Publications

1093 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Estonian women paid less than men

    In October 2004, the PRAXIS Centre for Policy Studies presented the results of a study Men and women in the Estonian labour market: assessing the gender wage gap [1] (in Estonian). The study examined the main reasons behind the gender pay gap and assessed the scale of the divide, using the micro-level data of Labour Force Surveys (1998-2000). This survey is conducted by the Statistical Office of Estonia and covers a representative sample (around 12,000 people per year) of the Estonian population aged 15-74. [1] http://www.praxis.ee/?lang=en&act=show_news&news_id=209
  • Labour lawyers propose overhaul of Labour Code

    In early 2003, an agreement on the need for an overarching revision of labour law rules was concluded by the social partners and the government in the National Interest Reconciliation Council (Országos Érdekegyeztető Tanács, OÉT) (HU0209101N [1]). This resulted in the creation of a Labour Law Codification Committee (Munkajogi Kodifikációs Bizottság, LLCC), consisting of leading labour lawyers with academic, ministerial and practitioner backgrounds After a series of meetings of the LLCC, a 'Conceptual paper on the creation of the new Labour Code' was drafted and published in mid-2004. Sociologists and economists were involved in the discussions and, although the social partners were not invited to participate in a direct way, some of their representatives were present as experts. The concept was drafted by only four of the members of LLCC, two professors from Pécs University (Pécsi Tudományegyetem, PTE [2]), a senior official from the Ministry of Employment and Labour (Foglalkoztatáspolitikai és Munkaügyi Minisztérium, FMM [3]) and a practicing lawyer with substantial experience in civil administration. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/national-level-tripartite-forums-reformed [2] http://www.pte.hu/ [3] http://www.fmm.gov.hu/
  • Labour Inspectorate reports on work in 2003

    In October 2004, Greece's Corps of Labour Inspectors (SEPE) issued its annual report for 2003. Key findings include evidence of an increasing trend towards flexibility at work and a significant increase in accidents at work, especially in particular sectors and occupational categories.
  • Report makes recommendations on representativeness of social partners

    An EU Phare project entitled /Enhancement and development of social dialogue in Slovenia/ began on 16 September 2002 and was concluded on 15 April 2004. According to the final report of the project, it aimed to ensure an efficient implementation of social dialogue in Slovenia and to link the work of the national social partners more closely with the implementation of EU policies. To meet these objectives the project was to:
  • Unions oppose any increase in working time

    In autumn 2004, Stojan Petric, a director of Kolektor Group, an engineering company, submitted a proposal for changes to current labour legislation. The proposed change would make it possible for companies to increase working time by half an hour per day, up to 120 hours a year in total, out of which 60 hours would be paid and 60 unpaid. Moreover, for the additional paid working time, employers should not pay taxes and social security contributions on their employees' wages (SI0411301N [1]). The proposal was submitted to the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs (Ministrstvo za delo, družino in socialne zadeve, MDDSZ [2]) and to the Slovenian Employers' Association (Zdruzenje delodajalcev Slovenije, ZDS [3]) (SI0211102F [4]). It was also sent, but only for information purposes, to the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Slovenia (Gospodarska zbornica Slovenije, GZS) and to the Metal and Electro Industries Trade Union of Slovenia (Sindikat kovinske in elektroindustrije Slovenije, SKEI [5]), an affiliate of the Union of Free Trade Unions of Slovenia (Zveza svobodnih sindikatov Slovenije, ZSSS) (SI0210102F [6]). Gregor Miklic, the ZSSS executive secretary, stated in /Delavska anotnost/ (Workers' Unity), the ZSSS weekly, that the proposal would mean an increase in the working week from 40 to more than 42 hours a week, which is against Slovenian legislation. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/union-opposes-employer-proposal-to-increase-working-time [2] http://www.gov.si/mddsz/index.php?PID=343&L=en [3] http://www.zds.si/si/o_zds/ [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/the-development-and-current-situation-of-employers-organisations-3 [5] http://www.sindikat-skei.si [6] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/the-development-and-current-situation-of-trade-unions-3
  • Single-establishment bargaining in 2003 examined

    According to figures published by the Polish State Labour Inspection (PLP) in 2004, the number of single-establishment collective agreements concluded rose in 2003, for the first time in some years. The individual establishment is the main bargaining level in Poland. The 441 agreements signed in 2003 dealt mainly with pay issues, with some containing provisions on matters such as work organisation. An increasing number of employers are suspending all or part of agreements in force, citing financial hardship.
  • Social partners welcome Danish political agreement on EU Constitutional Treaty

    On 2 November 2004, the coalition government of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and the Conservative Party (Det Konservative Folkeparti) and three opposition parties - the Social Democratic Party (Socialdemokratiet), the Social Liberal Party (Radikale Venstre) and the Socialist People’s Party (Socialistisk Folkeparti) - agreed in parliament (the Folketing) a 'national compromise' concerning the Danish referendum on the EU Constitutional Treaty (EU0406204F [1]). This is a repetition of a first national compromise reached on a similar theme in 1993, when the last party to accept the deal was - as also this occasion - the Socialist People’s Party. Under the new agreement, referenda on Denmark's current 'opt-outs' from various aspects of EU cooperation (eg including non-participation in the third stage of Economic and Monetary Union - DK0004175F [2]) have been postponed for several years. The five parties agreed that no vote can take place concerning one or more of the Danish opt-outs at the same time as the referendum on acceptance of the EU Constitutional Treaty. According to the agreement, all parties have a right of veto and the accord may be changed or abolished only unanimously. The parties have agreed that the agreement shall run for the same period as the new Treaty. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/agreement-reached-on-constitutional-treaty [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/unions-and-employers-organisations-both-recommend-a-danish-yes-to-emu
  • Social partners sign agreement on boosting the South

    In November 2004, Italy's three main trade union confederations (Cgil, Cisl and Uil) and 13 employers’ organisations signed an agreement that calls for a range of measures aimed at relaunching the economy of the South of Italy. The social partners will present the document to the government and ask it to include a number of immediate interventions in the 2005 state budget law.
  • Unions highlight precarious situation of young workers

    Spanish trade unions have published several reports in 2004 highlighting the high level of precarious and unstable employment among young people, and examining the consequences in terms of insecurity and poor working conditions. This article outlines the main findings.
  • Tripartite agreement on employment and economic growth signed for Madrid

    In October 2004, the regional government and social partners signed an agreement aimed at improving employment and boosting economic growth in the Community of Madrid. The aims are to: move towards full employment; improve the quality, stability and productivity of work; increase the involvement of women in work and business (gender issues receive particular attention throughout the agreement); improve the reconciliation of work and family life; and enhance the competitiveness of the region.

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