The uneven impact of the 2008–2013 economic crisis on Member States brought upward convergence to the fore in EU political debates. The focus was on orienting social policy towards getting the EU back on track, as encapsulated in the European Pillar of Social Rights. However, the meaning of the cRead more
The uneven impact of the 2008–2013 economic crisis on Member States brought upward convergence to the fore in EU political debates. The focus was on orienting social policy towards getting the EU back on track, as encapsulated in the European Pillar of Social Rights. However, the meaning of the concept was unclear. Eurofound filled this gap, defining upward convergence as an improvement in performance alongside a reduction in disparities among Member States in a given socioeconomic indicator. Taking this definition as a starting point, this report illustrates the different ways that upward convergence is typically measured. It also summarises convergence patterns in six important socioeconomic indicators over a decade, from the start of the economic crisis to the height of the recovery. The analysis finds that upward convergence patterns are unstable and that Member States need to strengthen their resilience in the economic and social policy domains to achieve sustainable upward convergence.
Eurofound (2020), Upward convergence in the EU: Definition, measurement and trends, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.
Tables and graphs
The following list of graphs can be found in the report.
Figure 1: Downward divergence in income inequality, 2008–2018, EU27
Figure 2: Upward convergence in the employment rate, 2008–2018, EU27
Figure 3: Downward divergence in the unemployment rate, 2008–2018, EU27
Figure 4: Upward convergence in AROPE, 2008–2017, EU27
Istraživanja provedena prije datuma povlačenja Ujedinjene Kraljevine iz Europske unije, odnosno prije 31. siječnja 2020., i naknadno objavljena mogu sadržavati podatke koji se odnose na 28 država članica EU-a. Nakon tog datuma istraživanja obuhvaćaju samo 27 država članica EU-a (tj. EU28 bez UK-a) ako nije drugačije navedeno.
Istraživanje čiji su rezultati predstavljeni u ovom izvješću provedeno je prije nego što je u Europi u veljači 2020. izbila epidemija bolesti COVID-19. Zbog toga u tim rezultatima nije uzeta u obzir situacija tijekom epidemije.
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