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The labour market for people with chronic diseases is not particularly different from the rest of the population and the employment rate and unemployment rate appear to be similar. However, people that have a decreased ability to work diverge from this notion and criticism has been raised towards the labour market entry frictions for this group. Examples include the employer entry fee (arbetsgivarinträde) and other financial responsibilities that employers need to provide.
The study justifies why the term a “chronic disease” is applied in Slovakia with a term “disability” interchangeably. In this line agenda on employment opportunities for people with chronic diseases is presented as the agenda of national disability related employment policy being embodied in the general Labour code, legislation aimed on employment services or social insurance. The author brings some evidence about still only a poor employment situation of persons with disabilities in working age (majority of them gain status of inactive persons) despite current political effort to change it. Consequently, some conditional factors to clarify the unfavourable situation are offered.
Official statistics for the year 2011 indicate that, in Romania, 1.7 million persons suffered from chronic diseases, and that almost a quarter of them - 400,000 - were in employment. Employment of chronic patients has not been addressed by special legislation, their problems are covered by the regulations that govern disabled persons. The employment of chronic patients has not been a topic of prime concern for the organisations of the social partners. The rights and interests of disabled chronically ill persons are defended mostly by non-government organisations.
Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most frequent chronic diseases in Slovenia and third most important cause for work-related disability. Cardiovascular diseases and other chronic diseases share common risk factors associated with unhealthy lifestyle and early detection of risk factors is of major importance. Every year more than 1000 people in employment suffer total or partial incapacity for work due to cardiovascular diseases. Most initiatives and programes in Slovenia addressing the problems and challenges of chronically ill workers focus on the prevention of chronic diseases or awareness rising campaigns for employers, stakeholders and the public.
In public policy as well as national statistics, a definition of people with chronic diseases is not used, but in both areas, the category of people with disability is commonly used. Data shows that the activity rate and employment rate of people with disabilities are over three times lower than in the total population. Most of them are employed as workers in manufacturing and within the system of supported/sheltered employment. People with disabilities perceive their carrier opportunities as very limited.
Regardless of the definition used, the number of workers who are chronically ill in Norway increased significantly in recent years. More than 200,000 people have a chronic health condition or disability that limits their work capacity, and from a public health perspective, chronic diseases emerge as a worrisome "epidemic" that affects a growing part of the population, particularly cardiovascular diseases, cancer and COPD. The main policy measure developed to favor the employment situation and working conditions of people with chronic diseases is the tripartite agreement on a more inclusive working life, which was last extended in March 2014.
There is no clear national definition of a chronic disease in a work situation in the Netherlands. Questionnaire data shows that between 25% and 30% of all workers are affected by a chronic disease. Worker with a chronic disease have slightly different working conditions as compared to workers without a chronic disease but differences may be also due to age, gender or sectoral differences between workers with and without a chronic disease. On a policy level the focus in the Netherlands is on participation. The latest regulation regarding this is the introduction of the ‘Participatiewet’ (participation law) which is expected to come into force on 1 January 2015.
This report gives an overview of working conditions, job quality, workers’ health and job sustainability in the industrial cleaning sector (NACE 81). The findings are based mostly on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS)...
Few Maltese studies analyse the impact of disease on employment and working conditions, fewer still focus on chronic diseases. Mental health and disability however are the exception to the rule with recent work-based studies available, whilst programmes are in place to facilitate and support their employment.