Publications

1261 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Social partners react strongly to state austerity measures

    The Belgian government is currently engaged in implementing austerity measures to combat the severe impact of the global economic crisis, as well as the rapidly rising national debt. The federal coalition government comprises the Christian Democratic and Flemish Party (Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams, CD&V [1]), the Humanist Democratic Centre (Centre démocrate humaniste, CDH [2]), the liberal parties the Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten, VLD [3]) and the francophone Reformist Movement (Mouvement Réformateur, MR [4]), along with the Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste, PS [5]). [1] http://www.cdenv.be/ [2] http://www.lecdh.be [3] http://www.vld.be [4] http://www.mr.be [5] http://www.ps.be/
  • Legal challenge to UK retirement age fails

    On 25 September 2009, the High Court in the UK ruled that provisions in the Employment Equality (Age) Regulations 2006 [1] (*UK0603029I* [2]) enabling employers to force employees to retire at the age of 65 years were lawful. [1] http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2006/20061031.htm [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/anti-age-discrimination-regulations-published
  • ESC conference debates EU anti-crisis policies

    The joint conference of Bulgaria’s Economic and Social Council (ESC [1]) and the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC [2]) was held in Sofia on 5 and 6 October 2009. The main topics discussed during the conference included the labour market situation in the European Union (EU) and the impact of the financial and economic crisis on it, as well as the assessment of these trends and anti-crisis measures introduced by the EU Member States in cooperation with the social partners and other interest groups. The analysis of the labour market situation in the EU shows that the global economic and financial crisis has continued to expand in 2009, with the labour market being one of the most severely affected areas. [1] http://www.esc.bg/ [2] http://www.eesc.europa.eu/index_en.asp
  • General election results fuel debate between social partners

    The last general parliamentary election in Germany, which was held on 27 September 2009, brought to an end the incumbent coalition government between the Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD [1]) and the conservative alliance of the Christian Democratic Union (Christliche Demokratische Union, CDU [2]) and its Bavarian associate, the Christian Social Union (Christlich-Soziale Union, CSU [3]) (*DE0510201N* [4]). The following table outlines the election results, as well as the distribution of seats in the German parliament (Bundestag [5]). [1] http://www.spd.de/ [2] http://www.cdu.de/en/3440.htm [3] http://www.csu.de/ [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/employers-associations-and-trade-unions-divided-on-general-election-outcome [5] http://www.bundestag.de/htdocs_e/index.html
  • Companies strive to maintain employment in economic crisis

    In September 2009, the Institute for Employment Research (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, IAB [1]) published the results of a survey (in German, 1.7Mb PDF) [2] on companies’ adjustments to protect employment during the economic crisis. The survey was conducted in the second quarter of 2009. It reveals that establishments in various sectors of the economy have been affected in different ways by the crisis. Irrespective of the sector, however, the vast majority of companies have so far refrained from laying off staff. [1] http://www.iab.de/ [2] http://doku.iab.de/kurzber/2009/kb1809.pdf
  • New study examines persistence of gender pay gap

    A new study on the gender wage gap (515Kb PDF) [1] published in September 2009 by the Equality Authority (An tÚdarás Comhionannais [2]) and the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI [3]) would seem to offer the most accurate and comprehensive assessment of the gender pay gap in Ireland to date. ESRI published previous research on the gender pay gap in Ireland in 2000 (*IE0011160F* [4]). The new research uses data that provides unique information on both employee and employer characteristics to assess the size and nature of the gender pay gap in Ireland. The dataset – drawing on the 2003 National Employment Survey (NES [5]) – allowed for identifying the following aspects: [1] http://www.esri.ie/UserFiles/publications/20090911101000/BKMNEXT141.pdf [2] http://www.equality.ie/ [3] http://www.esri.ie/ [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-policies-undefined-working-conditions/gender-wage-gap-examined [5] http://www.cso.ie/surveysandmethodologies/news_national_employ.htm
  • New basic social security cover postponed till 2010

    In the spring of 2008, the then Federal Minister of Social Affairs and Consumer Protection, Erwin Buchinger, agreed with representatives of all nine Austrian provinces (/Länder/) to introduce a ‘needs-oriented basic cover’ scheme by the summer of 2009. The aim was to replace the different social assistance schemes of each of the nine provinces by a uniform ‘basic cover’ scheme in order to set national minimum standards of assistance and thus prevent destitution among the country’s population. At that time, the proposal stipulated that impoverished people who are willing to work would receive a minimum gross income of €747 a month, which should be payable 14 times a year and revaluated annually (*AT0804019I* [1]). However, general elections held in September 2008 (which eventually led to a reinstatement of a social-democratic-conservative coalition government), the looming global economic and financial crisis as well as the permanent threat of one province, namely Carinthia, to withdraw from the planned nationwide scheme and to maintain its regional assistance scheme have together almost derailed the entire ‘basic cover’ project. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/government-to-introduce-basic-social-security-cover-in-2009
  • Unions organise protest actions against cuts in public sector pay

    In response to the current economic situation in Lithuania, which is continuing to worsen, the government of the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybė, LRV [1]) with a view to realigning the national budget is to impose public sector wage cuts, as well as to reduce the amount of old-age pensions and other social welfare benefits. [1] http://www.lrv.lt/
  • Strikes at Royal Mail called off as negotiations continue

    On 8 October 2009, the Communication Workers’ Union (CWU [1]) announced the results of a national strike ballot of postal workers employed by Royal Mail [2]. The ballot showed strong support for industrial action, with 76% of the 81,000 members who took part voting in favour of striking. [1] http://www.cwu.org/ [2] http://www.royalmail.com/portal/rm
  • Complementary health and social protection guaranteed during unemployment

    On 18 May 2009, all of the country’s employer organisations and trade unions adopted an additional clause to the national intersectoral agreement (/accord national interprofessionnel/, ANI) on modernising the labour market, which was signed on 18 January 2008 (*FR0802049I* [1]). The new Article 14 of the agreement provides for maintaining guarantees of complementary health and social protection schemes during periods of unemployment. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-sign-agreement-on-labour-market-reform

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