Publications

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, r...Read more

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

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Latest publications

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    Since coming to power in May 1997 (UK9704125F [1]), the Labour government has
    placed a strong emphasis upon skills policies. The government sees
    "upskilling" not only as an answer to problems of economic competitiveness
    and the UK's generally poor record on productivity (UK9902182F [2]), but also
    as a means of engendering greater social inclusion and cohesion. The main
    thrust of the government's skills policies over the past two years has
    centred on the education system, with further reform of the national
    curriculum in schools, a policy of "naming and shaming" schools that are seen
    to be failing, additional growth in student numbers in further and higher
    education, and an increase in educational spending. In the field of training,
    the scope and scale of changes has been more limited, but many of the
    developments here have significant implications for the social partners. Here
    we provide an overview of the most significant of these developments as they
    relate to the employed workforce (as distinct from the range of measures
    being pursued under the banner of "welfare to work" which aim to help
    unemployed people back into work via jobs, education, training or work
    experience).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market/the-industrial-relations-consequences-of-the-new-labour-government
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market-business/productivity-competitiveness-and-the-knowledge-driven-economy-a-new-agenda

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In June 1999, the social partners in the woodworking and furniture sector of
    Italy's north-eastern regions signed an agreement which aims at modifying the
    pay system through a lower tax levy, and at introducing flexible working
    hours. This new inter-regional collective bargaining level represents a
    further development of the Italian bargaining process.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    Over the two-year period 1997-9, the social partners in Vienna and its city
    government have joined forces to develop a more innovative approach to
    Austria's most problem-ridden and least responsive labour market. In 1997 it
    contained more than half of the unemployed people whose unemployment lasted
    longer than 12 months and 42% of those whose unemployment lasted more than
    six months. The number of people registered as unemployed at some time over
    the year had risen by 1.4% over the 1996 level and made up 23% of the
    Austrian total, roughly equivalent to the capital's share in employment.
    However, the average number of people registered as unemployed stood at 29%
    of the Austrian total. Employment kept being created outside the city limits,
    centred in particular on the airport and the shopping and business parks.
    Industrial employment was continually being relocated to "greenfield" sites.
    No end to these structural disadvantages seemed in sight.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In April 1999, the Dutch social partners reached agreement within the Labour
    Foundation on a framework for the further individualisation of terms of
    employment. Whilst the essential lines of collective agreements will be
    retained under the Foundation's recommendations, certain conditions of
    employment may be swapped within a company on a "multiple-choice" basis.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    On 2-6 May 1998, industrial action was organised at Arlanda airport, near
    Stockholm, by the Swedish Transport Workers' Union (Svenska
    Transportarbetareförbundet, Transport) in support of Danish workers who were
    then engaged in a major nationwide strike (DK9805168F [1]). In a blockade,
    the union's members at the airport refused to load and unload luggage, reload
    food supplies and refuel aircraft which had been diverted to Arlanda from
    Denmark (SE9805186F [2]). On 19 May 1999, the Swedish Labour Court held
    (/1999/65/) that the industrial action had been entirely in line with trade
    union procedures.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/parliament-intervenes-to-end-major-conflict
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/swedish-sympathy-action-for-danish-workers-challenged-in-the-labour-court

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    On 4 June 1999, CGT and CFDT, the majority trade unions at France's SNCF rail
    network, signed an agreement with the management on the reduction of working
    time. This agreement, rejected by the other unions, had been the subject of a
    referendum among the company's staff organised by management and the two
    largest unions.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In May 1999, in response to a request from the Greek government,
    representatives of trade unions and employers' organisations lodged their
    proposals for the 1999 National Action Plan (NAP) on employment to implement
    the EU Employment Guidelines. Here we focus on the proposals aimed at
    encouraging the adaptability of businesses and their employees.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In June 1999, Spanish unions called a strike to demand the implementation of
    the 1998-2005 coal mining plan, signed in July 1997. The strike received
    massive support among the 20,000 coal miners, but the government criticised
    the unions for exaggerating the problems.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    On 14 June 1999, the UK government launched a new, non-statutory code of
    practice to encourage employers to adopt policies designed to avoid age
    discrimination in employment. The code - Age diversity in employment [1]-
    covers good practice in six areas of the employment "cycle", urging employers
    to:

    [1] http://www.dfee.gov.uk/agediversity/practice.htm

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    June 1999 saw the conclusion of new national agreements for Italy's key
    metalworking and food industries. The most innovative aspects of the deals
    concern pay increases, the role of Rsu representative bodies in decentralised
    bargaining, and the reduction and management of working time.

Series

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

Forthcoming publications