Industrial relations and social dialogue

Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021

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Published
19 maí 2022
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Abstract

This publication consists of individual country reports on working life during 2021 for 28 countries – the 27 EU Member States and Norway. The country reports summarise evidence on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on working life based on national research and survey results during 2021. They Read more

This publication consists of individual country reports on working life during 2021 for 28 countries – the 27 EU Member States and Norway. The country reports summarise evidence on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on working life based on national research and survey results during 2021. They outline the policy responses of governments and social partners in their efforts to cushion the socioeconomic effects and include a focus on policy areas related to adapting to the pandemic and the return to work. This includes in particular a focus on new health and safety arrangements at work, new work arrangements, policies to address labour shortages and wages and wage setting. The reports also explore the impact of the pandemic on social dialogue, collective bargaining and industrial action.

Please note that there is no consolidated report on working life in the EU in 2021.

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Formats

  • Report

  • Country reports

    • Austria: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Number of pages
      20
      Reference no.
      WPEF22003
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Belgium: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Van Herreweghe, Dries
      Number of pages
      19
      Reference no.
      WPEF22004
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Bulgaria: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Gospodinova, Zlatka; Miteva, Nadejda
      Number of pages
      24
      Reference no.
      WPEF22005
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Croatia: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Bejaković, Predrag; Klemenčić, Irena
      Number of pages
      17
      Reference no.
      WPEF22006
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Cyprus: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Kalosinatos, Pavlos; Antoniou, Loucas
      Number of pages
      21
      Reference no.
      WPEF22007
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Czechia: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Veverková, Soňa; Váňová, Jana
      Number of pages
      21
      Reference no.
      WPEF22008
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Denmark: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Hansen, Maria; Schmidt, Line
      Number of pages
      21
      Reference no.
      WPEF22009
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Estonia: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Kadarik, Ingel
      Number of pages
      19
      Reference no.
      WPEF22010
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Finland: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Kinnunen, Amanda
      Number of pages
      18
      Reference no.
      WPEF22011
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • France: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Number of pages
      21
      Reference no.
      WPEF22012
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Germany: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Vogel, Sandra; Breitenbroich, Marc
      Number of pages
      20
      Reference no.
      WPEF22013
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Greece: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Kousta, Elena
      Number of pages
      25
      Reference no.
      WPEF220014
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Hungary: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Hárs, Ágnes
      Number of pages
      28
      Reference no.
      WPEF22015
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Ireland: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      McMahon, Gerard
      Number of pages
      29
      Reference no.
      WPEF22016
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Italy: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Number of pages
      18
      Reference no.
      WPEF22017
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Latvia: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Number of pages
      22
      Reference no.
      WPEF22018
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Lithuania: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Mieziene, Rasa; Blaziene, Inga
      Number of pages
      20
      Reference no.
      WPEF22019
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Luxembourg: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Thomas, Adrien
      Number of pages
      19
      Reference no.
      WPEF22020
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Malta: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Fiorini, Luke; Rizzo, Saviour
      Number of pages
      22
      Reference no.
      WPEF22021
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Netherlands: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      de Winter, Thomas; Snijders, Jacqueline
      Number of pages
      19
      Reference no.
      WPEF22022
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Norway: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Ødegård, Anne Mette
      Number of pages
      21
      Reference no.
      WPEF22030
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Poland: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Number of pages
      20
      Reference no.
      WPEF22023
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Portugal: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Campos Lima, Maria da Paz ; Carrilho, Paula
      Number of pages
      25
      Reference no.
      WPEF22024
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Romania: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Boboc, Cristina; Vasile, Valentina; Ghiță, Simona; Deliu, Alexandra
      Number of pages
      21
      Reference no.
      WPEF22025
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Slovakia: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Bednárik, Rastislav; Cziria, Ludovít; Keselova, Daniela; Kordošová, Miroslava
      Number of pages
      20
      Reference no.
      WPEF22026
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Slovenia: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Breznik, Maja; Lužar, Barbara; Perko, Mitja
      Number of pages
      22
      Reference no.
      WPEF22027
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Spain: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Number of pages
      17
      Reference no.
      WPEF22028
      Observatory
      EurWORK
    • Sweden: Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021
      National contribution
      19 maí 2022
      Author(s)
      Brandsma, Nils; Kinnunen, Amanda
      Number of pages
      26
      Reference no.
      WPEF22029
      Observatory
      EurWORK
  • Related articles

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

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