936 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

  • Cooperation to combat substandard employment practices in building sector

    In November 2003, a working group set up on the initiative of the Federation of Norwegian Construction Industries (Byggenæringens Landsforening, BNL) in cooperation with, among others, the Norwegian United Federation of Trade Unions (Fellesforbundet), published its first report. The working group has representation from all the relevant actors in the industry as well as public regulatory bodies and the police. The report outlines possible measures to combat substandard practices and illegal activities in the building sector. Preliminary findings from a project commissioned by Fellesforbundet confirm the general impression that illegitimate employment and tax practices are a serious problem in this part of the Norwegian economy.
  • Unions hold day of action against redundancies

    The large number of collective redundancies announced during 2003 (FI0311203T [1]) have raised worries and anger among Finnish employees. The reasons behind the job losses vary. During the past few years of slow economic growth, firms avoided workforce reductions and some 'labour hoarding' took place while firms were waiting for the economic recovery. However, as economic growth has remained slower than expected, it has finally led to redundancies and lay-offs. Economic globalisation and the so-called 'China phenomenon' have also led to reductions of production and staff in Finland, with firms moving production abroad to countries where costs are lower (FI0311202F [2]). [1] [2]
  • Collective bargaining system under pressure

    Since the 1990s, the German system of sector-level collective bargaining has seen a continuous process of transformation towards more company-level bargaining. This transformation has taken various forms:
  • Employment conference foresees creation of 60,000 jobs

    A national 'conference for employment' convened by Belgian government in September 2003 brought together representatives of the various levels of government and of the social partners, with the aim of developing a series of structural measures to boost employment. The conference resulted in agreement on a number of initiatives which, it is hoped, will create 60,000 jobs. The reactions of the various participants were mixed.
  • Danish Work Environment Cohort Study, 2000 (DWECS)

    The Danish Work Environment Cohort Study from the National Institute of Occupational Health (NIOH) shows that the work environment and working conditions have generally improved from 1990-2000. However, these developments are largely explained by a changing labour force rather than by interventions in the work environment and in the occupational health system.The results of the study reveal that working conditions vary significantly across sectors and in relation to different job categories. For instance, the majority of jobs with a high degree of exposure to various work environment risks are found among unskilled workers in crafts and manufacturing.
  • Young people in the Swedish labour market

    A recently published essay ‘Ungdomars inträde i arbetslivet - följder för individen och arbetsmarknaden’ (‘Young peoples’ entry into the labour market - effects on the individual and the labour market’) in Work life in transition 2003:8 [1] /(in Swedish; pdf file)/ discusses the participation of young people in the labour market. Temporary and part-time employment have become more prevalent, and they experience relatively high levels of unemployment. An increasing number are neither working nor looking for a job. [1]
  • Social inclusion: Local partnerships with civil society (Foundation paper No. 4 December 2003)

    Supporting social inclusion through partnerships with civil society is the focus of this fourth Foundation paper. It draws largely on research carried out by the Foundation in this area over the past decade. This paper outlines the strategic and practical importance of civil society in supporting social inclusion. It looks at the role of partnerships in this area, for example between social partners and public authorities at local and regional level, and it proposes guidelines to assist policymakers in strengthening the role of civil society. Foundation papers aim to highlight knowledge and analysis emanating from the Foundation’s research themes: employment, equal opportunities, social inclusion, time use and diversity. The objective of the papers is to make past, present and future work of the Foundation relevant and accessible in a synthesised format. The subject of each paper will be linked to current social policy issues and offers therefore a timely contribution to the debate at European level.
  • Debate over improving productivity through innovation

    In 2003, for the third consecutive year, the Dutch economy continues to lag behind the EU as a whole. Attention is increasingly turning to improved labour productivity as a solution, especially as continuing wage moderation does not seem to be having the desired effect. A wave of relocations of high-quality production and research and development from the Netherlands to other countries has fuelled the debate, which has been prominent during 2003. The social partners and government alike see improving the Dutch 'climate of innovation' as one of the most important factors in the drive to raise productivity. However, policy on innovation has yet to crystallise.
  • Gender equality slowly gaining ground in collective agreements

    A report by Spain's Economic and Social Council, published in October 2003, finds that provisions on equality between men and women are beginning to gain ground in collective agreements at sector and company level. In the opinion of the CES, the situation is 'modest but hopeful'.
  • Gender equality issues examined

    Gender equality in its contemporary, internationally recognised meaning is a relatively new concept for Estonia. While issues related to gender equality were addressed to a wider audience at a'conference of Estonian women' as early as 1989, they have not become a clearly developed field in Estonia. The relevant legislation is widely regarded as insufficient at present, and there is a lack of institutions with concrete and specific functions in this area, while experts and relevant knowledge are largely lacking. However, over time, it appears that the public has become more willing to discuss the respective rights and responsibilities of men and women.