Publications

735 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Employment relations in micro and small firms - Literature review: USA

    According to available data for 1996, micro and small enterprises (this is, enterprises with 1 to 49 employees) account for around 30% of the total US employment, where this share is lower than the EU average (52%). This literature review examines micro and small enterprises in the US economy, studies employment relations from a legal perspective and as they pertain to small business, as well as looking at collective representation and bargaining, working and employment conditions, arbitration procedures, size and sector considerations.
  • Employment relations in micro and small enterprises - Literature review: Japan

    Among OECD countries, Japan - together with Italy - has the highest proportion of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). According to data published by the Management and Coordination Agency, in the manufacturing sector alone in 1996 were operating 665,540 SMEs - defined as enterprises with less than 301 regular employees. These firms accounted for 99.7 per cent of the total of Japanese manufacturing enterprises. In the same year, manufacturing SMEs employed 7,311,993 people, or the 62.1 per cent of the total. This literature review examines the role of small firms in the Japanese economy and the legislative framework. It looks at collective representation and bargaining, working and employment conditions, arbitration procedures, size and sector considerations. It concludes with policy implications.
  • Employment relations in micro and small enterprises - Literature review: France

    This literature review defines its terms of reference as an introduction. It then examines small business in France, including issues of collective representation and bargaining, working and employment conditions, arbitration procedures, size and sector considerations. It concludes with policy implications.
  • Employment relations in micro and small enterprises - Literature review: Finland

    The overall unionisation rate of employees in Finland is very high (96.5%). This literature review examines small business in Finland, including issues of collective representation and bargaining, working and employment conditions, arbitration procedures, size and sector considerations. It concludes with policy implications.
  • Employment relations in micro and small enterprises - literature review: Bulgaria

    The new system of industrial relations started evolving in the early 1990s in Bulgaria. In March 1990, the National Assembly adopted the Law on Collective Labour Dispute Settlement, which laid the foundations of new collective labour relations. The amendments in the Labour Code from 1992 provided the legal foundations for the setting up of the tripartite partnership mechanisms aiming to better regulate the labour relations and to settle the collective labour disputes in the enterprises. This literature review examines small business in Bulgaria, including issues of collective representation and bargaining, working and employment conditions, arbitration procedures, size and sector considerations. It concludes with policy implications.
  • Features of micro and small enterprises: Bulgaria and the Czech Republic

    This literature review examines the role of micro and small enterprises in the Bulgarian and Czech economies, looks at employment relations in both countries and surveys evidence from literature and comparisons with the EU.
  • GSEE agrees organisational change

    At its 31st conference in November 2002, the Greek General Confederation of Labour (GSEE) took a number of important decisions on organisational restructuring. There will be closer cooperation and, it is planned, eventual merger with the Confederation of Public Servants (ADEDY), along with greater coordination between GSEE member organisations at regional, prefectural and sector level. The conference also adopted measures on economic independence and amended GSEE's statutes.
  • Relationship between LO and Labour Party under debate

    The Norwegian Labour Party (Det norske Arbeiderparti, DnA) held its 59th national conference in November 2002, and one of the items on the agenda was the close relationship between the party and the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO). The formal ties between the two organisations (NO9709122F [1]) are becoming increasingly controversial, and have been a source of significant criticism both within and outside the labour movement. Recent developments in terms of declining electoral support for DnA and declining membership for LO, as well as increasing internal tension within both organisations, have added to these controversies. In response to these developments the president of LO, Gerd-Liv Valla, decided not to join the national executive committee of DnA. However, the delegates at the conference stressed the need to continue and indeed strengthen cooperation between the two organisations, but to deliberate and develop less formal channels of communication and cooperation. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-support-for-political-parties-in-the-election-campaign
  • Debate over pension reform resumes

    Following a decision in October to phase out the early retirement scheme for civil servants, in late 2002 the French government set out its schedule for pension reform and issued various statements on the issue. It has developed two priority areas - 'equal treatment for all' and 'freedom of choice'. Trade unions are challenging the process and fear that the government has already decided how pensions are to be reformed.
  • Unions seek more influence for EWCs

    On 25-26 November 2002, over 400 trade union representatives and employee-side members of European Works Councils (EWCs) took part in a major conference, entitled /Towards more influence/, which aimed to discuss improvements in EWC practice and highlight the trade union case for amendments to the EWCs Directive (94/45/EC) [1]. The conference, organised jointly by the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) and the main Danish national trade union organisations, with the support of the European Commission, was held in the Danish city of Aarhus as part of the programme of activities associated with Denmark’s Presidency of the EU during the second half of 2002. This feature reports on the main strands of the discussion. [1] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=31994L0045&model=guichett

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