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  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    In 1998's rather favourable economic climate, collective bargaining in France
    was dominated by the reduction of working time, according to the Ministry for
    Employment and Solidarity's annual bargaining report, published in June 1999.
    Other trends recorded included: intersectoral bargaining falling off to an
    extremely low point; a recovery in the amount of sector-level bargaining at
    the end of the year; and considerable growth in company-level bargaining.

  • Article
    27 Luglio 1999

    In June 1999, the Greek General Confederation of Labour (GSEE) and the
    Confederation of Public Servants (ADEDY) officially adopted a position in
    favour of applying a "Tobin tax" to short-term capital movements.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In May 1999, France's Ministry for Employment and Solidarity published an
    initial progress report on the 1998 law on the 35-hour working week, aimed at
    fueling discussions on the second law on the issue, which is to be voted on
    by the end of 1999. On 21 June, Martine Aubry, the Minister concerned,
    publicly announced the principal outlines of the proposed second law. She
    plans a one-year transition period between the law being passed and its
    coming into effect, while her comments have triggered a debate on the
    legitimacy of the agreements on working time signed by minority trade unions.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    Worker representatives and the management of Michelin in Spain have used
    collective bargaining to adapt prevailing legislation to their own
    circumstances, by creating a contractual formula half way between the
    full-time and the part-time employment contract. The result, agreed in June
    1998, is a permanent contract that allows full-time workers to be switched to
    part-time work in line with production requirements. The agreement stresses
    the participation of worker representatives in this process. The agreement
    permitted 400 new permanent contracts to be signed by June 1999.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    Ireland's largest trade union, SIPTU, and the Danish-owned multinational
    cleaning company, ISS, have concluded a formal "partnership" agreement,
    believed to be the first of its kind within the industry, it was reported in
    June 1999. The company has been in business for almost 100 years, starting as
    a small security operation in Denmark, and is currently a major Europe-wide
    company, with important operations in Asia and South America, and has over
    100,000 employees worldwide. When ISS established its European Works Council
    in 1995, it was one of the first such bodies in the services sector to
    include representation from Ireland. ISS is the second-largest contract
    cleaning company in Ireland but it has a very high rate of turnover among its
    2,500 staff, which it is urgently seeking to address. The new agreement,
    which is also aimed at staff retention, is likely to be examined by other
    firms with high staff turnover problems.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    Territorial Employment Pacts (TEP s) are an EU initiative aimed at
    stabilising local and regional labour markets in selected European regions by
    promoting consensus and cooperation between all relevant local actors. In
    mid-1999, there are seven TEPs operational in six of Austria's nine
    provinces. The agreement on an eighth pact is expected by September 1999. In
    the two remaining provinces, Burgenland and Styria, TEPs are under
    preparation. Burgenland, which stretches along the Hungarian border, is the
    poorest province and has the highest unemployment rate, whilst Styria has the
    highest rate of long-term unemployment outside Vienna. The first three TEPs
    were initiated in the three westernmost provinces, all of which have
    relatively low unemployment. However, all three experienced a surge of
    long-term unemployment in 1997. The fourth, also initiated in 1997, covers
    Vienna [1] where unemployment is above the national average. These four pacts
    will all expire at the end of 1999 but will be renewed. The fifth pact, also
    in Vienna, and the only one linked explicitly to Austria's National Action
    Plan [2] (NAP) for employment implementing the EU Employment Guidelines [3]
    (AT9901120F [4]), took effect in autumn 1998 and will run until the end of
    2004. The shortest-term pact covers Upper Austria- it is limited to the
    calendar year 1999 but will also be renewed. The TEP in Carinthia is
    scheduled to run for four years from the beginning of 1999 to the end of
    2002. The TEP for Lower Austria will run from the beginning of 2000 until the
    end of 2004.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/pacts/en/list/63.htm
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/naps99/napau_en.pdf
    [3] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/empl99/guide_en.htm
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/labour-market-undefined/national-action-plan-on-employment-poses-challenges

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    A new Bill presented to parliament on 6 May 1999 provides a new definition of
    "occupational healthcare" in the Swedish Work Environment Act
    (arbetsmiljölagen, /SFS 1977:1160, 2b§/
    ). It states that the employer should be responsible for making arrangements
    for all kinds of occupational healthcare required by the working conditions
    at the specific workplace. By "occupational healthcare", the law means an
    independent expert resource in the areas of the work environment and
    rehabilitation. Occupational healthcare should be designed so as to prevent
    health risks in workplaces and to outline the links between the work
    environment, organisation, productivity and health. The new paragraph will
    become operative from 1 January 2000.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    On 24 May 1999, the Trades Union Congress (TUC) held a major conference to
    promote "partnership" at the workplace and to showcase some of the more
    innovative of recent, union-based partnership agreements. The event was
    attended by some 400 managers, policymakers and trade union representatives.
    Of particular significance was the participation in the conference of the
    Prime Minister, the trade and industry secretary and the director-general of
    the Confederation of British Industry (CBI), all of whom supported the spread
    of partnership arrangements though they stopped short of endorsing every
    specific aspect of the TUC's partnership agenda.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    Italy is celebrating the Millennium with a year of "Great Jubilee"
    celebrations during 2000. In June 1999 the social partners signed a "protocol
    of intent" on a "social truce" for 2000. The text sets out the partners'
    strategies, objectives and commitments for starting the new Millennium in a
    climate of social peace.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2020

    ​Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2020, the seventh edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications

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