New forms of employment

Report
Osvježeno
21 listopada 2015
Objavljeno
12 ožujka 2015
pdf
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Executive summary in 22 languages
Preuzimanje

Sažetak

Across Europe, new forms of employment are emerging that are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. Some transform the relationship between employer and employee, some change work organisation and work patterns, and some do both. This report identifiesRead more

Across Europe, new forms of employment are emerging that are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. Some transform the relationship between employer and employee, some change work organisation and work patterns, and some do both. This report identifies nine forms of employment that are new or have become increasingly important in Europe since the year 2000. While there is wide diversity in terms of their characteristics and employment relationship, all the forms aim to increase flexibility for employers and/or employees. Although some have the potential to benefit employers and employees equally, in a few cases concerns have been raised about their impact on working conditions and the labour market. The report concludes with recommendations about the need to raise awareness of the potential problems and establish safety nets for workers. 

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  • Izvješće

    Broj stranica: 
    168
    Referentni broj: 
    EF1461
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-1594-2
    Kataložni broj: 
    TJ-02-17-722-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/937385
    Catalogue info

    New forms of employment

    Across Europe, new forms of employment are emerging that are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. Some transform the relationship between employer and employee, some change work organisation and work patterns, and some do both. This report identifies nine forms of employment that are new or have become increasingly important in Europe since the year 2000.

    Oblici

  • Executive summary

    Number of pages: 
    2
    Referentni broj: 
    EF14611
    Catalogue info

    Novi oblici rada

    Autor(i): 
    Eurofound

    Diljem Europe pojavljuju se novi oblici rada koji se od tradicionalnog standardnog ili nestandardnog zapošljavanja razlikuju na niz načina. Neki preobražavaju odnose između poslodavca i radnika, neki mijenjaju radnu organizaciju i uzorke rada, a neki utječu na oboje. U ovom projektu utvrđeno je devet oblika rada koji su novi ili od sve veće važnosti u Europi od oko 2000. godine. Iako se razlikuju, svi povećavaju fleksibilnost za poslodavce ili radnike, ili oboje. Nekoliko novih oblika rada imaju potencijal podjednako koristiti i poslodavcu i radnicima, dok ih nekoliko izaziva zabrinutost glede njihova učinka na radne uvjete i tržište rada. U ovom izvješću navode se preporuke politika o podizanju svijesti glede potencijalnih problema i o utvrđivanju sigurnosnih mreža za radnike.

    Dostupno za preuzimanje na 22 jezika

    Preuzimanje
  • Working papers

    Related working papers

    • AGZ Südbrandenburg
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      Autor(i)
      Number of pages
      13
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15001
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      Autor(i)
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      WPEF15002
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      Autor(i)
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      Ramioul, Monique; Naedenoen, Frédéric
      Number of pages
      19
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    • Personal Connect and Manpower
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      21 listopada 2015
      Number of pages
      7
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15005
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      Number of pages
      6
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      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Vesala, Hanne
      Number of pages
      12
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    • AdPartners
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      21 listopada 2015
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      Flipo, Aurore
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      8
      Referentni broj
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      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Lang, Carole
      Number of pages
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      Referentni broj
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    • Groupement d’employeurs Île de Noirmoutier–Île d’Yeu
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      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Lang, Carole
      Number of pages
      10
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15011
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      Case study
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      Number of pages
      9
      Referentni broj
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      21 listopada 2015
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      Number of pages
      26
      Referentni broj
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      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
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      Number of pages
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      Referentni broj
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      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Gábor, Kártyás; Pázmány, Péter
      Number of pages
      20
      Referentni broj
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    • Lingjob
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Caicedo, Elma; Gineikytė, Vaida
      Number of pages
      10
      Referentni broj
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    • Textilcord and SolarWood
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Flipo, Aurore; Turlan, Frédéric
      Number of pages
      7
      Referentni broj
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      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Flipo, Aurore
      Number of pages
      11
      Referentni broj
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      Case study
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      Number of pages
      7
      Referentni broj
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      Number of pages
      7
      Referentni broj
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      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Westhäußer, Katharina
      Number of pages
      14
      Referentni broj
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      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Nielsen, Helle Ourø; Høgenhaven Larsen, Sanna
      Number of pages
      7
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15022
    • Adtriboo.com
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Number of pages
      12
      Referentni broj
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      Case study
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      Autor(i)
      Romele, Linda
      Number of pages
      10
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15024
    • Idea Hunting
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Perista, Heloísa; Carrilho, Paula
      Number of pages
      9
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15025
    • Amazon Mechanical Turk
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Bergvall-Kareborn, Birgitta; Howcroft, Debra
      Number of pages
      12
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15026
    • Taskhub
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Bergvall-Kareborn, Birgitta; Howcroft, Debra
      Number of pages
      11
      Referentni broj
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      Case study
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      Autor(i)
      Nielsen, Helle Ourø; Høgenhaven Larsen, Sanna
      Number of pages
      8
      Referentni broj
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      Autor(i)
      Vesala, Hanne
      Number of pages
      10
      Referentni broj
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      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
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      Number of pages
      8
      Referentni broj
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      Case study
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      Number of pages
      7
      Referentni broj
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    • YoungCapital
      Case study
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      Autor(i)
      Rossen, Lieselotte; Warmerdam, John; Vermeulen, Hedwig
      Number of pages
      10
      Referentni broj
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    • Hewlett-Packard Norway
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Rosenvinge Ervik, Marthe
      Number of pages
      9
      Referentni broj
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    • Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Ljubljana
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Number of pages
      9
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15034
    • Engbergs Transportsystem
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Number of pages
      6
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15035
    • Office of Town District Prague 9
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Number of pages
      8
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15036
    • University Medical Centre Ljubljana
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Number of pages
      8
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15038
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Number of pages
      7
      Referentni broj
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    • Hospital Piešťany
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Kahancová, Marta; Sedláková, Mária
      Number of pages
      9
      Referentni broj
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    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Kahancová, Marta; Sedláková, Mária
      Number of pages
      13
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15041
    • Landelijk Dienstencoöperatief
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Ramioul, Monique; Van Peteghem, Jan
      Number of pages
      12
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15042
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Van Peteghem, Jan; Ramioul, Monique
      Number of pages
      15
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15043
    • Gorizia municipality
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Rustico, Lisa
      Number of pages
      10
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15044
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Rustico, Lisa
      Number of pages
      11
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15045
    • Slivers of Time
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Grimshaw, Damian; Cartwright, Jo
      Number of pages
      14
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15046
    • Local government contracting of social care
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Rubery, Jill; Johnson, Mathew
      Number of pages
      17
      Referentni broj
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    • Werkheim
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Number of pages
      11
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15049
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Number of pages
      12
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15050
    • Utopic_US
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Number of pages
      13
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15051
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Number of pages
      11
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15052
    • West SA
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Kyriakidou, Olivia
      Number of pages
      10
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15053
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Kyriakidou, Olivia
      Number of pages
      13
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15054
    • Plant nursery
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Caicedo, Elma; Melkūnaitė, Laura
      Number of pages
      10
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15055
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Caicedo, Elma; Gineikytė, Vaida
      Number of pages
      10
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15056
    • Plastic packaging company
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Gábor, Kártyás; Pázmány, Péter
      Number of pages
      9
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15057
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Gábor, Kártyás; Pázmány, Péter
      Number of pages
      15
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15058
    • Clock Advertising
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Presada, Florina
      Number of pages
      9
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15059
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Presada, Florina
      Number of pages
      12
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15060
    • Company Case Study Ireland
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      O’Brien, Nolan
      Number of pages
      7
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15061
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      O’Brien, Nolan
      Number of pages
      8
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15062
    • Anonymous care organisations
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Rossen, Lieselotte; Warmerdam, John; Vermeulen, Hedwig
      Number of pages
      10
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15063
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Rossen, Lieselotte; Warmerdam, John; Vermeulen, Hedwig
      Number of pages
      15
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15064
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Number of pages
      20
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15065
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Number of pages
      12
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15066
    • Exploring the transferability of the employment form
      Case study
      21 listopada 2015
      Autor(i)
      Number of pages
      11
      Referentni broj
      WPEF15067
  • Case studies

    The ‘New forms of employment’ report is based on 67 individual case studies from across Europe that represent a variety of employment forms. The cases studies either deal with a specific employer-worker relationship or comprise a policy analysis (legislation or collective agreement, public support instrument). The list below details the case studies. For the report on strategic employee sharing, the case studies on the policy analysis in Germany, Belgium, France, Hungary and Austria for this employment form have been updated, and an additional case study on Ireland has been conducted.

    No. Employment form Country Type of case study
    1 Employee sharing Germany AGZ Südbrandenburg
    2 Employee sharing Germany Policy analysis
    3 Employee sharing Belgium JobArdent
    4 Employee sharing Belgium Policy analysis
    5 Interim management Czech Republic Personal Connect and Manpower
    6 Interim management Czech Republic Human Garden and Nemos Sokolov
    7 Employee sharing Czech Republic Policy analysis
    8 Employee sharing Finland Andelslag
    9 Collaborative employment France AdPartners
    10 Collaborative employment France Policy analysis
    11 Employee sharing France Île de Noirmoutier - Île d'Yeu
    12 Employee sharing France Fédération Isocel
    13 Employee sharing France Policy analysis
    14 Employee sharing Hungary Two IT firms
    15 Employee sharing Hungary Policy analysis
    16 Platform work Lithuania LingJob
    17 Employee sharing Luxembourg Textilcord and SolarWood
    18 Employee sharing Luxembourg ArcelorMittal
    19 Employee sharing Luxembourg Policy analysis
    20 Platform work Czech Republic Topdesigner.cz
    21 Platform work Germany Clickworker
    22 Platform work Denmark Boblr
    23 Platform work Spain Adtriboo
    24 Platform work Latvia Academy of Ideas
    25 Platform work Portugal Idea Hunting
    26 Platform work United Kingdom Amazon Mechanical Turk
    27 Platform work United Kingdom Taskhub
    28 ICT-based mobile work Denmark Grontmij
    29 ICT-based mobile work Finland Suomen Pienyrittäjäin Mainostoimisto
    30 ICT-based mobile work Greece Microsoft Hellas
    31 ICT-based mobile work Latvia Belam-Riga
    32 ICT-based mobile work The Netherlands YoungCapital
    33 ICT-based mobile work Norway Hewlett-Packard Norway
    34 ICT-based mobile work Slovenia Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Ljubljana
    35 ICT-based mobile work Sweden Engbergs Transportsystem
    36 Job sharing Czech Republic Town District Prague 9
    37 Job sharing Poland Krakow Regional Labour Office
    38 Job sharing Slovenia University Medical Centre Ljubljana
    39 Job sharing Slovenia Policy analysis
    40 Casual work Slovakia Piešťany Hospital
    41 Job sharing, casual work Slovakia Policy analysis
    42 Voucher-based work Belgium Landelijk Dienstencoöperatief
    43 Voucher-based work Belgium Policy analysis
    44 Voucher-based work Italy Municipality of Gorizia
    45 Voucher-based work Italy Policy analysis
    46 Casual work United Kingdom Slivers of Time
    47 Casual work United Kingdom Local government contracting of social care
    48 Casual work United Kingdom Policy analysis
    49 Collaborative employment Germany Werkheim Hamburg
    50 Collaborative employment Germany Policy analysis
    51 Collaborative employment Spain Utopic_US
    52 Collaborative employment Spain Policy analysis
    53 Voucher-based work Greece West SA
    54 Voucher-based work Greece Policy analysis
    55 Voucher-based work Lithuania Plant nursery
    56 Voucher-based work Lithuania Policy analysis
    57 Casual work Hungary Plastic packaging company
    58 Casual work Hungary Policy analysis
    59 Casual work Romania Clock Advertising
    60 Casual work Romania Policy analysis
    61 Casual work Ireland Company case study
    62 Casual work Ireland Policy analysis
    63 Casual work The Netherlands Childcare company
    64 Casual work The Netherlands Policy analysis
    65 Employee sharing Austria Policy analysis
    66 Voucher-based work Austria Policy analysis
    67 Employee sharing Ireland Exploring the transferability of the employment form

Case studies published alongside this report have not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.

Part of the series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

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