Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from
research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
In mid-October 2009, the Dutch cabinet announced that the government
coalition parties had reached agreement on raising the retirement age.
Although it came as a surprise that the cabinet should table such a
controversial issue at a time of economic crisis, it is now definite that the
government proposal will be put before the House of Representatives by the
winter of 2009. The three government parties unanimously proposed raising the
retirement age, with the Labour Party (Partij van de Arbeid, PvdA ) also
joining the fold.
In 2005, the European Commission  grew impatient with the persistent
public financial support channelled to Polish shipyards and initiated an
investigation regarding the legality of this state aid. Subsequently, the
Commission repeatedly requested the Polish government to draw up a
restructuring  programme, without noticeable effect. The Commission made
clear – from early to mid 2008 – that Poland should not hope for any
extension of the imminent deadline for submission of the restructuring
programme. Thus, the government twice presented such a programme, with the
principal element of each version being based on privatisation of both
shipyard companies in the northern city of Gdynia and the northwestern city
of Szczecin. Neither of the programmes submitted, however, was positively
reviewed by the European Commission. Ultimately, in November 2008, the
Commission ruled that the state aid transferred to the Gdynia and Szczecin
shipyards was illegal and requested that the beneficiaries repay it
In Malta, virtually the whole public sector – which includes both civil
service and statutory organisations, comprising about 40,600 workers
(National Statistics Office (NSO), 2009) – is covered by sectoral
collective agreements. However, it remained unclear to what extent the
country’s private sector – which comprises some 103,055 workers,
including self-employed persons (NSO, 2009) – is covered by the trade
unions and how significant their presence is in an area where market forces
prevail and where trade unions need to obtain recognition from private
employers for collective bargaining purposes.
On 24 October 2009, the conservative Christian Democratic Party (Christlich
Demokratische Union, CDU ), its Bavarian associate, the Christian Social
Union (Christlich-Soziale Union, CSU ), and the Liberal Democratic Party
(Freie Demokratische Partei, FDP ) reached an agreement (in German, 628Kb
PDF)  to form a new coalition government in Germany. Negotiations to
establish such a conservative-liberal coalition had begun shortly after the
general election held on 27 September 2009 (*DE0910029I* ).
Cases of bankruptcy generally have more serious consequences for the workers who lose their jobs as a result since, unlike other cases of restructuring, the company concerned might have little or no possibility of providing support, either financial or practical. The number of bankruptcy cases has increased significantly in many countries as the global recession has deepened and spread. This report examines cases of bankruptcy over the past year in order to gain a better understanding of what they involve, the kinds of company affected, the reasons for their difficulties, the consequences for the workers concerned and the support that they receive.
Working time policies, although designed within the national and sectoral framework and the boundaries of institutional regulations, are fine-tuned and implemented at the level of each company, taking account of the environment in which the company operates and the workforce it is employing. Hence, companies have placed more importance on working time organisation in recent years. In light of this, the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions launched in 2004 its first Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work–Life Balance (ESWT), covering a large array of working time arrangements such as flexible working hours, overtime, part-time work, work at unusual hours, childcare leave or other forms of long-term leave, and phased or early retirement.
This paper aims to give a flavour of the latest developments across Europe and inform policy makers of topical issues. It will present measures taken in response to the recession (both employment market measures and financial stimulus packages), outline the extent of social partner involvement, and the actions taken so far by the social partners. According to the European Commission, there is still room for policy learning across Member States (European Commission, 2009c p. 42). The material for this report has been gathered mainly from Eurofound’s European Industrial Relations Observatory (EIRO) and from its European restructuring monitor (ERM), and is supplemented by findings from desk research.
The working environment refers to the quality of working conditions; however,
the procedures for trying to develop the workplace standard should also be
addressed. The working environment has been a priority area in Norway for
many years, and the country has a long history of laws and regulations on
employee representatives, arrangements for participation and requirements for
systematic efforts in this field. A recent study examines the status of
cooperation and employee participation as evaluated and reported by Norwegian
workers in 2007.
The study /Gender wage gap and typically female-dominated jobs/
(Differenziale salariale di genere e lavori tipicamente femminili (1.2Mb PDF)
) is part of a conclusive report of a three-year project carried out by
the Italian Vocational Training Development Agency (Istituto per lo Sviluppo
della Formazione Professionale dei Lavoratori, Isfol ) on behalf of the
Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Policy (Ministero del Lavoro, della
Salute e delle Politiche Sociali ). The report is based on the 2006 wave
of the Participation, Labour, Unemployment Survey, Isfol PLUS (in Italian,
253Kb PDF)  (see IT0611049I  for details on survey methodology). It
aims to quantify the discriminatory component of the gender wage gap by
taking into account two biases that often occur in a gender pay gap