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  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In late June 1999, employees at Elf Exploration Production in France had been
    on strike for over two months in protest at a planned restructuring of their
    company. In light of the impact this would have on the regional economy of
    Pau, many local elected representatives have come out in support of the
    striking workers.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In late May 1999, after four months of difficult bargaining, a new sectoral
    collective agreement was signed regulating pay and working conditions for
    employees in banks throughout Greece for the years 1999 and 2000. The new
    agreement, which is regarded as one of the most important of recent years,
    introduces for the first time the pilot implementation of a 35-hour working
    week in banks.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    Filing for a company's bankruptcy or petitioning for the suspension of
    payments usually spells trouble for its workers, but a Dutch case at the
    beginning of June 1999 suggests that it can also provide an effective way for
    employees and their representatives to bring pressure to bear on their
    employer.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    The European social dialogue in the private security industry between the
    European Confederation of Security Services (CoESS) on the employer side and
    the European Regional Organisation of the International Federation of
    Commercial, Clerical, Professional and Technical Employees (Euro-FIET) on the
    employee side, is a relatively recent addition to the sectoral social
    dialogue process, with an informal working group having been established at
    Community level in 1993 (EU9902150F [1]). The initiation of a dialogue at the
    European level was partly a reflection of the increasing importance of the
    sector in providing internal security functions which had previously been
    provided by state authorities. The sector also featured among the "new
    sources of employment" pinpointed in the 1993 White Paper on Growth,
    competitiveness and employment [2]. Between 500,000 and 1 million staff are
    currently employed in this sector, which includes diverse tasks such as the
    guarding of industrial sites, shops, public buildings and money transport.
    There is apparently a strong commitment among both sides of the industry to
    make progress in the European sectoral social dialogue and there are many
    common concerns, particularly in relation to the "professionalisation" of the
    sector and concern over damaging lowest-price competition.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/new-era-in-sectoral-social-dialogue-takes-shape
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/en/record/white/c93700/contents.html

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    A collective agreement to cover wage earners employed by temporary work
    agencies whilst not actually hired out to user companies became an important
    demand of the Austrian Trade Union Federation (Österreichischer
    Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB) during the 1990s. At the beginning of July 1998,
    there were 20,772 agency workers hired out by 742 agencies to 6,408
    employers. While this number was very small it had risen from 8,000 since the
    summer of 1989. The salary earners amongst the agency workers - 18% of the
    total - are covered by a collective agreement, but the wage earners are not.
    The main issue is the wage whilst not actually hired out, and a somewhat
    lesser issue is the specification of wage entitlements once working for an
    employer.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    Employers and trade unions in Belgium have taken differing views over the
    dioxin food contamination scandal that erupted in May 1999. While employers
    stress administrative incompetence and the absence of controls on food
    production, the unions have focused on lack of funds and the need to review
    the criteria for subsidies to the food and agriculture industries.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    In discussing the future development of the labour market and industrial
    relations, the debate is usually littered with "buzzwords" such as new forms
    of work organisation, group-managed work, the quality and meaning of working
    life, greater interrelation between family life and working life,
    decentralisation of the collective bargaining system and flexibility. But
    what do these concepts of new forms of work organisation entail? What are the
    forms of flexibility which are being aimed at? What demands do employers make
    of employees and vice versa, and how are they to be met? And what role do
    trade unions and employers' organisations play in connection with new forms
    of work organisation?

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    On 23 June 1999, the trade and industry secretary Stephen Byers announced
    details of a GBP 152 million aid package to secure nearly 9,000 jobs at the
    Rover car plant at Longbridge near Birmingham. Rover is owned by the
    German-based motor manufacturing group, BMW. The package is made up of GBP
    129 million from central government as "Regional Selective Assistance",
    supplemented by a local contribution of GBP 23 million from Birmingham City
    Council, the local Training and Enterprise Council and the new Regional
    Development Agency. The central government component will be phased over six
    instalments, ending in 2004, and is linked to the achievement of productivity
    guarantees by the company.

  • Article
    27 Giugno 1999

    A survey by researchers at the "Bocconi University" of Milan, published in
    June 1999, indicates that the burden of social security contributions in
    Italy is higher than that in France, Germany, Spain and the UK.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2020

    ​Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2020, the seventh edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications