EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Cím Countrynövekvő sorrend Típus Név Angol név
Romania: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Romania Severance pay/redundancy compensation Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011
Romania: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Romania Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no 345 dated 18 May 2011
Romania: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Romania Employment protection in relation to business transfers Legea nr. 67/2006 privind protectia drepturilor salariatilor in cazul transferului intreprinderii, al unitatii sau al unor parti ale acestora, publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, nr. 276 din 28 martie 2006 Law no. 67/2006 regarding the transfer of undertakings, businesses, or parts of undertakings or businesses, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, no. 276 of 28 March 2006
Romania: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Romania Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Legea nr. 200/2006 privind constituirea şi utilizarea Fondului de garantare pentru plata creanţelor salariale; Legea nr. 227/2015 - Codul fiscal Law no. 200/2006 regarding the establishment and use of a guarantee fund for debt salaries; Law no. 227/2015 - Fiscal Code
Romania: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Romania Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 of 18 May 2011
Romania: Working time flexibility Romania Working time flexibility Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 of 18 May 2011
Romania: Definition of collective dismissal Romania Definition of collective dismissal Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011
Romania: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Romania Reemployment obligation after restructuring Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 of 18 May 2011
Romania: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Romania Redundant employees entitlement to public support Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurărilor pentru şomaj şi stimularea ocupării forţei de muncă; Ordonanta de Urgenta a Guvernului nr. 36/2013 privind aplicarea în perioada 2013-2018 a unor măsuri de protecţie socială acordată persoanelor disponibilizate prin concedieri colective efectuate în baza planurilor de disponibilizare aprobata cu completari prin Legea nr. 259/2013, modificata in 2015 si 2016 Law no. 76/2002 on the unemployment insurance system and the stimulation of employment; Government Emergency Ordinance no. 36/2013 on the implementation in 2013-2018 of social protection measures to people affected by redundancies made under redundancy plans, approved and modified by Law no. 259/2013, modified in 2015 and 2016
Romania: Rescue procedures in insolvency Romania Rescue procedures in insolvency Legea nr. 85/2014 privind procedurile de prevenire a insolvenţei şi de insolvenţă, publicată în Monitorul oficial al României nr. 466 din 25 iunie 2014 Law no. 85/2014 on insolvency and insolvency prevention procedures, published in the Romanian Official Gazette no. 466 of 25 June 2014
Romania: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Romania Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345/18 mai 2011; Ordonanţa Guvernului nr. 129/31 august 2000 privind formarea profesională a adulţilor; Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurărilor pentru şomaj şi stimularea ocupării fortei de munca, cu modificarile si completarile ulterioare Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011; Governmental Ordinance no. 129 dated 31 August 2000 regarding adult professional training; Law no. 76/2002 regarding unemployment benefits and labour force employment stimulation, as subsequently amended and supplemented
Romania: Employees obligation to undertake training Romania Employees obligation to undertake training Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 of 18 May 2011
Romania: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Romania Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 of 18 May 2011
Romania: Notice period to employees Romania Notice period to employees Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011
Romania: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Romania Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011
Romania: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Romania Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011; Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurărilor pentru şomaj şi stimularea ocupării forţei de muncă, cu modificările şi completările ulterioare Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania No. 345 of 18 May 2011; Law no. 76/2002 regarding unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation, as subsequently amended and supplemented
Romania: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Romania Staff information and consultation on business transfers Legea nr. 67/2006 privind protectia drepturilor salariatilor in cazul transferului intreprinderii, al unitatii sau al unor parti ale acestora, publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, nr. 276 din 28 martie 2006 Law no. 67/2006 regarding the transfer of undertakings, businesses, or parts of undertakings or businesses, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, no. 276 of 28 March 2006
Portugal: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Portugal Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Portugal Employment protection in relation to business transfers Código do Trabalho (Transmissão de empresa ou estabelecimento), alterado pela Lei 14/2018 de 20 de março (Altera o regime jurídico aplicável à transmissão de empresa ou estabelecimento e reforça os direitos dos trabalhadores, procedendo à décima terceira alteração ao Código do Trabalho) Labour code (transfer of undertaking) amended by Law 14/2018 of 20 March (Changes the legal regime applicable to the transfer of business or establishment and reinforces the rights of workers, making the 13th amendement to the labor code)
Portugal: Employees obligation to undertake training Portugal Employees obligation to undertake training Código do trabalho Labour Code

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