National Vocational Qualification

Phase: Anticipation
  • Recognition of informal and non-formal training
Utoljára módosítva: 25 August, 2020

Nacionalne poklicne kvalifikacije

Angol név:

National Vocational Qualifications


A National Vocational Qualification (NVQ) can be awarded to anyone over the age of 18 through assessment by an NVQ assessor in one of the following ways:

  • written assessment and interview
  • practical performance assessment and interview
  • written and practical performance assessment and interview
  • on-the-job observation and interview
  • role-play and interview


Main characteristics

A national vocational qualification (NVQ) is a formally recognised work related, competence-based qualification, which reflects the skills and knowledge needed to do a job effectively and shows that a candidate is competent both within a sector and to a certain level of achievement.

The NVQ is intended for youth and adults who seek formal recognition of skills gained outside the normal educational certification. An NVQ is awarded with a certificate as recommended by the Minister of Labour. The system of assessment and certification of NVQs in Slovenia is regulated by the National Professional Qualifications Act (Zakon o nacionalnih poklicnih kvalifikacijah, ZNPK) adopted by the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs, and Equal Opportunities. This act regulates the procedure and the competent bodies, agencies and organisations for adopting catalogues of standards of professional knowledge and skills, and the conditions and procedures for obtaining NVQs.


  • National funds

Involved actors

National government
Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Vocational Education and Training (Center RS za poklicno izobraževanje, CPI) provides support in developmental, research, implementing and systemic processes that contribute to the quality of vocational education. The National Examinations Centre (Državni izpitni center, RIC) is responsible for the development and management of the NVQ, including choosing assessing bodies and training assessors.
Assessing bodies, for example inter-company training centres, schools, organisations for adult education and chambers carrying out training programmes.


The National Examinations Centre issued 4,688 certificates in 2019 (RIC, Annual Report 2019, p. 44). Most often, certificates were awarded for vocational qualifications, such as hazardous goods transport operator (739 certificates), security guard (735), forestry workers (550), high-rise construction worker (372), and home care worker (282).


This instrument directly connects skills with employment.


The National Examinations Centre reports difficulties in ensuring knowledge testing for rare professions.


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