on 9 February 1976 proclaimed that the Member States shall put into
    effect the "principle of equal treatment" (§ 1) which means "that there
    shall be no discrimination whatsoever on grounds of sex either directly or
    indirectly" (§ 2).

  • Article
    27 Bealtaine 1997

    In anticipation of the spring 1997 collective bargaining round, pilots at
    Royal Dutch Airlines (KLM) are considering contributing to the company's
    cost-cutting programme by exchanging salaries for share options and an
    increased say in company policy. Unions are divided over this exchange.

  • Article
    27 Aibreán 1997

    Shortages of jobs, alternating periods of employment and unemployment and
    lack of job security are the main features of the current employment
    situation for young people in Spain. For some of them this is a temporary
    situation, but others will find it hard to escape. However, the reform of
    labour market procedures that is currently being put before Parliament may go
    some way towards improving working conditions.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications