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  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    The 13th women's congress of the Austrian Trade Union Federation
    (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB) was held on 8-10 June 1999. A
    whole series of demands were raised and formally passed by the delegates,
    with equal opportunities for women at the centre of concerns. The demands
    include the following.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In late June 1999, employees at Elf Exploration Production in France had been
    on strike for over two months in protest at a planned restructuring of their
    company. In light of the impact this would have on the regional economy of
    Pau, many local elected representatives have come out in support of the
    striking workers.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In late May 1999, after four months of difficult bargaining, a new sectoral
    collective agreement was signed regulating pay and working conditions for
    employees in banks throughout Greece for the years 1999 and 2000. The new
    agreement, which is regarded as one of the most important of recent years,
    introduces for the first time the pilot implementation of a 35-hour working
    week in banks.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In discussing the future development of the labour market and industrial
    relations, the debate is usually littered with "buzzwords" such as new forms
    of work organisation, group-managed work, the quality and meaning of working
    life, greater interrelation between family life and working life,
    decentralisation of the collective bargaining system and flexibility. But
    what do these concepts of new forms of work organisation entail? What are the
    forms of flexibility which are being aimed at? What demands do employers make
    of employees and vice versa, and how are they to be met? And what role do
    trade unions and employers' organisations play in connection with new forms
    of work organisation?

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    On 23 June 1999, the trade and industry secretary Stephen Byers announced
    details of a GBP 152 million aid package to secure nearly 9,000 jobs at the
    Rover car plant at Longbridge near Birmingham. Rover is owned by the
    German-based motor manufacturing group, BMW. The package is made up of GBP
    129 million from central government as "Regional Selective Assistance",
    supplemented by a local contribution of GBP 23 million from Birmingham City
    Council, the local Training and Enterprise Council and the new Regional
    Development Agency. The central government component will be phased over six
    instalments, ending in 2004, and is linked to the achievement of productivity
    guarantees by the company.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    A survey by researchers at the "Bocconi University" of Milan, published in
    June 1999, indicates that the burden of social security contributions in
    Italy is higher than that in France, Germany, Spain and the UK.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    Filing for a company's bankruptcy or petitioning for the suspension of
    payments usually spells trouble for its workers, but a Dutch case at the
    beginning of June 1999 suggests that it can also provide an effective way for
    employees and their representatives to bring pressure to bear on their

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    The European social dialogue in the private security industry between the
    European Confederation of Security Services (CoESS) on the employer side and
    the European Regional Organisation of the International Federation of
    Commercial, Clerical, Professional and Technical Employees (Euro-FIET) on the
    employee side, is a relatively recent addition to the sectoral social
    dialogue process, with an informal working group having been established at
    Community level in 1993 (EU9902150F [1]). The initiation of a dialogue at the
    European level was partly a reflection of the increasing importance of the
    sector in providing internal security functions which had previously been
    provided by state authorities. The sector also featured among the "new
    sources of employment" pinpointed in the 1993 White Paper on Growth,
    competitiveness and employment [2]. Between 500,000 and 1 million staff are
    currently employed in this sector, which includes diverse tasks such as the
    guarding of industrial sites, shops, public buildings and money transport.
    There is apparently a strong commitment among both sides of the industry to
    make progress in the European sectoral social dialogue and there are many
    common concerns, particularly in relation to the "professionalisation" of the
    sector and concern over damaging lowest-price competition.


  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    A collective agreement to cover wage earners employed by temporary work
    agencies whilst not actually hired out to user companies became an important
    demand of the Austrian Trade Union Federation (Österreichischer
    Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB) during the 1990s. At the beginning of July 1998,
    there were 20,772 agency workers hired out by 742 agencies to 6,408
    employers. While this number was very small it had risen from 8,000 since the
    summer of 1989. The salary earners amongst the agency workers - 18% of the
    total - are covered by a collective agreement, but the wage earners are not.
    The main issue is the wage whilst not actually hired out, and a somewhat
    lesser issue is the specification of wage entitlements once working for an


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications