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  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    The management of Iveco-Pegaso, the Spanish vehicle manufacturer, will
    convert temporary posts into permanent ones, but only on condition that the
    workers' committee accepts an automatic dismissal clause for the workers on
    the new contracts in the event of a fall in production. Over May-July 1999,
    trade unions in the company organised a series of strikes in protest.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    After three weeks of industrial action, which forced the closure of the major
    national museums and historic sites, staff at France's Ministry for Culture
    protesting at job insecurity called a halt to their strike in early June
    1999, until the forthcoming budget negotiations. They accepted a protocol
    agreement, which provides for a five-year plan to turn temporary jobs into
    stable employment.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    According to an Irish Business and Employers Confederation (IBEC) survey,
    published on 22 June 1999, Irish companies are introducing a range of
    "partnership"-type measures in cooperation with their employees (IE9811264N
    [1]). The survey was based in a sample of 400 enterprises - all with 50 or
    more employees - and employing a total of 207,847 workers between them. The
    vast majority are private sector companies but there is also an unspecified
    number of commercial semi-state and non-commercial state organisations.
    Unionised and non-unionised companies are both included, across all regions,
    sectors and sizes.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/partnership-deals-signposts-to-the-future

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In April 1999, the Dutch social partners reached agreement within the Labour
    Foundation on a framework for the further individualisation of terms of
    employment. Whilst the essential lines of collective agreements will be
    retained under the Foundation's recommendations, certain conditions of
    employment may be swapped within a company on a "multiple-choice" basis.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    Over the two-year period 1997-9, the social partners in Vienna and its city
    government have joined forces to develop a more innovative approach to
    Austria's most problem-ridden and least responsive labour market. In 1997 it
    contained more than half of the unemployed people whose unemployment lasted
    longer than 12 months and 42% of those whose unemployment lasted more than
    six months. The number of people registered as unemployed at some time over
    the year had risen by 1.4% over the 1996 level and made up 23% of the
    Austrian total, roughly equivalent to the capital's share in employment.
    However, the average number of people registered as unemployed stood at 29%
    of the Austrian total. Employment kept being created outside the city limits,
    centred in particular on the airport and the shopping and business parks.
    Industrial employment was continually being relocated to "greenfield" sites.
    No end to these structural disadvantages seemed in sight.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    On 2-6 May 1998, industrial action was organised at Arlanda airport, near
    Stockholm, by the Swedish Transport Workers' Union (Svenska
    Transportarbetareförbundet, Transport) in support of Danish workers who were
    then engaged in a major nationwide strike (DK9805168F [1]). In a blockade,
    the union's members at the airport refused to load and unload luggage, reload
    food supplies and refuel aircraft which had been diverted to Arlanda from
    Denmark (SE9805186F [2]). On 19 May 1999, the Swedish Labour Court held
    (/1999/65/) that the industrial action had been entirely in line with trade
    union procedures.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/parliament-intervenes-to-end-major-conflict
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/swedish-sympathy-action-for-danish-workers-challenged-in-the-labour-court

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    Since coming to power in May 1997 (UK9704125F [1]), the Labour government has
    placed a strong emphasis upon skills policies. The government sees
    "upskilling" not only as an answer to problems of economic competitiveness
    and the UK's generally poor record on productivity (UK9902182F [2]), but also
    as a means of engendering greater social inclusion and cohesion. The main
    thrust of the government's skills policies over the past two years has
    centred on the education system, with further reform of the national
    curriculum in schools, a policy of "naming and shaming" schools that are seen
    to be failing, additional growth in student numbers in further and higher
    education, and an increase in educational spending. In the field of training,
    the scope and scale of changes has been more limited, but many of the
    developments here have significant implications for the social partners. Here
    we provide an overview of the most significant of these developments as they
    relate to the employed workforce (as distinct from the range of measures
    being pursued under the banner of "welfare to work" which aim to help
    unemployed people back into work via jobs, education, training or work
    experience).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market/the-industrial-relations-consequences-of-the-new-labour-government
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market-business/productivity-competitiveness-and-the-knowledge-driven-economy-a-new-agenda

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In June 1999, the social partners in the woodworking and furniture sector of
    Italy's north-eastern regions signed an agreement which aims at modifying the
    pay system through a lower tax levy, and at introducing flexible working
    hours. This new inter-regional collective bargaining level represents a
    further development of the Italian bargaining process.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In June 1999, Spanish unions called a strike to demand the implementation of
    the 1998-2005 coal mining plan, signed in July 1997. The strike received
    massive support among the 20,000 coal miners, but the government criticised
    the unions for exaggerating the problems.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    On 4 June 1999, CGT and CFDT, the majority trade unions at France's SNCF rail
    network, signed an agreement with the management on the reduction of working
    time. This agreement, rejected by the other unions, had been the subject of a
    referendum among the company's staff organised by management and the two
    largest unions.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2020

    ​Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2020, the seventh edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications