1093 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

  • Questionnaire for EIRO thematic feature on National Action Plans for employment 2004 - case of Hungary

    Since the early nineties Hungary has built a plethora of social dialogue institutions addressing labour market policy issues. At the national level the agenda of the major tripartite forum, National Interest Reconciliation Council (Országos Érdekegyeztető Tanács, OÉT) and those of its predecessors have regularly included the government’s employment policy. Furthermore, OÉT has a specialised permanent body named Labour Market Committee (Munkaerőpiaci Bizottság) for expert consultations and preparatory talks on labour market policy issues to be negotiated at plenary sessions. Also at national level, the social partners have a distinguished 'co-management' position in the Steering Committee of the Labour Market Fund (Munkaerőpiaci Alap Irányítótestülete), which makes the major decisions on the utilisation of the Labour Market Fund funded from the compulsory contribution of employers and employees, and they have a similar role in the National Employment Foundation (Országos Foglalkoztatási Közalapítvány, OFA [1]), a channel for public financing of various employment policy projects. At the county level, the tripartite County Labour Councils (Megyei Munkügyi Tanácsok) have a say in the work and expenditures of the Public Employment Service (Állami Foglalkoztatási Szolgálat, ÁFSZ [2]). [1] [2]
  • Public sector workers strike

    In October 2004, the Confederation of Public Servants (ADEDY) organised a well-supported general strike in the Greek public sector. The trade unions are demanding pay rises and improvements in areas such as family and maternity allowances, conditions for workers in unhealthy and arduous jobs, and staff promotions.
  • Redundancies put pressure on social partner relations

    Finland’s industrial sector has been hit by collective redundancies in recent years. Major job cuts started in late 2002, following eight consecutive years of growth in industrial employment. In the two years up until autumn 2004, the number of industrial jobs declined from 500,000 to 460,000 (a fall of 8%). This loss of 40,000 jobs represents the most widespread collective redundancies in the country since the major recession of the early 1990s. All three of the most important industries have been affected. The metalworking and electronics industries began shedding workers first and since autumn 2003 the wood processing industry has followed suit. In the third quarter of 2004 the pace of redundancies slowed, but industrial employment continues to decline. Positive growth figures are expected some time in 2005. The long-term trend, nevertheless, is towards even more decline; the Ministry of Labour estimates that, compared with the current level, another 40,000 industrial jobs will be lost by 2030. However, part of the decrease in industrial employment can be explained by the increasingly prevalent practice of outsourcing, whereby industrial jobs come to appear as service sector jobs in statistics.
  • Commission consults on musculoskeletal disorders at work

    The European Commission submitted a consultation paper [1] to the EU-level social partners on 12 November 2004 on the issue of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). It notes that the incidence of work-related MSDs such as back pain and repetitive strain injury is increasing among workers in the European Union, stating that these ailments 'are the biggest health and safety problem facing European workers today'. The Commission cites studies indicating that over 40 million workers are affected by these types of ailments, accounting for between 40% and 50% of all work-related ill health. This in turn is said to be eroding Europe’s competitiveness and leading to estimated loses of 0.5% to 2% of GNP each year. [1]
  • Plans for employment 2004 Questionnaire for EIRO thematic feature on National Action - case of the Czech Republic

    *1.1 Which organisations did the government consult on the preparation of the 2004 NAP and at what level (national, regional, local etc)?*
  • Agreements on cost-cutting and job security signed at Volkswagen

    On 3 November 2004, the German Metalworkers Union (Industriegewerkschaft Metall, IG Metall) and representatives of Volkswagen AG (VW) signed a new package of agreements on pay and job security. This compromise, which followed six rounds of negotiations and a number of warning strikes involving about 100,000 Volkswagen employees, ended the 2004 bargaining round at Germany's largest car manufacturer. It is estimated that the deal, which includes a pay freeze in exchange for a company promise to safeguard employment, will save the company EUR 1 billion a year in labour costs.
  • New studies examine effects of dismissal protection

    On 18 October 2004, the Institute for Employment Research (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, IAB [1]) presented the findings [2] of a study on the effects of dismissal protection regulations. The study finds no significant relationship between the stringency of dismissal protection legislation and employee turnover levels. These empirical results are seen as being inconsistent with the economic theory that predicts a detrimental effect of dismissal protection legislation, which raises the level of adjustment costs to firms, on hiring and 'separation' rates. [1] [2]
  • European works councils in practice (report)

    This report focuses on the internal workings of EWCs in five EU Member States: France, Germany, Italy, Sweden and the UK. It compares and contrasts the widely divergent practices resulting from different company practices, cultural backgrounds and industrial relations policies. It looks at the relationships between management and employee representatives, and also between players both inside and outside the company.
  • Pensions crisis under debate

    On 12 October 2004, the long-awaited interim report [1] of the Pensions Commission was published. The Commission, set up following the government’s green paper on pensions in December 2002, will not produce its final report until autumn 2005, but publication of the interim report has stimulated a vigorous debate on the subject of pensions. [1]
  • Civil servants strike over proposed job cuts

    Following a ballot in which members of the Public and Commercial Services Union (PCS) voted nearly two to one in favour of a one-day strike, around 200,000 civil servants took industrial action and other forms of protest on 5 November 2004 as part of a wider campaign against government policies. The immediate cause of the strike arose from the government’s public expenditure review for the years 2006 to 2008, published in July 2004 (UK0407105F [1]). Alongside a commitment to large increases in expenditure on health and education services, the review outlined ambitious targets for efficiency improvements, so that savings in 'back-office functions' could be spent on 'front-line services'. These plans envisaged a reduction in the number of civil service posts of around 80,000, and the relocation of 20,000 other posts out of London and the South East by 2010. [1]