26 május 2003
After lengthy negotiations, the first sectoral agreement for the Italian railway industry was signed in April 2003. The most important aspect of this deal is the extension to the railway sector of the two-tier collective bargaining structure (sectoral and decentralised), which was introduced in most Italian industries by a July 1993 national tripartite agreement. Among other innovations, the railway sector agreement includes a new personnel classification system and provides for flexible forms of employment. It represents a notable renewal of sectoral industrial relations, carried out in the framework of the current liberalisation of the railway sector based on EU rules.
31 március 2003
In February 2003, a new collective agreement for the 280,000 employees of Italian ministries was signed, concluding negotiations which had lasted for 14 months. The deal complies with a framework agreement on public sector bargaining reached in February 2002 in terms of its pay provisions. It also contains innovative provisions on preventing and combating sexual harassment and bullying at the workplace.
25 március 2003
The centre-right coalition of parties elected in May 2001, the House of Freedoms (Casa delle Libertà), continued to govern during 2002, led by Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. The coalition is composed of Forza Italia, the National Alliance (Alleanza Nazionale), the Northern League (Lega Nord) and the Centre Christian Democratic Union (Unione Democratica Cristiana di Centro, UDC). The latter party was established through a merger at the end of 2002 between the Christian Democratic Centre (Centro Cristiano Democratico, CCD), the United Christian Democrats (Cristiani Democratici Uniti, CDU) and European Democracy (Democrazia Europea, DE), a party founded by Sergio D’Antoni, the former general of the Italian Confederation of Workers' Unions (Confederazione Italiana Sindacati Lavoratori, Cisl).
06 március 2003
In January 2003, taxi drivers in Milan staged a series of protests against the city council’s plan to increase the number of cab licences. The regional and provincial governments intervened in the dispute in an attempt to find a solution. The Guarantee Commission which oversees application of the law on strikes in essential public services also started a procedure to assess whether these rules had been breached. In February, taxi drivers' representatives and the Milan provincial government reached a deal on the dispute.
06 január 2003
In December 2002, the management of Fiat and the Italian government reached a 'programme agreement' on the reorganisation of the company's troubled automobile division. The trade unions have sharply criticised the deal and taken industrial action in protest, since they believe that the impact on employment is excessive and that the guarantees provided for the company's revival are insufficient.
28 szeptember 2002
During September 2002, the Italian social partners and political parties conducted a wide-ranging debate on the government's economic policy. The measures drawn up by the centre-right government to fight inflation and address the deteriorating public finances have been criticised by the social partners, which are demanding a clear intervention to foster economic growth. The Cisl and Uil trade union confederations, in particular, have stressed the need for full implementation of the recent 'Pact for Italy'. The Cgil union confederation has expressed strong criticisms of government's policy and called a general strike for 18 October.
28 szeptember 2002
July 2002 saw the approval of a set of labour market projects drawn up jointly by the government of Italy's Lombardy region, the regional social partners and other local organisations, under a 'Pact for the development of the economy, work, quality and social cohesion in Lombardy' signed in September 2001. The projects include the provision of services to workers employed on non-standard contracts, support for immigrant workers, initiatives to improve the labour market situation of women, and initiatives to increase workplace health and safety.
10 július 2002
In May 2002, an important agreement was reached by company management and trade unions on the Telecom Italia group's 2002-4 industrial plan. The deal covers key issues, such as employment levels and a new mix of occupations and skills in the group - to be accomplished through a combination of departures and new recruitment - guidelines for investments and development, and continuing education and training policies. The agreement also confirms the participatory system of industrial relations introduced in the group in 2000.
22 május 2002
In May 2002, an agreement to foster employment was signed in Milan by the municipal authorities, trade unions and employers' organisations. This 'pact for employment and growth' follows an 'employment pact' signed in February 2000, which caused a split in the union ranks, as Cgil refused to sign it. The new pact has been signed by all the three main union confederations, including Cgil, and sets up a comprehensive framework for social concertation at local level.
20 március 2002
The main political event during 2001 was the general election, held on 13 May. The centre-right coalition, the House of Freedom (Casa delle LibertÃ ) - made up of Forza Italia, the National Alliance (Alleanza Nazionale), the Northern League (Lega Nord), the Christian Democratic Centre (Centro Cristiano Democratico, CCD) and the United Christian Democrats (Cristiani Democratici Uniti, CDU) - won a large parliamentary majority. It obtained 366 seats out of 630 in the lower house of parliament, the Chamber of Deputies, and 177 out of 315 in the upper house, the Senate. It thus formed a new government in June 2001, replacing the former centre-left administration. Silvio Berlusconi, the leader of Forza Italia, became Prime Minister.