Standard employment is not simply being replaced by non-standard work; employment is becoming more diverse, and policy must accordingly become more tailored. The last decade has seen much public and policy debate on the future of work. Standard employment – permanent, full-time and subject to labour law – is still dominant in Europe, and non-standard work, with the exception of part-time work, has been growing only to a rather limited extent. But it is acknowledged more and more that something is happening in the European labour market that is not transparent from the data, that this is of increasing importance, and that it is influencing the quality of work and employment.
New forms of employment
- Published between
- 12 ožujka 2015 - 15 prosinca 2020
This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.
- Report15 prosinca 2020
Although standard employment (generally full-time and permanent) remains the dominant employment type across the EU, European labour markets are increasingly characterised by a variety of different forms. These new forms of employment involve new formal employment relationships or work patterns (linked to aspects such as place of work, working time or use of ICT) and sometimes both. This report puts the spotlight on nine innovative employment forms across the 27 EU Member States, Norway and the UK.
- Report21 rujna 2020
Platform work– the matching of supply and demand for paid labour through an online platform – is still small in scale but is expected to grow. Accordingly, it is important to anticipate the opportunities and risks related to this business model and employment form. This report explores potential scenarios for two selected types of platform work by 2030, drawing on Eurofound’s ‘Future scenarios of platform work’ project. It assesses the expected implications for the economy, labour market and society if these potential futures were realised.
- Report2 srpnja 2020
Developments in information and communication technology (ICT) have been among the key drivers of change in working life over the past two decades. Specifically, telework and ICT-based mobile work (TICTM) exemplifies how digital technology has led to more flexible workplace and working time practices. However, the ability to work anywhere and at any time can lead to greater work intensification, competition and work-on-demand. If this is not explicitly addressed, it threatens to override the advantages that ICT-based flexible working brings to work–life balance.Radno vrijeme, Work organisation, Working conditions, Ravnoteža između poslovnog i privatnog života, Novi oblici zapošljavanja, Collective bargaining, Agreements, Digitalno doba: mogućnosti i izazovi za rad i zapošljavanje, Industrijski odnosi, Teleworking, Labour and social regulation, Predviđanje učinka promjena i upravljanje njime, Uvjeti rada i održivi rad, Radni odnosi i socijalni dijalog
- Report16 siječnja 2020
Advances in ICT have opened the door to new ways of organising work. We are shifting from a regular, bureaucratic and ‘factory-based’ working time pattern towards a more flexible model of work. Telework and ICT-based mobile work (TICTM) has emerged in this transition, giving workers and employers the ability to adapt the time and location of work to their needs. Despite the flexibility and higher level of worker autonomy inherent in TICTM, there are risks that this work arrangement leads to the deterioration of work–life balance, higher stress levels and failing worker health.Predviđanje učinka promjena i upravljanje njime, Digitalno doba: mogućnosti i izazovi za rad i zapošljavanje, Employment relationship, Health and well-being at work, Novi oblici zapošljavanja, Platform work, Teleworking, Work organisation, Ravnoteža između poslovnog i privatnog života, Working conditions, Uvjeti rada i održivi rad, Radno vrijeme
- Report20 prosinca 2019
Casual work, both intermittent and on-call, contributes to labour market flexibility and is therefore increasingly used across Europe. In some countries, practices go beyond the use of casual employment contracts to include other types of contracts and forms of self-employment.
- Blog17 listopada 2019
It feels like every day there are new articles or blog posts about how Uber drivers are exploited, or on the bad working conditions and safety standards for Deliveroo riders. In an era of ‘fake news’ can we trust that these are accurate? They most likely are, and I agree that things are not all rosy with regards to employment and working conditions of platform workers. But we should be careful with generalising from such messages that all platform work is bad.
- Policy brief23 rujna 2019
Platform work emerged onto European labour markets about a decade ago. While still small in scale, it is growing and evolving into a variety of forms. Different types of platform work have significantly different effects on the employment and working conditions of the affiliated workers.
- Report13 prosinca 2018
This report examines the issues in relation to ‘work on demand’, a topic that has received considerable attention in the media recently, mainly due to its links with the platform economy. Work on demand is often presented as a ‘win–win situation’: workers get to tailor their work according to their personal responsibilities outside work, while businesses can design their workforce according to their needs.Platform work, Undeclared work, Work organisation, Working conditions, Ravnoteža između poslovnog i privatnog života, Novi oblici zapošljavanja, Fraudulent work, Digitalno doba: mogućnosti i izazovi za rad i zapošljavanje, Zapošljavanje i tržišta rada, Predviđanje učinka promjena i upravljanje njime, Uvjeti rada i održivi rad
- Blog2 studenog 2018
In the abstract, platform work is the matching of supply and demand for paid work through an online platform. In practice, most people are likely to have encountered it through big online platforms such as Uber, Deliveroo or Amazon Mechanical Turk. This is a new form employment that began to emerge in Europe about a decade ago.
- Rosenvinge Ervik, Marthe
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