Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, r...Read more

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

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  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In June 1999, the social partners in the woodworking and furniture sector of
    Italy's north-eastern regions signed an agreement which aims at modifying the
    pay system through a lower tax levy, and at introducing flexible working
    hours. This new inter-regional collective bargaining level represents a
    further development of the Italian bargaining process.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In April 1999, the Dutch social partners reached agreement within the Labour
    Foundation on a framework for the further individualisation of terms of
    employment. Whilst the essential lines of collective agreements will be
    retained under the Foundation's recommendations, certain conditions of
    employment may be swapped within a company on a "multiple-choice" basis.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    Over the two-year period 1997-9, the social partners in Vienna and its city
    government have joined forces to develop a more innovative approach to
    Austria's most problem-ridden and least responsive labour market. In 1997 it
    contained more than half of the unemployed people whose unemployment lasted
    longer than 12 months and 42% of those whose unemployment lasted more than
    six months. The number of people registered as unemployed at some time over
    the year had risen by 1.4% over the 1996 level and made up 23% of the
    Austrian total, roughly equivalent to the capital's share in employment.
    However, the average number of people registered as unemployed stood at 29%
    of the Austrian total. Employment kept being created outside the city limits,
    centred in particular on the airport and the shopping and business parks.
    Industrial employment was continually being relocated to "greenfield" sites.
    No end to these structural disadvantages seemed in sight.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    On 4 June 1999, CGT and CFDT, the majority trade unions at France's SNCF rail
    network, signed an agreement with the management on the reduction of working
    time. This agreement, rejected by the other unions, had been the subject of a
    referendum among the company's staff organised by management and the two
    largest unions.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In May 1999, in response to a request from the Greek government,
    representatives of trade unions and employers' organisations lodged their
    proposals for the 1999 National Action Plan (NAP) on employment to implement
    the EU Employment Guidelines. Here we focus on the proposals aimed at
    encouraging the adaptability of businesses and their employees.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In June 1999, Spanish unions called a strike to demand the implementation of
    the 1998-2005 coal mining plan, signed in July 1997. The strike received
    massive support among the 20,000 coal miners, but the government criticised
    the unions for exaggerating the problems.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    Two mediators, Mr Ingemar Mundebo and Mr Gunnar Samuelsson, had been having
    intense contacts throughout a week in the middle of June with the pay
    negotiators from the Coach Employers' Association (Bussarbetsgivarna, BUA)
    and the Swedish Transport Workers' Union (Svenska
    Transportarbetareförbundet, Transport). Transport had given notice of a ban
    on overtime and a boycott of any new charter tourist traffic. The industrial
    action was due to commence on 22 June 1999.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    On 14 June 1999, the UK government launched a new, non-statutory code of
    practice to encourage employers to adopt policies designed to avoid age
    discrimination in employment. The code - Age diversity in employment [1]-
    covers good practice in six areas of the employment "cycle", urging employers


  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    June 1999 saw the conclusion of new national agreements for Italy's key
    metalworking and food industries. The most innovative aspects of the deals
    concern pay increases, the role of Rsu representative bodies in decentralised
    bargaining, and the reduction and management of working time.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In anticipation of a debate scheduled for the end of June 1999 in the Lower
    House of the Dutch Parliament, the Netherlands' largest employers'
    association, VNO/NCW, is pushing for fundamental change in the social
    security structure. It believes that the new system should offer a flat-rate
    benefit at subsistence level as a safety net. In addition, employees should
    be assigned "personal responsibility" and have the option of taking out
    additional insurance against loss of income.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications