18 Ottobre 2005
Despite repeated union protest action, the French government has proceeded with the partial privatisation of the gas production and distribution company, Gaz de France (GDF). In July 2005, 22% of shares in GDF were floated on the stock exchange with small shareholders and company employees being offered first refusal. Other partial privatisations have also been announced.
30 Aprile 2004
In April 2004, the French parliament passed a law on the reform of collective bargaining. This legislation aims to give a new dynamism to bargaining by introducing two major innovations: collective agreements must essentially have the support of (or not be opposed by) a majority of representative trade unions or of unions representing a majority of employees, in order to be valid; while the previous 'hierarchy' of collectively agreed norms is changed, with the possibility of company-level agreements departing from sector-level agreements.
09 Marzo 2003
In a referendum held in January 2003, 53.4% of workers and pensioners in the French electricity and gas industries - basically consisting of the state-owned companies EDF and GDF - rejected a deal reached in December 2002 by employers’ associations and four unions (CGT, CFDT, CFE-CGC and CFTC). This agreement provided for the transfer of the industries' special pension scheme to a public fund run jointly by the social partners. It was designed as a precursor to two government plans: privatising EDF and GDF, and bringing special pension schemes into line with the general scheme, as part of an overall reform of pension funding. Despite the referendum's result, the government has announced its willingness to see the December agreement translated into legislation.
29 Aprile 2002
Prior to the first round of voting in France's presidential elections on 21 April 2002, trade unions and employers' associations entered the debate. This feature reviews the social partners' various positions and demands, as well as some of the candidates' proposals in the areas of social affairs and industrial relations.
27 Ottobre 2000
In September 2000, French public transport was hit by a number of strikes. The conflicts centred mainly on pay, reflecting a widespread feeling among French workers that, after years of wage restraint, they are now entitled to a share of current economic growth.
27 Ottobre 2000
In September 2000, a new observatory was created for the collection and distribution of information pertaining to employment in the French civil service. It will also monitor the evolution of jobs and civil servants' skills - areas where information is currently lacking.
27 Febbraio 1998
The last collective agreement on pay in the French civil service was signed on 9 November 1993. Five trade unions signed the deal - the French Democratic Confederation of Labour (Confédération Française Démocratique du Travail, CFDT ), the Federated Education Union (Fédération de l'Education Nationale- FEN), the Independent General Confederation of Civil Servants (Fédération Générale Autonome des Fonctionnaires, FGAF), the French Christian Workers' Confederation (Confédération Française des Travailleurs Chrétiens, CFTC) and the General Confederation of Managerial Staff-French Confederation of Managerial Staff (Confédération Française de l'Encadrement- Confédération Générale des Cadres, CFE-CGC). On the basis of the results of workplace-level elections, these five unions together represented the majority of civil servants.
27 Giugno 1997
On 10 June 1997, Renault management announced the appointment of an independent expert who will evaluate, on an economic basis, the potential measures envisaged to "compensate for the inefficiency involved in the structure of Renault's production facilities".