Publications

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, r...Read more

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

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Latest publications

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    On 7 July 1999, delegations from France's five main trade union
    confederations (CFE-CGC, CFDT, CFTC, CGT and CGT-FO) met to study the
    government's recent proposal for a second law on the 35-hour working week and
    compare points of view.

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    In late June 1999, the Spanish central government lodged an appeal with the
    Constitutional Court against the Navarre regional government's recent law on
    the 35-hour working week, because it considers that the tax benefits arising
    from it are unconstitutional.

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    At the end of June 1999, trade unions and employers in private sector
    industry appointed eight impartial chairs for their forthcoming collective
    bargaining round. Under the March 1997 agreement on cooperation and pay
    regulation in the industry sector (SE9703110N [1]), such impartial chairs on
    their own initiative join the negotiations over a new collective agreement
    one month before the existing agreement is to expire and ensure that the
    negotiations end in due time. The 1997 agreement was signed by eight trade
    union federations and 12 employers' associations, representing some 10,000
    companies and 800,000 employees. The aims of the agreement include the
    conclusion of new collective agreements without any strikes or lock-outs.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-agreement-on-cooperation-and-bargaining-procedure-in-swedish-industry

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    On 14 January 1999, the central European-level social partners - the Union of
    Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE), the European
    Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises of General
    Economic Interest (CEEP) and the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) -
    reached a draft framework agreement on the rights of workers on fixed-term
    contracts [1] (EU9901147F [2]). The text was officially signed on 18 March
    1999, after ratification by the statutory bodies of the three organisations
    (EU9903162N [3]).

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-dial/social/fixed_en.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/social-partners-reach-draft-framework-agreement-on-fixed-term-contracts
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-sign-fixed-term-contracts-agreement

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    Magna International, one of the world's major automotive components
    manufacturers, based in Canada, and founded and owned by a 1950s Austrian
    emigrant, in 1998 acquired the Austrian Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG (SDP) for about
    ATS 4 billion. At the same time, Magna continued to expand its own Austrian
    operations. It has, by its own reckoning, so far invested ATS 11 billion in
    Austria and created 1,300 jobs while cutting 100 jobs in one of the SDP
    plants. While engineering jobs are carried out for a wide variety of
    customers, much of the manufacturing output is destined for Daimler-Chrysler.
    Recently, major orders were also received from BMW's Rover subsidiary, from
    Opel and Saab ( the two General Motors subsidiaries), and from Volkswagen.
    The latter order is expected to create another 300 jobs. Magna, however, is
    threatening to divert the investment to Hungary or Germany because it feels
    that its welcome in Austria has soured and its treatment has become unfair.

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    The president of the Confederation of British Industry (CBI), Sir Clive
    Thompson, has sparked controversy by warning that the much-discussed concept
    of partnership may be hiding a "damaging build-up of trade union influence".
    His remarks, made in a speech to an audience of employers on 23 June 1999,
    have been strongly criticised by union leaders and have highlighted the
    diverging interpretations placed on the idea of partnership by different
    groups of practitioners and policymakers. The Trades Union Congress (TUC) has
    been actively promoting the concept of union-based partnership at work, but
    the government and employers' organisations are unwilling to accept that
    partnership arrangements necessarily require union involvement (UK9906108F
    [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/tucs-partnership-agenda-wins-qualified-support-from-government-and-employers

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    In July 1999, sectoral trade unions and employers' associations signed a new
    national collective agreement for Italy's banking industry. The main
    innovations in the deal concern the redefinition of the area covered by the
    agreement, the creation of a new "executive middle managers" category, the
    renewal of the industrial relations system, working time reduction and pay
    increases.

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    As is the case every year on the same date, the hourly rate of France's
    statutory minimum wage (SMIC) was increased on 1 July 1999. In light of the
    move to the statutory 35-hour working week on 1 January 2000, the government
    deviated from its practice of announcing a greater increase in the SMIC than
    that provided for by the legislation. The creation of of a wage supplement
    for those employees who have moved to the 35-hour week means that there will
    be two parallel monthly SMIC rates for some time.

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    A survey of the most important collective agreements signed in the
    Netherlands so far in 1999, published in June, finds moderate average pay
    increases of 2.7%. The number of agreements on training, flexible pension
    schemes and the accumulation time off has increased in recent years. While
    employers and, to a lesser extent, trade unions are in agreement on the
    issues to be addressed in negotiations during the coming year, both sides
    criticise aspects of the Netherlands' consultation and consensus-based system
    - the "polder model".

Series

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

Forthcoming publications