EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Tackling undeclared work

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

186 items found (page 1 of 19)

District employment services for domestic work, Spain

14 Agosto 2013
  • Spain
  In the district of Nazaret in València, an employment office along with a range of other services were created several years ago for women working in domestic services. The initiative was supported by a number of institutions, mainly public and religious, and was managed by an association. The office and services have since evolved and are now offered in a more organised way, and to other groups and occupations. The initiative promotes the creation of employment and of formal work contracts.
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

Social partner agreements to fight undeclared work, Germany

03 Giugno 2013
  • Germany
  In 2004, the Federal Ministry of Finance and the social partners in the construction sector joined forces to fight undeclared work on construction sites. This first agreement was followed by similar agreements in other sectors. The two latest social partner agreements cover painters (2010) and the industrial textile services sector (2012), aimed at curbing the incidence of undeclared work through the exchange of information, regular visits to establishments checking for cases undeclared work and monitoring the adherence to minimum wages.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Cash register legislation, Sweden

02 Giugno 2013
  • Sweden
 
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

Improved protection for migrant workers, France

02 Giugno 2013
  • France
  This measure aims to strengthen the financial sanctions used against employers who hire undocumented migrant workers by making the employer either pay the worker or, if they have left the country, pay a public body damages. It is also a way of increasing the social rights and improving the finances of migrant workers.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: increase penalties, Prevention

Central monitoring system for tourism, Montenegro

02 Giugno 2013
  • Montenegro
  Tourism is one of Montenegro’s most important economic sectors. However it seems that a large part of its activity is carried out without the knowledge of the authorities, as much of the work is undeclared. Therefore efforts are being made to develop a system that will enable clear monitoring of the tourism sector.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

Home-Job Plan, Denmark

02 Giugno 2013
  • Denmark
  Since 1 June 2011 it has been possible to deduct expenses to craftsmen and domestic helpers with €2,000 (DKK 15,000) per member of the household over 18 years of age through a pilot project called Home-Job Plan. The project runs until the end of 2013. The expenses that it is possible to deduct include payment for cleaning, indoor/outdoor maintenance of the house, gardening and babysitting. The goal is threefold: to prevent undeclared work in homes, to create jobs in construction and to encourage house owners to install CO2-friendly energy solutions.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Standing groups to control illegal work, Lithuania

02 Giugno 2013
  • Lithuania
  In order to tackle undeclared work more effectively, in 2011 the State Labour Inspectorate set up standing groups to control illegal work in Lithuania’s five largest cities to undertake control and prevention of undeclared work. The groups consist of VDI inspectors (lawyers) who were provided with appropriate resources. Where necessary, assistance can be sought from representatives of other institutions. The results show that this initiative has contributed to better detection of undeclared work compared to previous years.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

Strengthening non-financial sanctions, France

02 Giugno 2013
  • France
  This measure aims to prevent employers from using undeclared workers by increasing the use of non-financial penalties. The aim is to reduce the prevalence of undeclared work and to encourage employers to comply with the law. Penalties can include being barred from tendering for public works for a period, being excluded from receiving financial support from the state or being forced to close down the establishment for three months.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: increase penalties, Prevention

Targeted control of enterprises for undeclared work, Estonia

02 Giugno 2013
  • Estonia
  In 2012, the Estonian Tax and Customs Board undertook extensive activities to tackle tax fraud and undeclared wages, including hiring an additional 90 tax officials. The activities include notification letters as well as visits to company sites. In 2012, the tax officials concentrated on the construction and hotel and catering (restaurants) sectors.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Prevention

Mandatory employment contract for undeclared workers, Slovenia

02 Giugno 2013
  • Slovenia
  In December 2006 the Prevention of Illegal Work and Employment Act was amended with a new provision to protect workers. It imposes a duty to conclude an employment contract for an indefinite period to any employer who is caught employing unemployed or inactive persons on an undeclared basis. The authority that ensures the implementation of this measure is the Labour Inspectorate (Inšpektorat Republike Slovenije za delo, IRSD). Although the measure was first adopted in 2006, its effects were not seen until 2007 and beyond.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

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