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  • Article
    27 March 1997

    On 5 March 1997 the European Commission issued a Memorandum on the
    interpretation of the 1977 Directive on business transfers (77/187/EEC) which
    aims to clarify certain aspects of the Directive. It also seeks to address
    the criticisms levied against the draft Directive to replace the 1977 text,
    launched by the Commission in 1994. The proposed draft sought to take into
    account the changed business environment following the implementation of the
    single market project.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    After a legal battle lasting more than three years between the management of
    La Samaritaine (one of the five large Paris department stores), and its works
    council and CGT union branch, two rulings by the highest court in the French
    legal system on 13 February 1997, imposed the reinstatement of staff made
    redundant, as part of the cancellation of a corporate "downsizing" procedure
    (plan social). These rulings reveal the growing role of judges in the
    supervision of redundancies.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    The typical trade union member of the future could well be a 30-year-old
    female VDU operator, balancing both work and family responsibilities,
    according to the TUC. A new report launched at the TUC's women's conference
    held in Scarborough on 12-14 March, argues that if unions can rise to the
    challenge, the number of women members could increase by as many as 400,000
    by the turn of the century. According to the report (/Women and the new
    unionism/), women now make up half of the workforce, but only a third are
    members of a union. Young women are thought to be particularly difficult to
    organise. Only 6% of women employees under the age of 20 years are presently
    union members, compared with 24% aged between 20 and 29 years old.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    The major labour market reform legislation of 1994 made important changes to
    the framework for collective bargaining in Spain. This feature examines
    bargaining trends since 1994, and analyses the positions of the parties
    involved and the results of the reform.

  • Article
    27 March 1997

    In its response to the Commission's September 1996 Communication on the
    development of the social dialogue (see Record EU9702102F [1]), UNICE (the
    Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe) welcomes the
    opportunity for debate and calls for a reinforcement of consultation with the
    social partners. However, it argues that the treatment of fundamentally
    different processes in one Communication adds a source of confusion to the
    debate. These varied processes include: the consultation and negotiation
    within the meaning of Article 118B of the EC Treaty and Article 3.1 of the
    Agreement on social policy; Advisory Committees; the Standing Committee on
    Employment; the joint sectoral committees and informal working groups;
    tripartite bodies; joint operational initiatives; European Works Councils,
    and the social dialogue in trans-boundary region. UNICE feels that the
    Communication should have:

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/the-future-of-the-social-dialogue-at-community-level

  • Article
    27 febrúar 1997

    On 19 February, the Government presented a bill to Parliament, proposing
    modifications in the legislation concerning the granting of workers' claims
    in case of their employer's insolvency. There is no doubt that it will be
    passed by Parliament. This will then be the second time the legislation has
    been modified in order to comply with EU Council Directive 80/987/EEC on this
    subject.

  • Article
    27 febrúar 1997

    The immediate catalyst for the current prominence of working time in UK
    industrial relations is the failure in November 1996 of the Government's
    attempt to have the EU Directive on certain aspects of the organisation of
    working time (Council Directive 93/104/EC of 23 November 1993) annulled by
    the European Court of Justice (ECJ). Steps are being taken to implement the
    Directive, though the present Conservative Government hopes to get the
    Directive "disapplied" if it wins the forthcoming general election. Also
    important, however, is the growing debate about the implications for the
    well-being of individuals and their families of the fact that UK's hours of
    work are long in comparison with other EU member states.

  • Article
    27 febrúar 1997

    According to a recent analysis by the Institute for Economics and Social
    Science (Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut, WSI) basic wages
    and salaries in western Germany grew on average by about 2.3% in 1996. Thus,
    pay increased by about 0.8 percentage points above the inflation rate, which
    stood at 1.5% in 1996. Altogether, about 15.1 million employees were covered
    by collective agreements signed in 1996. The highest pay increases, at 2.8%,
    were in the energy and water industry and in the iron and steel industry. The
    lowest increases were in banking (1.5%), post and telecommunications (1.4%)
    and public services (1.3%).

  • Article
    27 febrúar 1997

    On Sunday 2 February 1997, a so-called "multicoloured march for jobs" drew
    about 50,000 people from all over Belgium to the streets of Clabecq, a small
    industrial town on the borders of the provinces of Brabant and Hainaut.

Series

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications