EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Műveletek
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Cím Country Típus Névcsökkenő sorrend Angol név
Luxembourg: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Luxembourg Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Code du travail; Code civil Labour code; Civil code
France: Redundant employees entitlement to public support France Redundant employees entitlement to public support Code du travail; Convention d'assurance chômage du 14 Avril 2017; Règlement général annexé à la Convention d'assurance chômage du 14 avril 2017 Labour code; Unemployment insurance agreement of 14 April 2017; General regulation annexed to Unemployment insurance agreement of 14 April 2017
Luxembourg: Notice period to employees Luxembourg Notice period to employees Code du travail; Loi du 23 juillet 2015 portant réforme du dialogue social à l'intérieur des entreprises Labour Code; Law of 23 July 2015 reforming social dialogue within companies
Italy: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Italy Employment protection in relation to business transfers Codice civile; Codice di Procedura Civile; Legge 29 Dicembre 1990, n. 428, Disposizioni per l'adempimento di obblighi derivanti dall'appartenenza dell'Italia alle Comunità europee; Decreto Legislativo 10 Settembre 2003, n. 276, Attuazione delle deleghe in materia di occupazione e mercato del lavoro, di cui alla legge 14 febbraio 2003, n. 30; Decreto Legislativo 6 Ottobre 2004, n. 251, Disposizioni correttive del decreto legislativo 10 settembre 2003, n. 276, in materia di occupazione e mercato del lavoro Civil Code; Civil Procedure Code; Law 29 December 1990, no.428, Provisions for the fulfillment of obligations deriving from Italy’s membership of the European Communities; Legislative Decree of 10 September 2003, no. 276, Implementation of provisions concerning employment and labour market, mandated by Law of 14 February 2003, no. 30; Legislative Decree no. 251 of 6 October 2004, Provisions amending Legislative Decree of 10 September 2003, no. 2765, concerning employment and the labour market
Italy: Notice period to employees Italy Notice period to employees Codice Civile; Contratti collettivi nazionali di settore; Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro Civil code; National sectoral collective agreements; Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions
Portugal: Rescue procedures in insolvency Portugal Rescue procedures in insolvency Código da Insolvência e da Recuperação de Empresas (CIRE); Lei 6/2018 de 22 de Fevereiro - estabelece o estatuto do mediador de recuperação de empresas; Lei 8/2018 de 2 de Março - Regime Extrajudicial de Recuperação de Empresas Insolvency and business recovery code; Law 6/2018 of 22 February - establishes the business recovery mediator; Law 8/2018 of 2 March - Extrajudicial recovery procedure
Portugal: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Portugal Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Employees obligation to undertake training Portugal Employees obligation to undertake training Código do trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Portugal Staff information and consultation on business transfers Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Portugal Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Código do trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Time off for job search Portugal Time off for job search Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Notice period to employees Portugal Notice period to employees Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Portugal Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Portugal Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Código do trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Definition of collective dismissal Portugal Definition of collective dismissal Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Portugal Employment protection in relation to business transfers Código do Trabalho (Transmissão de empresa ou estabelecimento), alterado pela Lei 14/2018 de 20 de março (Altera o regime jurídico aplicável à transmissão de empresa ou estabelecimento e reforça os direitos dos trabalhadores, procedendo à décima terceira alteração ao Código do Trabalho) Labour code (transfer of undertaking) amended by Law 14/2018 of 20 March (Changes the legal regime applicable to the transfer of business or establishment and reinforces the rights of workers, making the 13th amendement to the labor code)
Portugal: Working time flexibility Portugal Working time flexibility Código do trabalho; Decreto-Lei 220/2006 de 3 Novembro Labour code; Decree-Law 220/2006 of 3 November
Portugal: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Portugal Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Código do Trabalho; Lei 27/2014 de 8 de Maio de 2014 Labour Code; Law 27/2014 of 8 May 2014
Portugal: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Portugal Severance pay/redundancy compensation Código do Trabalho; Lei 69/2013, de 30 de Agosto; Decreto-Lei 210/2015 de 25 Setembro; Lei 70/2013 de 30 Agosto Labour Code; Law 69/2013 of 30 August; Decree-Law 210/2015 of 25 September; Law 70/2013 of 30 August
Portugal: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Portugal Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Código do Trabalho; Lei 71/2018 de 31 de Dezembro; Lei 210/2015 de 25 de Setembro Labour code; Law 71/2018 of 31 December; Law 210/2015 of 25 September

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