Publications

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Latest publications

  • Report
    30 Novembre 2018

    A living wage has been defined as a measure of income that allows an employee a basic but socially acceptable standard of living. In recent decades, living wage initiatives have emerged in a small number of mainly English-speaking countries, including the UK and Ireland. These initiatives have developed in response to the inadequacy of income for many working households reliant on existing statutory minimum wage rates.

  • Report
    29 Novembre 2018

    This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the commerce sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements.

  • Report
    29 Novembre 2018

    This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the inland water transport sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements.

  • Article
    22 Novembre 2018

    The agreement between the government and trade unions to enter into a substantive dialogue to resolve disputes in the education sector, the huge increase in workplace-related accidents and the waste collectors’ strike in the Municipality of Strovolos are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Cyprus in the third quarter of 2018.

  • Article
    22 Novembre 2018

    Labour force shortages, companies’ attitudes about the union proposal to shorten working hours and discussions over the minimum wage and wage increases are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in the Czech Republic in the third quarter of 2018.

  • Article
    22 Novembre 2018

    The current labour market situation in Germany, the government’s planned skilled labour migration act and other reforms are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Germany in the third quarter of 2018.

  • Article
    22 Novembre 2018

    Increasing tension over pension reform, a new decision on the representativeness of high-level trade union organisations and strike action and prohibited strike action are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Croatia in the third quarter of 2018.

  • Article
    22 Novembre 2018

    New provisions for temporary employment, changes to the compensation rules in the event of unlawful dismissal and a collective agreement on the acquisition of the ILVA steel plants are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Italy in the third quarter of 2018.

  • Article
    22 Novembre 2018

    The resolution of a long-running dispute between Ryanair and pilots, a recommendation to increase the national minimum wage and an agreement on pay equalisation for new public service workers are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Ireland in the third quarter of 2018.

  • Article
    22 Novembre 2018

    The new government appointed in June 2018 has given new momentum to social dialogue, with the launching of several tripartite tables for negotiation and the signature of a Plan for Decent Work. An important element of this plan consists in strengthening the Labour Inspectorate, that trade unions attach a key role in fighting the increase in occupational accidents. The commitment of the new executive with social dialogue is well reflected with the new pensions index system that intends to negotiate with social partners before bringing a proposal to the Parliament.

Series

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications