EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

481 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Műveletek
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Cím Countrycsökkenő sorrend Típus Név Angol név
Ireland: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Ireland Severance pay/redundancy compensation Redundancy Payments Acts 1967-2007 Redundancy Payments Acts 1967-2007
Ireland: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Ireland Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Employees (Provision of Information and Consultation) Act 2006 Employees (Provision of Information and Consultation) Act 2006
Ireland: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Ireland Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Protection of employment act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of employment order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of employment regulations 2000); Protection of employment (exceptional collective redundancies and related matters) act, 2007 Protection of employment act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of employment order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of employment regulations 2000); Protection of employment (exceptional collective redundancies and related matters) act, 2007
Ireland: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Ireland Redundant employees entitlement to public support Social welfare consolidation act 2005; S.I. No. 440/2014 - Social welfare (consolidated claims, payments and control) (amendment) (No. 4) (Prescribed employment schemes) regulations 2014; S.I. No. 441/2014 - Social welfare (consolidated supplementary welfare allowance) (amendment) (No. 4) (Prescribed employment schemes) regulations 2014; Social welfare, pensions and civil registration act 2018 Social welfare consolidation act 2005; S.I. No. 440/2014 - Social welfare (consolidated claims, payments and control) (amendment) (No. 4) (Prescribed employment schemes) regulations 2014; S.I. No. 441/2014 - Social welfare (consolidated supplementary welfare allowance) (amendment) (No. 4) (Prescribed employment schemes) regulations 2014; Social welfare, pensions and civil registration act 2018
Ireland: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Ireland Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Protection of Employment Act, 1977 as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 European Communities (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2000 Protection of Employment Act, 1977 as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 European Communities (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2000
Ireland: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Ireland Employment protection in relation to business transfers The European Communities (Protection of Employees on Transfer of Undertakings) Regulations 2003; S.I. No. 15/2018 - European Communities (Seafarers) Regulations 2018 The European Communities (Protection of Employees on Transfer of Undertakings) Regulations 2003; S.I. No. 15/2018 - European Communities (Seafarers) Regulations 2018
Ireland: Rescue procedures in insolvency Ireland Rescue procedures in insolvency Companies act 2014 Companies act 2014
Ireland: Definition of collective dismissal Ireland Definition of collective dismissal Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of Employment Regulations 2000) Protection of Employment Act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of Employment Order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of Employment Regulations 2000)
Ireland: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Ireland Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Protection of employment act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of employment order 1996); The companies (rescue process for small and micro companies) bill 2021 Protection of employment act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of employment order 1996); The companies (rescue process for small and micro companies) bill 2021
Ireland: Time off for job search Ireland Time off for job search Redundancy Payments Act 1979 Redundancy Payments Act 1979
Ireland: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Ireland Staff information and consultation on business transfers European Communities (Protection of Employees on Transfer of Undertakings) Regulations 2003; S.I. No. 131/2003; S.I. No. 15/2018 - European Communities (Seafarers) Regulations 2018 European Communities (Protection of Employees on Transfer of Undertakings) Regulations 2003; S.I. No. 131/2003; S.I. No. 15/2018 - European Communities (Seafarers) Regulations 2018
Ireland: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Ireland Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Protection of employees (employers' insolvency) acts 1984 - 2006 Protection of employees (employers' insolvency) acts 1984 - 2006
Italy: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Italy Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Decreto Legislativo 27 gennaio 1992, n. 80, Attuazione della direttiva 80/2987/CE in materia di tutela dei lavoratori subordinati in caso di insolvenza del datore di lavoro Legislative Decree 27 January 1992, no. 80, Implementation of Directive 80/2987/EC concerning employees’ protection in case of employer’s insolvency
Italy: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Italy Reemployment obligation after restructuring Legge 29 aprile 1949, n. 264, Provvedimenti in materia di avviamento al lavoro e di assistenza dei lavoratori involontariamente disoccupati Law 29 April 1949, no. 264, Provisions concerning access to work and support to involuntarily unemployed people
Italy: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Italy Redundant employees entitlement to public support Decreto Legislativo 4 marzo 2015, n. 22, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di ammortizzatori sociali in caso di disoccupazione involontaria e di ricollocazione dei lavoratori disoccupati; Decreto legislativo 14 settembre 2015, n. 148, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di ammortizzatori sociali in costanza di rapporto di lavoro; Decreto legislativo 14 settembre 2015, n. 150, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di servizi per il lavoro e di politiche attive; Decreto legge 28 settembre 2018, n. 109, Disposizioni urgenti per la citta' di Genova, la sicurezza della rete nazionale delle infrastrutture e dei trasporti, gli eventi sismici del 2016 e 2017, il lavoro e le altre emergenze; Decreto legge 28 gennaio 2019, n. 4, Disposizioni urgenti in materia di reddito di cittadinanza e di pensioni; Legge 30 dicembre 2020, n. 178 Bilancio di previsione dello Stato per l'anno finanziario 2021 e bilancio pluriennale per il triennio 2021-2023; Decreto Legge 25 maggio 2021, n. 73 Misure urgenti connesse all'emergenza da COVID-19, per le imprese, il lavoro, i giovani, la salute e i servizi territoriali. Legislative Decree 4 March 2015, n. 22, Provisions for the reorganisation of the legislation on social safety nets in the event of involuntary unemployment and relocation of unemployed workers; Legislative Decree 14 September 2015, n. 148, Provisions for the reorganisation of the legislation on social safety nets in constance of employment; Legislative Decree 14 September 2015, no. 150, Provisions for the reorganisation of rules on employment services and active labour market policies; Decree Law 28 September 2018, n. 109, Urgent provisions for the city of Genoa, the security of the national infrastructure and transport network, the 2016 and 2017 seismic events, work and other emergencies; Decree law 28 January 2019, n. 4, Urgent provisions concerning citizenship income and pensions; Law 30 December 2020, n. 178; State budget for the financial year 2021 and multi-year budget for the three-year period 2021-2023; Law Decree Law 25 May 2021, n. 73 Urgent measures related to the COVID-19 emergency, for businesses, work, young people, health and local services.
Italy: Employees obligation to undertake training Italy Employees obligation to undertake training Decreto legislativo 14 settembre 2015, n. 150, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di servizi per il lavoro e di politiche attive; Decreto legge 28 gennaio 2019, n. 4, Disposizioni urgenti in materia di reddito di cittadinanza e di pensioni Legislative Decree 14 September 2015, no. 150, Provisions for the reorganisation of rules on employment services and active labour market policies; Decree law 28 January 2019, n. 4, Urgent provisions concerning citizenship income and pensions
Italy: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Italy Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Legge 29 dicembre 1990, n. 428, Disposizioni per l'adempimento di obblighi derivanti dall'appartenenza dell'Italia alle Comunità europee; Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro; Decreto Legislativo 6 febbraio 2007, n. 25, Attuazione della direttiva 2002/14/CE che istituisce un quadro generale relativo all’informazione e alla consultazione dei lavoratori Law 29 December 1990, n. 428, Provisions for the fulfillment of obligations deriving from Italy's membership of the European Communities; Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions; Legislative Decree 6 February 2007, no. 25, Implementation of European Directive 2002/14/EC which sets up a general framework for workers’ information and consultation
Italy: Working time flexibility Italy Working time flexibility D.Lgs. 14 settembre 2015, n. 148, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di ammortizzatori sociali in costanza di rapporto di lavoro; Decreto legge 28 settembre 2018, n. 109, Disposizioni urgenti per la citta' di Genova, la sicurezza della rete nazionale delle infrastrutture e dei trasporti, gli eventi sismici del 2016 e 2017, il lavoro e le altre emergenze; Decreto Legge 25 maggio 2021, n. 73 Misure urgenti connesse all'emergenza da COVID-19, per le imprese, il lavoro, i giovani, la salute e i servizi territoriali. Legislative Decree 14 September 2015, no. 148, Provisions to recast rules on social safety nets for workers in employment; Decree Law 28 September 2018, n. 109, Urgent provisions for the city of Genoa, the security of the national infrastructure and transport network, the 2016 and 2017 seismic events, work and other emergencies; Decree Law 25 May 2021, n. 73 Urgent measures related to the COVID-19 emergency, for businesses, work, young people, health and local services.
Italy: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Italy Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro; Legge 28 giugno 2012, n. 92, Disposizioni in materia di riforma del mercato del lavoro in una prospettiva di crescita Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions; Law of 28 June 2012, n. 92, Provisions on labor market reform with a view to growth
Italy: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Italy Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro; Decreto Legislativo 14 Settembre 2015, n. 148; Decreto Legislativo 12 gennaio 2019, n. 14 Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions; Legislative decree 14 September 2015, No. 148; Legislative decree 12 January 2019, No.14

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