735 items found

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  • Agreement reached on noise Directive

    The European Commission originally proposed a Directive limiting noise at the workplace in 1992, within the context of a broader Directive limiting workers’ exposure to physical agents. A newer proposal dates from 1999, when the Commission split the proposed physical agents Directive into individual proposals, one of which related to noise (EU0106220F [1]). [1]
  • Parliament proposes amendments to draft temporary agency work Directive

    The European Commission issued a proposal for a Directive on working conditions for temporary (agency) workers [1] in March 2002 (EU0204205F [2]), seeking to ensure equal treatment for temporary agency workers and comparable workers in a number of areas. This followed the breakdown of EU-level social partner negotiations on this topic in May 2001 (EU0106215N [3]). The proposal is subject to the co-decision procedure, under which the European Parliament (EP) may be consulted several times on the content and final agreement must be reached between the Council of Ministers and the EP. [1]!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=52002PC0149&model=guichett [2] [3]
  • Government repeals most of its unemployment benefit reform

    In October 2002, only five months after introducing a major reform of unemployment benefit (without agreement with the trade unions), the Spanish government decided to repeal most of the changes that it had made, faced with pressure from the unions and public unpopularity.
  • Parliament rejects popular legislative initiative on employment stability and safety

    In November 2002, the Spanish parliament decided not to debate as a draft law a 'popular legislative initiative' promoted by the UGT trade union confederation. The initiative sought to introduce new measures to improve stability and safety in employment, but the opposition of the governing People's Party's parliamentary majority ensured its rejection.
  • DGB proposes integrated EU economic and social policy

    On 8 October 2002, the German Federation of Trade Unions (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB) issued a statement [1] to the European Convention [2]- the body charged with preparing for the next Intergovernmental Conference by proposing a new framework and structures for the EU, notably in the light of enlargement (EU0201231N [3]) - containing proposals for a new 'social contract' for Europe. This initiative is a contribution to the ongoing debate on a new EU 'constitution', and it seeks to face the challenges of enlargement and of persistent unemployment, and to introduce an integrated economic and social policy. DGB proposes: the creation of a higher level of social rights for EU citizens; the strengthening of the participation of the European Parliament (EP) and the social partners; and the introduction of a more coordinated macroeconomic policy mix. [1] [2] [3]
  • CES adopts opinion on future of EU social policy

    In October 2002, France's Economic and Social Council (CES) adopted an opinion entitled 'What social competences will there be and who will be the actors in an enlarged EU'. This report, endorsed by all the groups and organisations represented in the CES, makes very detailed proposals for bolstering the 'European social model' and enshrining the position and role of the European-level social partners, at a time when the European Convention is drafting a new EU treaty or constitution.
  • Emploi non permanent, qualité du travail et relations industrielles

    L’emploi 'non permanent' est une caractéristique des marchés du travail européens qui a suscité une attention croissante au cours de ces dernières années et a fait l’objet de nombreuses réglementations, notamment à l’échelle européenne. L’emploi non permanent peut globalement être défini comme tout emploi limité dans le temps qui n’est pas basé sur un contrat de travail à durée indéterminée et continu - les principaux types d’emploi non permanent étant l’emploi sous contrat à durée déterminée, le travail intérimaire, le travail occasionnel ou saisonnier. Cette étude comparative, basée sur les contributions des observatoires nationaux de l’Observatoire européen des relations industrielles (EIRO) dans les États membres de l’UE et en Norvège, vise à étudier les liens entre l’emploi non permanent et la 'qualité' de la vie professionnelle mais aussi à examiner comment ce thème est traité dans le cadre des relations industrielles. L’étude porte principalement sur le travail à durée déterminée - une étude précédente de l’EIRO fournissant des informations plus détaillées sur le travail intérimaire TN9901201S [1]. [1]
  • Flexible Beschäftigungsverhältnisse, Arbeitsqualität und -beziehungen

    'Flexible' Beschäftigungsverhältnisse sind ein Phänomen auf europäischen Arbeitsmärkten, dem in den letzten Jahren immer mehr Aufmerksamkeit zuteil wird und das Gegenstand zahlreicher gesetzlicher Vorschriften ist - zumindest auf Ebene der Europäischen Union. Flexible Beschäftigungsverhältnisse können im allgemeinen Sinne als eine Beschäftigungsform definiert werden, die nicht auf einem unbefristeten und fortlaufenden Arbeitsvertrag beruht, sondern zeitlich begrenzt ist; die wichtigsten Formen sind Beschäftigung mit befristeten Arbeitsverträgen, Leiharbeit sowie Gelegenheits- bzw. Saisonarbeit. In dieser Vergleichsstudie, deren Grundlagen die Beiträge der nationalen Zentren der Europäischen Beobachtungsstelle für die Entwicklung der Arbeitsbeziehungen (EIRO) in den EU-Mitgliedstaaten und Norwegen darstellen, sollen der Zusammenhang zwischen flexiblen Beschäftigungsverhältnissen und der 'Qualität' des Arbeitslebens untersucht sowie dessen Behandlung bei den Arbeitsbeziehungen betrachtet werden. Zunächst geht es um zeitlich befristete Beschäftigungsverhältnisse, wobei genauere Informationen über Leiharbeit in einer früheren Vergleichsstudie der EIRO enthalten sind - TN9901201S [1]. [1]
  • Debate continues over proposed Labour Code

    Over the second half of 2002, the industrial relations agenda in Portugal has been dominated by the government's proposal for a Labour Code, which would replace most current labour legislation by bringing existing provisions together in a single text. At the same time, current provisions would be amended in a variety of areas. This article reviews the initial stage of the debate, which ended in November with the submission of a draft to parliament, and highlights the main proposals relating to individual employment law.
  • Social partner involvement in the 2002 NAP

    This feature examines social partner involvement in Portugal's 2002 National Action Plan (NAP) for employment. It is one of a set of similar features for all the EU Member States, written in response to a questionnaire