27 július 1999
After eight months of difficult negotiations, on 8 June 1999, Fim-Cisl, Fiom-Cgil and Uilm-Uil, the metalworkers' unions belonging to the three main trade union confederations, and the employers' associations Federmeccanica and Assistal accepted a mediation proposal put forward by the Minister of Labour, aimed at concluding the renewal of the collective agreement for the Italian metalworking industry. During June and July, the procedure for approval of the agreement involved consultation of trade union members on the Ministry of Labour's proposal, and a referendum of all workers on the text of the agreement agreed by the parties in June. In both consultations, the majority of votes were cast in favour of the agreement, which opened the way for its definitive signing.
27 január 1999
In December 1998, a tripartite agreement to set up a system of "concertation" in Italy's transport sector and to define new rules on the right to strike was reached at the Ministry of Transport. The agreement was signed on the trade union side by the main Cgil, Cisl and Uil confederations, together with their respective sectoral federations, and by other confederations such as Cisal and Ugl. On the employers' side, the deal was signed by organisations including Confindustria, Federtrasporto, Agens and Lega delle Cooperative. The effectiveness of the pact has been called into question by its rejection by a number of independent unions, mostly in the railways sector, and by foreseeable difficulties in enforcing the rules on the right to strike.
27 december 1998
In the first nine months of 1998, according to the National Institute of Statistics (Istat), Italian GDP rose by 1.6%, a smaller increase than expected. The inflation rate decreased marginally to 1.6%, while the unemployment rate stood at 12.6%, slightly up from 1997. At the same time, the employment rate grew by 0.9%. This can be explained by the fact that the unemployment rate differs markedly between geographical areas - for example, it is particularly high in Southern Italy (23.2%). In addition, unemployment affects women more than men, with rates of 16.9% and 9.6% respectively. In 1998, the public deficit stood at 2.6% of GDP.
27 szeptember 1998
In September 1998, the Fiom-Cgil, Fim-Cisl and Uilm-Uil trade unions presented their platform for negotiations over renewal of the metalworking sectoral agreement. Talks between the unions and the Federmeccanica employers' confederation should conclude by the end of 1998. In view of its traditional role as the "pattern-setting" agreement, the metalworking accord should have a major influence on the forthcoming bargaining round. The main issues addressed in the union platform are workers' rights, working hours, and job creation.
27 december 1997
In 1997, Italy's GDP increased by 1.7%: although low, this rate of growth was higher than in 1996. The rate of inflation continued to decrease, falling to to 1.7% in 1997 (according to the National Institute of Statistics, Istat). The unemployment rate stood at an average of 12.3% (Istat), which represented a growth of 0.2 percentage points compared with 1996. However, the unemployment rate is very different depending on the area: it is particularly high in the South, where it reaches 22.2%, while it is lower in the Centre (10.2%) and in the North (7.3% in the North-West and 5.7% in the North-East). In 1997, the Government's deficit-reduction policies, which received a particular impetus after 1993, continued, and the public deficit stood at 2.7% of GDP in 1997.
27 április 1997
"Territorial pacts" (patti territoriali) are an interesting and innovative form of social dialogue that could change the Italian experience of "social concertation", with important consequences. By developing the idea of these pacts, the consultative National Council for Economic Affairs and Labour (CNEL ), which had not previously played an important role in this field, could assume a key position in social dialogue, particularly in the preparation of agreements for the economic development of crisis-hit areas in Southern Italy.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary-173
27 február 1997
The issue of wage flexibility as a means of promoting employment growth was initially put forward by the ex-president of Confindustria (the most important Italian employers' association), Luigi Abete, as a problem which had not been adequately dealt with in the 1993 income policy agreement. CISL, one of the three main trade union confederations, later took up the wage flexibility issue and proposed flexibility in starting wages (the so-called "entrance salary") as a means of tackling the extremely serious employment crisis in some southern regions of Italy.
27 február 1997
The new decree, issued on 14 January, brings Italian pensions legislation more into line with the rest of the EU. Presenting the decision to the press, the Minister of Labour, Tiziano Treu said that "1997 will be the year in which a real supplementary social security system will begin to be set up in Italy.".