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  • Article
    27 maí 1997

    In a previous EIRO review of the industrial relations consequences of the new
    Labour Government (UK9704125F [1]) it was suggested that it was unlikely that
    the Government would produce an all-embracing employment bill in its first
    term of office, and this has proved correct. However, the social partners
    were still relatively pleased with announcements made on measures to tackle
    unemployment and low pay.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market/the-industrial-relations-consequences-of-the-new-labour-government

  • Article
    27 maí 1997

    The recent Commission Communication on /Modernising and improving social
    protection in the European Union/ (COM (97)102 of 12 March 1997- EU9703113N
    [1]) is merely the latest step in a long process of debate revolving around
    the question of how systems of social protection can best be adapted to
    today's changing economic, social and demographic situation. It is a debate
    which has in the past clearly been influenced by the limited nature of
    Community legal competence in this area. This is restricted to the
    coordination of national social security schemes in cases where citizens
    exercise their rights to free movement within the Union. Member states have
    long resisted any attempts at a harmonisation of social protection systems,
    which have developed very differently as a result of every country's
    socio-economic, political and cultural heritage.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/commission-issues-communication-on-the-modernisation-of-social-protection-systems

  • Article
    27 maí 1997

    The Finnish Confederation of Salaried Employees (STTK) has recently begun
    discussions about the next incomes policy agreement by proposing a reduction
    in working time.

  • Article
    27 maí 1997

    A recent collective agreement signed at Telecom Italia Mobile (TIM) provides
    for the development of social dialogue and workers' participation, through
    information and discussion on industrial policies and joint decision-making
    on vocational training.

  • Article
    27 maí 1997

    On 30 April 1997 the Ring of Free Labour (Ring Freiheitlicher Arbeitnehmer,
    RFA), a group affiliated with the Austrian Freedom Party (Freiheitliche
    Partei Österreichs, FPÖ), held its federal congress. One of the points of
    debate was whether to develop into a trade union outside the Austrian Trade
    Union Federation (Österreichische Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB). Since 1945 there
    have been no trade unions outside the ÖGB. The debate was triggered by the
    RFA's failure to achieve caucus status in the ÖGB. The minimum requirement
    of at least four affiliated works council members in each of at least three
    trade unions has not been met.

  • Article
    27 maí 1997

    At the beginning of May 1997, the State Prosecutor's consultative committee
    issued a report questioning the legality of the provision of a state
    guarantee for a bank loan made to the General Workers' Union (União Geral
    dos Trabalhadores, UGT). A final decision on whether to take legal action to
    ascertain the legality of the action is now expected from the State
    Prosecutor.

  • Article
    27 maí 1997

    Part-time workers have traditionally not been allowed into the same
    occupational pension schemes as full-time workers, but because there are far
    more women than men among part-timers the practice was challenged on the
    grounds of sex discrimination through the European Court of Justice (ECJ). In
    1994, the ECJ ruled in a set of linked cases that the practice did amount to
    sex discrimination. The judgment was not welcomed by the then Conservative
    Government, so the Trades Union Congress (TUC) advised qualifying individuals
    that they should register their cases with industrial tribunals. After a
    number of test cases in the UK tribunals, it was ruled that part-timers who
    had been denied access to occupational pension schemes could not claim
    backdated pension rights any further back that two years prior to the ECJ's
    ruling - that is, 1992. After appeals were turned down, the cases are still
    waiting to be heard by the House of Lords.

  • Article
    27 maí 1997

    The importance of continuing vocational education is increasingly being
    recognised by policy-makers across the European Union, not only because of
    its positive impact on maintaining the competitiveness of enterprises, but
    also because of its potential contribution to the free movement of labour and
    the improvement of employment prospects. This is particularly important in
    the context of the evolving "information society". The Commission has given
    particular emphasis and resources to continuing training through its
    vocational training programme, LEONARDO, and in declaring 1996 the European
    Year of Lifelong Learning.

  • Article
    27 maí 1997

    Two separate committees - a group of professors appointed by the Government
    and a committee of economists from the Finnish social partners - published
    reports in early May 1997 on the industrial relations implications of EU
    Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) for Finland The social partners themselves
    have adopted a joint declaration on EMU membership.

  • Article
    27 maí 1997

    Occupational pension schemes are becoming more and more important in Italy
    even though their full implementation is still difficult, both because the
    legal framework has not yet been consolidated, and because their form and
    content must be defined by the social partners through collective bargaining.
    The latter point still remains problematic, as no agreement has yet been
    reached as to whether pension schemes should be developed at national or
    local level. Nevertheless, evidence from recent collective bargaining at
    national and local levels shows that occupational pension scheme issues are
    growing in importance.

Series

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications