735 items found

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  • La retraite progressive en Europe

    The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national reports submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these national reports is available below in Word format. The reports have not been edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a questionnaire [1] and should be read in conjunction with it. [1]
  • Dutch Railways board and managers resign

    January 2002 saw the resignation of the supervisory board and part of the management team (including the chief executive) at Dutch Railways (NS). The ostensible reason was a failure to achieve an agreed punctuality target, but the underlying factors included persistent poor relations with staff - NS experienced major industrial conflict in 2001 - and a tense relationship between the board and the Minister of Transport.
  • Unions report Sweden to ILO for breaching Conventions

    On 23 November 2001, the Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees (Tjänstemännens Centralorganisation, TCO) and the Swedish Trade Union Confederation (Landsorganisationen, LO) reported the Kingdom of Sweden to the International Labour Organisation (ILO). TCO and LO claim that, by making a new legislative rule that increases the compulsory retirement age from 65 to 67, Sweden has breached two ILO Conventions - Convention No. 98 on the right to organise and collective bargaining [1] (1949), and Convention No. 154 on collective bargaining [2] (1981). [1] [2]
  • New supplementary pension agreement for government employees

    On 21 December 2001, the Agency for Swedish Government Employers (Arbetsgivarverket) and trade unions representing government employees signed a new collective agreement on supplementary pensions. The trade union bodies concerned were the Swedish Union for Service and Communication (Facket för Service och Kommunikation, SEKO), the Public Employees' Negotiation Council (Offentliganställdas förhandlingsråd, OFR) and the Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations (Sveriges Akademikers Centralorganisation, SACO). The agreement creates a new 'premium' contribution-based collective supplementary pension system - ie whereby workers' pensions are based on the contributions that they themselves make - for the 220,000 workers in the government sector, with possibilities for individual choices for the employees. The new system will progressively replace parts of the current 'benefit-contribution' based system - whereby fixed benefits are paid out of current contributions - and will come into force on 1 January 2003. Those employees with five years or less until retirement are not concerned by the new system, with the exception of the possibility of receiving a partial pension (see below).
  • Merger of white-collar unions blocked

    On 6 December 2001, the union council of the Salaried Employees' Union (Handelstjänstemannaförbundet HTF, HTF) decided to break off the merger process (known as the 'TRIO project') involving HTF and three other white-collar trade unions (SE0111104F [1]) - the Swedish Union of Local Government Officers (Svenska Kommunaltjänstemannaförbundet, SKTF), the Social Insurance Employees' and Insurance Agents' Union (Försäkringsanställdas Förbund, FF) and the Union of Civil Servants (Statstjänstemannaförbundet, ST). For the time being, this means that there will be no merger to create a new 460,000-strong union affiliated to the Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees (Tjänstemännens Centralorganisation, TCO), . [1]
  • Employers and unions in industry form alliance for future

    In early December 2001, an alliance was created between employers and trade unions in Swedish manufacturing industry, entitled 'Future for Swedish Industry' (Framtid för svensk industri). The chair of the alliance is the industrialist, Carl Bennet, while the vice-chair is Göran Johnsson, the head of the Swedish Metalworkers' Union (Svenska Metallindustriarbetareförbundet, Metall). The alliance brings together high-level representatives from: major enterprises such as Saab, Volvo, Astra Zeneca; the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences (Kungliga Ingenjörsvetenskapsakademin); and three leading trade unions in the private industry sector - Metall, the Swedish Union of Clerical and Technical Employees in Industry (Svenska Industritjänstemannaförbundet, SIF) and the Association of Graduate Engineers (Sveriges Civilingenjörsförbund, CF). Political representatives will also take part, such as Göran Johansson (Social Democrat), a municipal commissioner in Gothenburg.
  • Nurses in public hospitals issue strike warning

    The Norwegian Union of Registered Nurses (Norges Sykepleierforbund, NSF) has warned that it will take strike action in public hospitals from 22 January 2002 onwards. The backdrop to this move is the fact that the union is now without a collective agreement following the transfer of all public hospitals from the county municipalities to the state sector on 1 January 2002. Since then, both the previous county municipal hospitals and the state sector hospitals have been organised as 'health enterprises', and are members of the NAVO employers' organisation (NO0108139F [1]). [1]
  • Unions call strikes to oppose government reforms

    In late December 2001, Italy's three main trade union confederations - Cgil, Cisl and Uil - united in calling strikes in January 2002 to protest against reform laws on pensions, taxation and the labour market passed by the government.
  • Fiat announces massive restructuring

    In December 2001, the Italian-based Fiat group approved a restructuring plan aimed at addressing the difficult economic situation and the problems of its automobile division. The plan provides for an increase in share capital, the divestment of some activities and an industrial reorganisation programme, whereby Fiat will close or restructure 18 plants - two in Italy and 16 abroad. The plan foresees 6,000 redundancies.
  • Agreements end protests by police officers and gendarmes

    The end of 2001 was marked by major unrest within France's national police force and Gendarmerie nationale, against a backdrop of debates on the issue of public safety. However, the actions ended after agreements were negotiated with the relevant ministries, providing additional pay and resources for both groups.