Publications

1261 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Gender discrimination in female-dominated jobs

    The study /Gender wage gap and typically female-dominated jobs/ (Differenziale salariale di genere e lavori tipicamente femminili (1.2Mb PDF) [1]) is part of a conclusive report of a three-year project carried out by the Italian Vocational Training Development Agency (Istituto per lo Sviluppo della Formazione Professionale dei Lavoratori, Isfol [2]) on behalf of the Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Policy (Ministero del Lavoro, della Salute e delle Politiche Sociali [3]). The report is based on the 2006 wave of the Participation, Labour, Unemployment Survey, Isfol PLUS (in Italian, 253Kb PDF) [4] (see IT0611049I [5] for details on survey methodology). It aims to quantify the discriminatory component of the gender wage gap by taking into account two biases that often occur in a gender pay gap estimation. [1] http://www.isfol.it/DocEditor/test/File/Studi_Isfol_Occupazione_n_2-09.pdf [2] http://www.isfol.it [3] http://www.lavoro.gov.it/lavoro/ [4] http://www.lavoro.gov.it/NR/rdonlyres/E17DB3D1-F278-4416-89C4-6F887BAD2644/0/069_Pluspartecipationlabour_Cap9.pdf [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/gender-pay-gap-wider-for-better-educated-women
  • Factors preventing young people from continuing in education

    The Research Institute for Vocational Training and Adult Education (Institut für Berufs- und Erwachsenenbildungsforschung, IBE [1]) at the Johannes Kepler University in the north-central city of Linz conducted a quantitative survey to identify the main risk factors that contribute to young people aged 15–24 years leaving education after compulsory schooling. For this purpose, the survey compared young people with an educational attainment level that does not exceed the nine years of compulsory schooling in Austria with higher educated youths. According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED), nine years of compulsory schooling corresponds to ISCED 2, that is, less than upper secondary level education. The comparison between the two groups of young people was based on a number of socio-demographic, educational, occupational and behavioural aspects, as well as on their social and cultural origins. [1] http://www.ibe.co.at/englisch
  • Reported health differences between working and non-working people

    In 2006, almost 25% of the Norwegian population aged between 16 and 66 years was regarded as belonging to the population group of non-working individuals. Reasons for not working were classified into six categories: disability, unemployment, having an old-age or early retirement pension, acting as a homemaker, studying or military service. While students constitute the largest proportion of the non-working group (8.4%), disabled persons and unemployed people represent the second and third largest shares (8.2% and 3% respectively).
  • Effects of economic crisis on labour market

    The article on Labour market trends during the crisis (146Kb PDF) [1] by Statistics Estonia (Statistikaamet [2]) analyses the current labour market problems and trends in unemployment, concluding with proposals on how to tackle the situation. The analysis is based on quarterly data of the Labour Force Survey (LFS) from 2008 and 2009, as well as registry data of the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund (Töötukassa, EUIF [3]). [1] http://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/37731 [2] http://www.stat.ee/?lang=en [3] http://www.tootukassa.ee/?lang=en
  • Greening the European economy: Responses and initiatives by Member States and social partners

    This report examines the responses, initiatives and activities undertaken by national governments and the social partners in the EU Member States plus Norway in working towards a greener economy and maximising the job creation potential of this new area. The report looks specifically at various measures undertaken by governments with a view to stimulating the economy in the current context of the global economic crisis. It also charts the growing awareness of the importance of reducing carbon dioxide emissions and developing alternative energy sources, showing that both governments and social partners in most countries in this study are active in trying to promote the ‘green agenda’.The scope of such initiatives includes renewable energy production (including tidal, solar and wind power), energy efficiency, sustainable transport, water supply, waste management and sustainable agriculture. The report also aims to identify particularly interesting and successful initiatives that can be shared and disseminated as good practice examples.
  • ESC conference debates EU anti-crisis policies

    The joint conference of Bulgaria’s Economic and Social Council (ESC [1]) and the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC [2]) was held in Sofia on 5 and 6 October 2009. The main topics discussed during the conference included the labour market situation in the European Union (EU) and the impact of the financial and economic crisis on it, as well as the assessment of these trends and anti-crisis measures introduced by the EU Member States in cooperation with the social partners and other interest groups. The analysis of the labour market situation in the EU shows that the global economic and financial crisis has continued to expand in 2009, with the labour market being one of the most severely affected areas. [1] http://www.esc.bg/ [2] http://www.eesc.europa.eu/index_en.asp
  • General election results fuel debate between social partners

    The last general parliamentary election in Germany, which was held on 27 September 2009, brought to an end the incumbent coalition government between the Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD [1]) and the conservative alliance of the Christian Democratic Union (Christliche Demokratische Union, CDU [2]) and its Bavarian associate, the Christian Social Union (Christlich-Soziale Union, CSU [3]) (*DE0510201N* [4]). The following table outlines the election results, as well as the distribution of seats in the German parliament (Bundestag [5]). [1] http://www.spd.de/ [2] http://www.cdu.de/en/3440.htm [3] http://www.csu.de/ [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/employers-associations-and-trade-unions-divided-on-general-election-outcome [5] http://www.bundestag.de/htdocs_e/index.html
  • Companies strive to maintain employment in economic crisis

    In September 2009, the Institute for Employment Research (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, IAB [1]) published the results of a survey (in German, 1.7Mb PDF) [2] on companies’ adjustments to protect employment during the economic crisis. The survey was conducted in the second quarter of 2009. It reveals that establishments in various sectors of the economy have been affected in different ways by the crisis. Irrespective of the sector, however, the vast majority of companies have so far refrained from laying off staff. [1] http://www.iab.de/ [2] http://doku.iab.de/kurzber/2009/kb1809.pdf
  • New study examines persistence of gender pay gap

    A new study on the gender wage gap (515Kb PDF) [1] published in September 2009 by the Equality Authority (An tÚdarás Comhionannais [2]) and the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI [3]) would seem to offer the most accurate and comprehensive assessment of the gender pay gap in Ireland to date. ESRI published previous research on the gender pay gap in Ireland in 2000 (*IE0011160F* [4]). The new research uses data that provides unique information on both employee and employer characteristics to assess the size and nature of the gender pay gap in Ireland. The dataset – drawing on the 2003 National Employment Survey (NES [5]) – allowed for identifying the following aspects: [1] http://www.esri.ie/UserFiles/publications/20090911101000/BKMNEXT141.pdf [2] http://www.equality.ie/ [3] http://www.esri.ie/ [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-policies-undefined-working-conditions/gender-wage-gap-examined [5] http://www.cso.ie/surveysandmethodologies/news_national_employ.htm
  • New basic social security cover postponed till 2010

    In the spring of 2008, the then Federal Minister of Social Affairs and Consumer Protection, Erwin Buchinger, agreed with representatives of all nine Austrian provinces (/Länder/) to introduce a ‘needs-oriented basic cover’ scheme by the summer of 2009. The aim was to replace the different social assistance schemes of each of the nine provinces by a uniform ‘basic cover’ scheme in order to set national minimum standards of assistance and thus prevent destitution among the country’s population. At that time, the proposal stipulated that impoverished people who are willing to work would receive a minimum gross income of €747 a month, which should be payable 14 times a year and revaluated annually (*AT0804019I* [1]). However, general elections held in September 2008 (which eventually led to a reinstatement of a social-democratic-conservative coalition government), the looming global economic and financial crisis as well as the permanent threat of one province, namely Carinthia, to withdraw from the planned nationwide scheme and to maintain its regional assistance scheme have together almost derailed the entire ‘basic cover’ project. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/government-to-introduce-basic-social-security-cover-in-2009

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