Publications

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Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Unions seek measures to combat unemployment in construction

    The construction sector has experienced a dramatic increase in unemployment in 2009 compared with 2008. According to estimations of the Cyprus Building, Wood, Mine and General Workers’ Trade Union, affiliated to the Pancyprian Federation of Labour (Παγκύπρια Εργατική Ομοσπονδία, PEO [1]), and the Federation of Builders, Miners and Relevant Professions, affiliated to the Cyprus Workers’ Confederation (Συνομοσπονδία Εργαζομένων Κύπρου, SEK [2]), within a year – from September 2008 until September 2009 – unemployment has increased by more than five percentage points. The unemployment rate in construction currently stands at over 7%. In absolute numbers, according to data from the district labour offices, the number of registered unemployed persons in construction has risen significantly in just a month, from August to September 2009, from 2,546 to 2,913 workers. [1] http://www.peo.org.cy [2] http://www.sek.org.cy
  • Mixed reaction to anti-crisis legislation

    The autonomous agreement on combating negative effects of the economic slowdown reached by the peak national social partners in March 2009 received public praise and was considered a success of social dialogue [1]. The social partners’ anti-crisis package was then presented to the government, which was to incorporate the agreement’s provisions into draft legislation in order to submit it to the parliament (Sejm) for adoption (*PL0906019I* [2]). In early July, the government put forward two draft bills, which were subsequently passed into law without much delay – despite trade union concerns (*PL0907019I* [3]). [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/social-dialogue [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/government-accepts-anti-crisis-package-submitted-by-social-partners [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/trade-unions-threaten-to-abandon-tripartite-dialogue
  • Dispute at LOT Polish Airlines ends in agreement

    Established 80 years ago, the company LOT Polish airlines (Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT, PLL LOT [1]) is owned by three stockholders: the State Treasury with a 67.97% share, a private owner the ‘Silesia’ Financial Society (Towarzystwo Finansowe ‘Silesia’ Sp.z o. o. [2]) with a 25.1% share, and the company’s employees who own 6.93% of the shares. Since 2003, PLL LOT has been a member of the Star Alliance [3] global airline network. Last year, the company had a net loss of nearly PLN 733 million (about €178.6 million as at 17 November 2009). The company also recorded a financial loss in the first quarter of 2009. However, in the second quarter of this year, the airline reported a modest profit. [1] http://www.lot.com/ [2] http://www.tfsilesia.pl/ [3] http://www.staralliance.com/en/
  • Tripartite statement on reducing accidents in construction sector

    Data from the Department of Labour Inspection [1] (Τμήμα Επιθεώρησης Εργασίας) of the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance (Υπουργείου Εργασίας και Κοινωνικών Ασφαλίσεων, MLSI [2]) show that, during 2008, there was a substantial increase in workplace accidents (12.4%) in Cyprus, compared with 2007. In total, some 2,367 occupational accidents occurred in 2008, compared with 2,105 cases in the previous year. According to a sectoral analysis of the available data on workplace accidents provided by the Department of Labour Inspection, the construction sector still has the highest number of accidents, with a rate of 27.42% in 2008 compared with 26.75% in 2007 (*CY0707029I* [3]). The frequency of accidents in the construction sector is more than twice the average in the economy as a whole, and the proportion of fatal accidents is even higher. [1] http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dli/dli.nsf/dmlindex_en/dmlindex_en?OpenDocument [2] http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/mlsi.nsf/dmlindex_en/dmlindex_en?OpenDocument [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-measures-to-reduce-accidents-at-work
  • New law promotes job mobility of civil servants

    On 23 July 2009, the French parliament (Assemblée nationale [1]) adopted a law on mobility and career paths in the civil service. The law aims to promote the mobility of civil servants, whose departments are being reorganised, and also to make staff management easier. It is thus part of the process of the general revision of public policies (/Révision générale des politiques publiques/, RGPP [2]) launched by the government in July 2007. The law aims to increase the performance of public services through a general process of reorganisation. It has already led to the restructuring of certain government ministries (such as the ministries of finance and labour, social relations, family affairs, solidarity and urban affairs) (*FR0904039I* [3]) and public establishments (such as the meteorological office Météo France). At the same time, the government has confirmed the rule of not replacing half of all civil servants who retire by 2013. [1] http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/ [2] http://www.rgpp.modernisation.gouv.fr/ [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/major-reshuffle-of-decentralised-state-employment-services
  • Unions fear new regulations may lead to redundancy cover-ups

    The new Employment Contracts Act took effect on 1 July 2009. This brought about several changes in the regulation of redundancies with the aim of providing for greater flexibility. For instance, the term of the advance notice period was reduced by 30 calendar days to between two weeks and three months, depending on the length of the employment contract. To ease the financial burden of redundancies for employers, the payment of redundancy benefits will be shared by the employer and the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund (Eesti Töötukassa [1]). [1] http://www.tootukassa.ee/eng
  • Cooperation agreement signed between trade unions and labour inspectorate

    The Bulgarian trade union confederations organised a number of events throughout the country in support of the World Day for Decent Work [1] organised by the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC [2]). Part of the events in Bulgaria was a national working meeting with the Minister of Labour and Social Policy, Totyo Mladenov, and the Executive Director of the General Labour Inspectorate Executive Agency (Изпълнителна Агенция-Главна инспекция по труда, GLI-EA [3]), Roumyana Michailova. Trade union representatives expressed serious concerns about the new realities posed by the economic crisis in the country. They placed particular emphasis on an increasing number of cases of wage arrears and non-payment of overtime by employers. Further, they highlighted the continuing and intensifying violations of labour law and social security legislation, in addition to the threat of positive results that have been achieved in actions against the informal economy being reversed (BG0307101F [4], BG0607069I [5], BG0711039I [6], BG0809039I [7]; see also Bulgarian case studies [8] on tackling undeclared work [9]). [1] http://www.wddw.org/-English- [2] http://www.ituc-csi.org/ [3] http://www.gli.government.bg/bg/page/2 [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-legislation-on-minimum-social-insurance-thresholds-and-registration-of-employment-contracts [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/negotiations-for-new-partnership-agreement-begin [6] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-and-government-launch-initiatives-to-combat-undeclared-work [7] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/government-to-clamp-down-on-breaches-of-employment-rights [8] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/search/node/areas OR labourmarket OR tackling OR udwbycountry3?oldIndex [9] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/undeclared-work
  • Social partners react strongly to state austerity measures

    The Belgian government is currently engaged in implementing austerity measures to combat the severe impact of the global economic crisis, as well as the rapidly rising national debt. The federal coalition government comprises the Christian Democratic and Flemish Party (Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams, CD&V [1]), the Humanist Democratic Centre (Centre démocrate humaniste, CDH [2]), the liberal parties the Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten, VLD [3]) and the francophone Reformist Movement (Mouvement Réformateur, MR [4]), along with the Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste, PS [5]). [1] http://www.cdenv.be/ [2] http://www.lecdh.be [3] http://www.vld.be [4] http://www.mr.be [5] http://www.ps.be/
  • Legal challenge to UK retirement age fails

    On 25 September 2009, the High Court in the UK ruled that provisions in the Employment Equality (Age) Regulations 2006 [1] (*UK0603029I* [2]) enabling employers to force employees to retire at the age of 65 years were lawful. [1] http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2006/20061031.htm [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/anti-age-discrimination-regulations-published
  • Rise in psychosocial risk factors at the workplace

    There has been huge changes in recent decades in the content, organisation and employment status of work. Results from the 2005 Working Conditions Survey in France indicate that besides the usual trends and changes across categories – such as economic sectors or occupational groups – working conditions have changed in an uneven way across the salaried population, with some subgroups experiencing higher demands. The second major development is the growing impact of psychosocial factors at the workplace. This is a new dimension, where the challenges are high and acquiring information on the subject necessitates developing new tools such as updated surveys and new monitoring systems.

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