COVID-19

Život, posao i COVID-19 (ažuriranje iz travnja 2021.): pogoršanje mentalnog zdravlja i pad povjerenja u EU-u s ulaskom u drugu godinu pandemije

Report
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10 svibnja 2021
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  • Mentalna dobrobit svih dobnih skupina pala je na najnižu razinu od početka pandemije prije više od jedne godine. Taj je pad posebno izražen među mladima i osobama koje su izgubile posao. 
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  • Mentalna dobrobit svih dobnih skupina pala je na najnižu razinu od početka pandemije prije više od jedne godine. Taj je pad posebno izražen među mladima i osobama koje su izgubile posao. 
  • Zbog nerazmjernog učinka pandemije na ranjive skupine postojeće se nejednakosti povećavaju. Nalazi pokazuju da su s otežanim preživljavanjem posebno suočene osobe koje se već nalaze u nesigurnoj situaciji.
  • Zadovoljstvo građana mjerama potpore u pogledu krize drastično se smanjilo te sada samo 12 % građana smatra da su mjere potpore pravedne, što je smanjenje u odnosu na ljeto 2020. kada je taj postotak iznosio 22 %. Udio osoba koje smatraju da je lako dobiti potporu i da je postupak pružanja potpore učinkovit isto je tako pao sa 16 % u ljeto 2020. na 10 % u proljeće 2021. Gotovo svakom desetom ispitaniku odbijen je zahtjev za financijsku potporu.
  • Zabilježen je nagli pad povjerenja u institucije, posebno povjerenja u nacionalne vlade, konkretno s 4,6 u ljeto 2020. na 3,9 u proljeće 2021. Razina povjerenja u nacionalne vlade u svim državama članicama pala je ispod onih zabilježenih na početku pandemije. Zabilježen je i pad povjerenja u EU, koje je unatoč tome i dalje veće od povjerenja u nacionalne vlade. 
  • Više od četvrtine ljudi koji žive u Europi navodi da oklijeva s cijepljenjem cjepivom protiv bolesti COVID-19, pri čemu je taj broj veći kod muškaraca (29 %) nego kod žena (25 %). Oklijevanje s cijepljenjem blisko je povezano i s niskim razinama povjerenja i upotrebom društvenih mreža, a zemlje koje bilježe niske razine povjerenja u vladu bilježe i više razine oklijevanja s cijepljenjem.
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Sažetak

Treći krug Eurofoundove internetske ankete, proveden u veljači i ožujku 2021., pruža jasniju sliku o društvenoj i gospodarskoj situaciji ljudi iz cijele Europe nakon gotovo pune godine od uvođenja ograničenja povezanih s pandemijom bolesti COVID-19. U ovom se izvješću analiziraju glavni nalazi i Read more

Treći krug Eurofoundove internetske ankete, proveden u veljači i ožujku 2021., pruža jasniju sliku o društvenoj i gospodarskoj situaciji ljudi iz cijele Europe nakon gotovo pune godine od uvođenja ograničenja povezanih s pandemijom bolesti COVID-19. U ovom se izvješću analiziraju glavni nalazi i prati razvoj aktualnih događaja i trendova u 27 država članica EU-a od pokretanja ankete u travnju 2020. Utvrđuju se i problemi koji su se pojavili tijekom pandemije, na primjer, povećana nesigurnost radnih mjesta zbog prijetnje gubitka radnih mjesta, niže razine mentalne dobrobiti, narušavanje nedavno ostvarenog napretka u postizanju rodne ravnopravnosti, pad povjerenja u institucije, narušavanje ravnoteže između poslovnog i privatnog života i povećanje oklijevanja s cijepljenjem. Rezultati ankete upućuju na potrebu za sveobuhvatnim pristupom kojim bi se pružila potpora svim skupinama na koje je kriza snažno utjecala kako se njihova situacija ne bi dodatno pogoršala. 

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  • Izvješće

    Broj stranica: 
    21
    Referentni broj: 
    EF21064
    Catalogue info

    Život, posao i COVID-19 (ažuriranje iz travnja 2021.): pogoršanje mentalnog zdravlja i pad povjerenja u EU-u s ulaskom u drugu godinu pandemije

    The third round of Eurofound's e-survey, fielded in February and March 2021, sheds light on the social and economic situation of people across Europe following nearly a full year of living with COVID-19 restrictions. This report analyses the main findings and tracks ongoing developments and trends across the 27 EU Member States since the survey was first launched in April 2020. It pinpoints issues that have surfaced over the course of the pandemic, such as increased job insecurity due to the threat of job loss, decline in mental well-being levels, erosion of recent gains in gender equality, fall in trust levels vis-à-vis institutions, deterioration of work–life balance and growth of vaccine hesitancy

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    Upućivanje na ovu publikaciju: 

    Eurofound (2021), Living, working and COVID-19 (Update April 2021): Mental health and trust decline across EU as pandemic enters another year, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

  • Data

    Explore the dataset for each round of the survey.

    The data cover a range of topics under seven main headings: quality of life, democracy and trust, work and teleworking, the financial situation and security of respondents, the quality of public services, the employment support measures put in place, as well as the willingness of Europeans to be vaccinated during COVID-19.


    The report contains the following lists of tables and figures. The corresponding data for the tables and figures is available as an Excel download (328KB .xlsx).

    List of tables

    Table 1: Location of work and average hours worked during the pandemic, EU27 (%)

    Table 2: Proportion of parents declaring they are too tired after work to do household jobs, EU27 (%)

    Table 3: Proportion of respondents reporting having negative feelings by age and gender, EU27 (%)

    Table 4: Request for support by employment status, EU27 (%)

    Table 5: Proportion of financially fragile respondents by employment status, EU27 (%)

    Table 6: Proportion of respondents reporting difficulties making ends meet by employment status, EU27 (%)

    Table 7: Proportion of respondents reporting arrears by group, EU27 (%)

    Table 8: Trust in the EU by sociodemographic group (mean scores), EU27 (%)

    Table 9: Trust in the national government and the EU by financial support (mean scores), EU27 (%)

    List of figures

    Figure 1: Respondents who lost their job (of those who were employed before the pandemic) by country, EU27 (%)

    Figure 2: Preference to work from home post-pandemic, EU27 (%)

    Figure 3: Proportion of parents declaring they would like more online schooling for their children, even when the pandemic is over, EU27 (%)

    Figure 4: Risk of depression by age group and survey round, EU27 (%)

    Figure 5: Unmet need for healthcare during the pandemic by country, EU27 (%)

    Figure 6: Unmet need for healthcare by type of healthcare, spring 2021, EU27 (%)

    Figure 7: Requests for different types of support measures, summer 2020 and spring 2021, EU27 (%)

    Figure 8: Views about pandemic support measures, summer 2020 and spring 2021, EU27 (%)

    Figure 9: Views about pandemic support measures by country, spring 2021, EU27 (%)

    Figure 10: Proportion of respondents reporting difficulties making ends meet by country, EU27 (%)

    Figure 11: Pessimism about financial situation by economic situation, EU27 (%)

    Figure 12: Proportion of respondents stating that their financial situation will get worse, EU27 (%)

    Figure 13: Trust in institutions (mean scores), EU27 (%)

    Figure 14: Trust in the EU by country (mean scores), EU27 (%)

    Figure 15: Trust in national governments by country and survey round, EU27 (%)

    Figure 16: Stated intention to take vaccine by country, EU27 (%)

    Figure 17: Sociodemographic characteristics of people with vaccine hesitancy in Europe, EU27 (%)

    Figure 18: Reasons for vaccine hesitancy, EU27 (%)

    Figure 19: Trust in institutions among people who are vaccine hesitant and non-hesitant, EU27 (%)

    Figure 20: Vaccination hesitancy before and after 11 March 2021, EU27 (%)

Part of the series

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

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