Publications

744 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Strong growth in temporary agency work

    The use of temporary agency workers in Denmark has been steadily increasing. In 1992, there were 73 registered temporary work agencies with about 3,000 agency workers, which grew to 396 agencies with 21,000 employees BY 1999 (according to figures from Statistics Denmark [Danmarks Statistik]). If the growth rate recorded since 1997 has continued, there are probably about 370 agencies with about 35,000 workers in December 2002. In 2001, the agencies' turnover was more than DKK 3 billion - a 10-fold increase over a decade.
  • Provisional results of 2002 works council elections

    Between 1 March and 31 May 2002, works council election [1] s took place in German companies under the terms of the new Works Constitution Act (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz, BetrVG) which has been in force since July 2001 (DE0107234F [2]). The BetrVG determines the legal framework for co-determination at the level of the establishment [3] in the private sector, through works council [4] s. Works councils are employee representative bodies with a range of co-determination, information and consultation rights. Works council elections are held every four years between 1 March and 31 May (DE9810180F [5]). The reformed BetrVG aims to increase the number of works councils, improve the representation of women on works councils and enhance the operating conditions of works councils. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-council-election-0 [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/works-constitution-act-reform-adopted [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/co-determination-rights-of-the-works-council [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-council-2 [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/results-of-the-1998-works-council-elections
  • New study analyses development of employers' associations

    Since the beginning of the 1990s, the German system of industry-wide collective bargaining has seen a continued process of decentralisation and flexibilisation. While part of the process has been associated with the increasing use of 'opening clauses' ('Öffnungsklauseln') which – under certain conditions – allow companies to apply lower standards for wages, hours and working conditions than provided in the collective agreement (DE0103212F [1]), some observers have also been concerned about declining membership of employers' associations. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/wsi-survey-examines-decentralisation-of-bargaining-in-19992000
  • Unions demand 'zero tolerance' of workplace violence

    In August 2002, a woman was jailed [1] for three months for assaulting a pregnant teacher during an argument over the price of a school trip. Also during 2002, another teacher was left with a visual impairment after she was head-butted by a four-year-old. Earlier in the year, a bus driver needed surgery after being shot in the face with an airgun. These are just some examples of the everyday risk workers in some sectors and occupations face of verbal abuse and physical violence, ranging from shouting and swearing to punching and stabbing. Survey evidence, together with evidence gathered by trade unions, suggests that public sector workers and those whose work involves direct contact with the public are especially vulnerable. Such evidence was presented on 2 December 2002 at a joint Trades Union Congress (TUC), Confederation of British Industry (CBI) and Health and Safety Executive (HSE) seminar. [1] http://www.tuc.org.uk/h_and_s/tuc-5350-f0.cfm
  • Equality Tribunal mediation facilitates quicker dispute resolution

    Ireland’s ODEI-Equality Tribunal is an independent quasi-judicial body established in 1999, whose core function is to investigate, and/or mediate, complaints of unlawful discrimination at work (IE0008218N [1]). According to the Equality Tribunal, its new mediation service is, on average, three times quicker than the alternative equality dispute resolution option – a formal investigation decided by an equality officer [2]. Equality cases that have resulted in mediated agreements have been completed in just six months (from the original date of referral to the date of signing the agreement), compared with an average of 18 months in employment investigation cases (again, from the original date of referral to the date of decision). [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/discrimination-claims-up-40-says-new-equality-agency [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/equality-officer
  • New incomes policy agreement covers over 90% of wage earners

    In December 2002, the Finnish social partners formally signed a new two-year incomes policy agreement, which covers over 90% of wage earners. A few sectors which are strategically important for Finnish industry, such as seafaring and transport, rejected the deal. The cost effect of the of the agreed wage increases is 2.9% in 2003 and 2.2% in 2004.
  • Programme of work for 2003

    The third annual programme of work based on the Foundation's four-year programme 2001-2004: Analysing and anticipating change to support socio-economic progress. Among the aims of the programme are to: strengthen monitoring activities and strategic research in the three core areas of expertise (Living Conditions, Working Conditions, Industrial Relations) and EMCC; meet specific needs of key policy audiences; incorporate candidate countries in all main areas of activity; increase existing collaboration with the European Commission and strengthen relationships with the other EU Institutions; and reinforce the Foundation's role as a forum for debate.
  • Social partners and government reach 'social agreement' for 2003

    In November 2002, the Dutch government and social partners reached a 'social agreement' for 2003, including a pay increase limit of 2.5% - the first such centrally agreed wage ceiling for a decade. Under the agreement, the government has released a sum of EUR 1 billion to meet the social partners' demands, including cuts in tax and social security contributions.
  • General strike held in metalworking

    On 15 November 2002, Italian metalworkers' trade unions organised a one-day general strike across the sector. The action focused on supporting negotiations over the restructuring plan and large-scale job losses announced at the Fiat auto group and at putting pressure on the government to draw up a national industrial policy, at a time when the Italian metalworking sector is experiencing major problems.
  • Cgil holds demonstration for development of South

    On 29-30 November 2002, Cgil, one of Italy's three main trade union confederations, organised a demonstration in Naples in favour of the development of the country's southern regions and against the government's recent 2003 budget law.

Oldalak