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A salary increase, with effect from the academic year 2006–2007, represents
the latest achievement of the Education and Science Workers’ Trade Union
(Latvijas Izglitibas un zinatnes darbinieku arodbiedriba, LIZDA ). This
union is the only employee organisation representing education and science
workers at national level in Latvia.
In the 1980s, the illegal economy was at its peak in Slovenia; some experts
estimated that it amounted to as much as 38% of gross domestic product (GDP).
Later calculations by the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs
(Ministrstvo za delo, družino in socialne zadeve, MDDSZ ) put the
percentage between 16.8% and 21.3% of GDP.
The number of people on long-term disability benefits in Europe is rising and this group is particularly at risk of social exclusion. Although many of those away from work for a long period due to illness or injury would like to rejoin the workforce, very few actually do so in practice. This situation means that potential workers are absent from the labour market and there is pressure on social security systems. One of the key strategies for reversing this trend and helping long-term benefit claimants to return to work is a system of effective employment guidance and counselling services. By looking at case studies in 10 Member States, this report identifies examples of good practice in employment services for people who have become disability claimants in the course of their working lives. It concludes that there is overall a lack of awareness of the specific needs of people on longterm disability benefits and a need for a wider range of initiatives specially targeted at this group.
Disclaimer: This information is made available as a service to the public but
has not been edited or approved by the European Foundation for the
Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The content is the
responsibility of the authors.
The government has announced major job cuts and reform of the public sector,
and implementation has already begun at central governmental units
(*HU0607059I* , *HU0611019I* ). The four different laws regulating
employment relationships in the public sector have been amended in an attempt
to streamline public administration.
In September 2006, a total of 115 market vendors operating in Valletta, the
capital city of Malta, announced that they were joining the Union of United
Workers (UHM ). UHM is a general union which, within its seven sections,
includes members from most sectors of the Maltese economy. This decision was
made public following an extraordinary general meeting of the Association of
Valletta Open Market Vendors (Ghaqda Bejjiegha tal-Monti tal-Belt Valletta),
the organisation to which market vendors belonged before joining UHM.
The paid educational leave system (Congé-éducation payé /Betaald
educatief verlof ) allows workers to attend training courses during
working hours, while still maintaining their job and existing income levels.
In 2006, some 71,000 workers took part in the scheme.
In Slovakia, a category of self-employed persons may be found who are
economically dependent on one employer for income and who are not clearly
distinguishable from the permanent employees in terms of work organisation
and job content. Nevertheless, Slovakian legislation does not provide any
special employment status for such workers, and they fall under the general
definition of self-employed persons.
In June 2006, representatives of the Ministry of Education and Science
(Švietimo ir mokslo ministerija, ŠMM ) presented the draft law on
vocational education and training to the social partners at the Tripartite
Council of the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublikos Trišale taryba,
LRTT ). The draft proposal was developed within the framework of the
implementation plan of the 2004–2008 programme (144Kb PDF)  of the
Government of the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybe, LRV