Publications

735 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • New nationwide trade union centre established

    2002 has seen the creation of a new nationwide trade union organisation in Poland, alongside the two main existing centres, NSZZ Solidarność and OPZZ. The Trade Unions Forum (FZZ) has its roots in a number of organisations which split from OPZZ, and now has 36 affiliates. The new body's membership exceeds 300,000, the threshold for representation on the national Tripartite Commission, and it is thus seeking a Commission seat alongside NSZZ Solidarność and OPZZ.
  • Inter-union cooperation in multinationals

    Polish trade unions have problems in articulating the relations between different levels of their organisation (workplace, regional/branch and national), exacerbated by the political rift between the two major union organisations, NSZZ Solidarność and OPZZ. In 2002, there have been a number of attempts by unions to formulate joint positions and pursue mutual interests, but these generally continue to be of a half-hearted and strictly ad hoc nature. However, the increasing presence of multinational companies in Poland has raised a need for closer cooperation between local union bodies in these multinationals' Polish operations, especially where there is a European Works Council in place. This article examines the state of inter-union cooperation and examines the case of an innovative joint trade union representation body at the Żywiec brewery group, owned by Heineken.
  • Project seeks to strengthen autonomous social dialogue at sector level

    Although the Hungarian industrial relations system which took shape in the 1990s formally includes three layers of national, sectoral and company-level institutions, the sector level is widely known to be the weakest of them - social dialogue and bargaining practices at sector level are fairly underdeveloped. In 2001, only 6% of employees were covered by voluntary sectoral collective agreements, and extension procedures (applying sectoral agreements to employers and employees not belonging to signatory organisations) increased coverage by only 2.1 percentage points (TN0212102S [1]). Moreover, the contents of sectoral agreements are rather poor and the guarantees of implementation are doubtful (TN0207102F [2]). Previous governments have established various sectoral consultation fora, which formally work with the sectoral Ministries, but neither employers nor trade unions have been satisfied with the contents and results of these negotiations. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/erm/comparative-information/collective-bargaining-coverage-and-extension-procedures [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-in-the-candidate-countries
  • Unions present proposals for bargaining in 2003

    In late 2002, the Spanish social partners are seeking to negotiate a central agreement to provide a framework for lower-level collective bargaining in 2003, as they did for 2002. The two main trade union confederations, CC.OO and UGT, presented their proposals for a new agreement in December. It appears that a major issue in 2003's collective bargaining will be wage revision clauses, which link pay increases to inflation. The government (supported by the Bank of Spain and the IMF) wants to abolish these clauses, on the grounds that they cause inflation, but the unions see them as essential for maintaining workers' purchasing power and domestic consumption.
  • Agreement signed on modernisation and improvement of public administration

    In November 2002, the Spanish government and three trade unions (CC.OO, UGT and CSI-CSIF) signed an agreement on 'the modernisation and improvement of the public administration'. The two-year deal will introduce changes aimed at improving the services provided by the public administration and rationalising the structure of the workforce. It provides for above-inflation pay increases and the introduction of a 35-hour week, along with measures to promote employment stability.
  • Blue-collar workers' pay falls behind

    On 6 December 2002, the blue-collar Swedish Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen, LO) presented a report [1] on its members' wages and their development from 1994 to 2002. The data is based on structural wage statistics from Sweden Statistics (Statistiska Centralbyrån), divided into five main sectors. LO has also examined the extent of the 'wage spread' and its development over 1994-2001. [1] http://www.lo.se/raw/documents/39511_loner_2002.pdf
  • New pay agreements reached in ICT sector

    New pay agreements for the Swedish information and communications technology (ICT) sector were concluded on 3 December 2002. The negotiations, which started earlier in the autumn, were followed with great interest as the employers had announced publicly that their first offer to the trade unions was a zero wage increase (SE0211105F [1]). Throughout 2002, there had been a discussion among ICT companies about even lowering current wages, as the economic situation in the sector is so poor (SE0202107F [2]). [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/wage-decreases-very-rare [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/ict-companies-seeking-pay-cuts
  • Wage moderation and low productivity under debate

    After several years of prosperity, the Dutch economy seems to have run into difficulties in late 2002, falling behind the rest of the EU in indicators such as growth. To address the problems, there have been calls to revert to the familiar recipe of wage moderation but, increasingly, the focus appears to be on the lagging labour productivity and innovative power of the Dutch economy.
  • SAK sets objectives for next government

    In late autumn 2002, the Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions (SAK), presented its views on the goals that should be pursued by the new parliament and government to be elected in 2003. These proposals from Finland's largest trade union confederation seek to help the country adapt to the world of the future, through measures such as improvements in workers' skill levels.
  • Debate over role of agreements and legislation in labour market regulation

    A report [1] on the Danish economy published by the presidency of the Economic Council (Økonomisk Råd) in autumn 2002 includes a special analysis of the Danish model of industrial relations - ie the special tradition of labour market regulation in the form of collective agreements between the social partners rather than legislation, which has for more than a century characterised industrial relations in Denmark (DK9908140F [2]). The Economic Council, on which the social partners are represented, is an independent body established by statute in 1962. The presidency of the Council is composed of three professional economists – the so-called 'wise men' (Vismændene) – and it is the presidency which has in its most recent report undertaken the special analysis of the importance of the Danish tradition of labour market regulation. [1] http://www.dors.dk/rapp/dors143.htm [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/september-compromise-marks-100th-anniversary

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