Publications

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  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    In July 1999, the joint employer-trade union administrative board of France's
    National Sickness Insurance Fund (CNAM) approved, by a large majority, a
    strategic reform plan. This package of measures is designed to reduce
    spending and improve the quality of healthcare. CNAM hopes that the
    government will give legislative effect to the plan.

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    In June 1999, the Greek General Confederation of Labour (GSEE) expressed its
    total opposition to proposals from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to
    reduce the wages of new entrants to the labour market and to cut labour
    costs.

  • CAR
    27 Luglio 1999

    /It seems inevitable that increasing economic integration and competition
    within Europe will have some influence on national collective bargaining. The
    aim of this comparative study is to provide an assessment, as of summer 1999,
    of the extent to which the processes and outcomes of bargaining in the 15
    Member States of the EU, plus Norway, are developing a cross-border, European
    dimension. The study outlines the diverse processes, both implicit and
    explicit, which can be said to be leading towards a "Europeanisation" of
    collective bargaining. Developments across the 16 countries concerned are
    examined at intersectoral, sectoral and enterprise levels, with a special
    focus on metalworking and financial services, and the views of the social
    partners are summarised./

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    An informal Labour and Social Affairs Council of Ministers meeting was held
    under the Finnish Presidency in Oulu, Finland from 8 to 10 July 1999, with
    the participation of the European-level social partners and the European
    Parliament. In line with the priorities of Finnish labour market policy in
    recent years (FI9708125F [1]), the Finnish government - which took over the
    EU Presidency in July 1999 - was keen to shift the focus of labour market
    policy away from youth unemployment towards the problems facing older
    workers. Ministers expressed concern at the lack of older workers in the
    labour market.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-social-policies/finland-launches-a-five-year-national-programme-for-older-workers

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) held its ninth Statutory
    Congress in Helsinki from 29 June to 2 July 1999 (EU9907182F [1]). The event
    coincided with the beginning of Finland's six-month term in the EU Presidency
    and on 1 July a delegation presented a memorandum to the Finnish Prime
    Minister and EU President in Office, Paavo Lipponen. The delegation consisted
    of the ETUC president, Fritz Verzetnitsch, and general secretary, Emilio
    Gabaglio, plus Lauri Ihalainen, chair of the Central Organisation of Finnish
    Trade Unions (Suomen Ammattiliittojen Keskusjärjestö, SAK), Esa Swanljung,
    chair of the Finnish Confederation of Salaried Employees
    (Toimihenkilökeskusjärjestö, STTK) and Risto Piekka, chair of the
    Confederation of Unions for Academic Professionals (Akateemisten
    Toimihenkilöiden Keskusjärjestö, AKAVA). The memorandum sets out ETUC's
    demands, proposals and recommendations for the EU Presidency.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market/ninth-etuc-congress-calls-for-a-european-system-of-industrial-relations

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    On 2 July 1999, the provisions of the Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998 [1]
    were brought into force, one year after receiving Royal Assent (UK9807137N
    [2]). The Act has been described as the most far-reaching "whistleblowing"
    legislation in the world. It provides remedies to workers who are dismissed
    or subjected to detriment by their employer for making certain categories of
    disclosure, ie a disclosure of information which, in the reasonable belief of
    the worker making the disclosure, concerns:

    [1] http://www.hmso.gov.uk/acts/acts1998/19980023.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/whistleblowers-charter-becomes-law

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    In June 1999, an agreement was signed on the reorganisation of Rome's public
    environmental services company, Ama, leading to differences between the three
    main trade union confederations. Cisl and Uil disagree with Cgil on the way
    in which 2,200 people will be recruited by the newly-established company, Ama
    city.

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    Negotiations have been going on for several months between the Belgian
    Bankers' Association (BVB/ABB) and the various trade unions involved -
    ACV/CSC, ABVV/FGTB and ACLVB/CGSLB- on a new national collective agreement
    for the banking sector. However, the talks became completely deadlocked in
    June 1999. The trade unions had already called several short stoppages and
    lightning strikes, but discontent about the failure to secure an agreement
    continued to mount and a one-day national strike was organised by the unions
    for 9 July.

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    The total number of requests to terminate employment contracts declined in
    the Netherlands in 1998, according to the Annual Report on termination
    statistics, issued in summer 1999. However, the number of requests related to
    occupational disability has increased.

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    The ninth European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) Congress held in Helsinki
    from 29 June to 2 July 1999 (EU9907182F [1]) arguably indicated the European
    trade union movement's wish for far-reaching harmonisation in the area of
    social and employment policy. In the eyes of Danish public debate, the
    Congress presented an emerging picture of a trade union movement which wants
    to head a process towards, if not the "United Nations of Europe", then at
    least a strengthening of the federal features of the European Union. Even
    though the Danish public's attitude towards the EU has grown more positive
    (DK9906127F [2]), there is general scepticism about an extensive process of
    integration. This became evident at the European Parliament elections in June
    1999, at which the Danish parties and movements which are directly opposed
    to, or strongly sceptical towards, the EU maintained their support.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market/ninth-etuc-congress-calls-for-a-european-system-of-industrial-relations
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-business/social-partners-consider-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-the-euro

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2020

    ​Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2020, the seventh edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications