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  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    At the beginning of May 1997, the State Prosecutor's consultative committee
    issued a report questioning the legality of the provision of a state
    guarantee for a bank loan made to the General Workers' Union (União Geral
    dos Trabalhadores, UGT). A final decision on whether to take legal action to
    ascertain the legality of the action is now expected from the State
    Prosecutor.

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    On 30 April 1997 the Ring of Free Labour (Ring Freiheitlicher Arbeitnehmer,
    RFA), a group affiliated with the Austrian Freedom Party (Freiheitliche
    Partei Österreichs, FPÖ), held its federal congress. One of the points of
    debate was whether to develop into a trade union outside the Austrian Trade
    Union Federation (Österreichische Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB). Since 1945 there
    have been no trade unions outside the ÖGB. The debate was triggered by the
    RFA's failure to achieve caucus status in the ÖGB. The minimum requirement
    of at least four affiliated works council members in each of at least three
    trade unions has not been met.

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    Part-time workers have traditionally not been allowed into the same
    occupational pension schemes as full-time workers, but because there are far
    more women than men among part-timers the practice was challenged on the
    grounds of sex discrimination through the European Court of Justice (ECJ). In
    1994, the ECJ ruled in a set of linked cases that the practice did amount to
    sex discrimination. The judgment was not welcomed by the then Conservative
    Government, so the Trades Union Congress (TUC) advised qualifying individuals
    that they should register their cases with industrial tribunals. After a
    number of test cases in the UK tribunals, it was ruled that part-timers who
    had been denied access to occupational pension schemes could not claim
    backdated pension rights any further back that two years prior to the ECJ's
    ruling - that is, 1992. After appeals were turned down, the cases are still
    waiting to be heard by the House of Lords.

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    The importance of continuing vocational education is increasingly being
    recognised by policy-makers across the European Union, not only because of
    its positive impact on maintaining the competitiveness of enterprises, but
    also because of its potential contribution to the free movement of labour and
    the improvement of employment prospects. This is particularly important in
    the context of the evolving "information society". The Commission has given
    particular emphasis and resources to continuing training through its
    vocational training programme, LEONARDO, and in declaring 1996 the European
    Year of Lifelong Learning.

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    Occupational pension schemes are becoming more and more important in Italy
    even though their full implementation is still difficult, both because the
    legal framework has not yet been consolidated, and because their form and
    content must be defined by the social partners through collective bargaining.
    The latter point still remains problematic, as no agreement has yet been
    reached as to whether pension schemes should be developed at national or
    local level. Nevertheless, evidence from recent collective bargaining at
    national and local levels shows that occupational pension scheme issues are
    growing in importance.

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    Two separate committees - a group of professors appointed by the Government
    and a committee of economists from the Finnish social partners - published
    reports in early May 1997 on the industrial relations implications of EU
    Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) for Finland The social partners themselves
    have adopted a joint declaration on EMU membership.

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    In elections held in April 1997, a joint list of socialist and communist
    trade unionists narrowly won control of Portugal's South and Islands Banking
    Union (Sindicato dos Bancários do Sul e Ilhas, SBSI), which will continue to
    be affiliated to the General Workers' Union (União Geral de Trabalhadores,
    UGT).

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    "Negotiate a reduction of working time - or else public opinion will force
    through legislation". That was the message in an article written jointly by
    Prime MinisterGöran Persson and the chair of the Swedish Metal Workers'
    Union, Göran Johnsson, and published in the evening paper /Aftonbladet/ on
    28 April 1997. Considering that one of the authors is the Prime Minister of
    Sweden, it could be seen as a veiled threat to the employers. In the 1997
    bargaining round, several trade unions called for a cut in working hours, and
    the employers consistently rejected them.

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    The hard core of the strike threat are 10,000 civil servants in internal
    revenue collection and in the customs service. They have two complaints:

  • Article
    27 Maggio 1997

    The first of the two recently-announced mergers, which is to take effect from
    1 July 1997, is between the National and Provincial Building Society Staff
    Association (NAPSA) and the Banking, Insurance and Finance Union (BIFU). The
    National and Provincial Building Society was recently taken over by the Abbey
    National, but NAPSA members voted to become part of BIFU rather than the
    Abbey National's own staff association. Despite the strong support for BIFU
    from NAPSA members, the company has refused to recognise the union. BIFU said
    that "in the merger and conversion mania which is sweeping this country there
    is little regard for the impact on staff. They are the casualties - that's
    why it is important for unions to work together". BIFU, which has 115,000
    members, hope that this will be the first of many mergers which will ensure
    it a stronger role in the financial sector.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications

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