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  • Restructuring of electricity sector stepped up

    In 2003, the Polish government adopted plans for the further liberalisation, privatisation and restructuring of the electrical energy sector. The plans have aroused debate among employers and trade unions in the industry, not least - despite government assurances - over the employment consequences. A 'tripartite team' is discussing the restructuring of employment in the energy sector.
  • OGB-L and LCGB make gains in 'social elections'

    November 2003 saw social elections in Luxembourg, with employees voting for representatives on workplace employee committees and in national consultative chambers and social security funds. The two main trade union confederations, OGB-L and LCGB, increased their support while a new federation of unions organising private sector white-collar staff (ALEBA/UEP-NGL-SNEP) failed to make a breakthrough, succeeding only in maintaining its dominant position in the banking sector.
  • Sectoral collective bargaining develops

    Changes to Bulgarian labour law made in March 2001 promoted bipartite cooperation between the social partners at sector level, and especially collective bargaining. This has led to the development of sectoral bargaining, with 63 new collective agreements signed at this level in 2002-3, covering an estimated 40% of the workforce. This article reviews the situation at the end of 2003, looking at the main trends in areas such as the content of agreements, as well as the continuing problems and shortcomings of sectoral bargaining.