Publications

1093 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Equal opportunities in collective bargaining examined

    Since the the main trade unions and employers' organisations signed an agreement providing a framework for lower-level collective bargaining in 2002, equal opportunities for men and women has become an explicit aim of collective bargaining. The data available in 2004 indicate an increasing incorporation of this issue in collective agreements, though the agreed content still tends to consist of declarations of intent rather than specific policies and action. National sectoral agreements seems to offer the best results in terms of the inclusion of equal opportunities in bargaining, whereas the company level shows the best results in the establishment of good practices.
  • Survey finds widespread support for board-level co-determination

    On 20 October 2004, the Hans Böckler Foundation (Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, HBS) published the results [1] of a representative survey carried out to determine views amongst the general public about board-level co-determination [2]. The survey was commissioned by HBS, a trade union-related foundation which has as one of its aims the promotion of co-determination and support for employee representatives on supervisory board [3] s, and conducted by a polling institute during August 2004. It asked a representative sample of 1,000 randomly chosen people about their views on the German co-determination system. The sample consisted of 52% women and 48% men. Of respondents, 52% were employees (including temporarily unemployed people) and 48% were not employed (pensioners, students, apprentices etc). [1] http://www.boeckler.de/cps/rde/xchg/SID-3D0AB75D-30741875/hbs/hs.xsl/262_31551.html [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/co-determination-2 [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/supervisory-board-1
  • Fifth National Survey on Working Conditions, Spain (report)

    The results of the Fifth National Survey on Working Conditions reveal an improvement in the risk preventive systems used by Spanish businesses. However, working conditions seem to have slightly disimproved, according to workers’ self-assessment of their own conditions. This trend has had negative health outcomes.
  • Employment and disability: Back to work strategies

    This report examines social exclusion through illness, specifically the processes whereby people who develop chronic illnesses are excluded from the workforce. It proposes a new model for understanding the nature of this problem, it develops an assessment tool for new initiatives in the area and makes recommendations on how best to promote social inclusion for people with chronic illnesses. The report addresses this knowledge gap by gathering information on relevant initiatives in seven Member States.
  • Sick pay reform meets opposition

    On 18 October 2004, the minority Social Democratic Party (Socialdemokratiska Arbetarepartiet, SAP) government, with support from the Green Party (Miljöpartiet de Gröna) and the Left Party (Vänsterpartiet), presented a bill on measures to decrease Sweden's very high sickness absence rate, entitled 'Driving forces for decreased sick absence' (/Drivkrafter för minskad sjukfrånvaro/, Prop. 2004/05:21). The proposals mainly follow those announced in a 'declaration of intent' produced by the three parties in December 2003 (SE0401105F [1]). [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/government-sets-out-new-measures-to-cut-sickness-absence
  • Employers' organisations hold forum

    In October 2004, the Union of Romanian Employers (UPR), grouping six of Romania's nationally representative employers’ organisations (of the 14 currently in existence) held a forum, the first joint initiative of its kind. The forum drew attention to economic 'competitiveness gaps' and proposed a number of changes to current social dialogue provisions.
  • No agreement yet on minimum wage for 2005

    According to the Wage Law, the national minimum wage is determined annually by government decree after the central organisations of trade unions and employers have reached consensus about its level for the next year. The negotiations over the national minimum wage for 2005 have been lengthier and much more intense than the negotiations in 2003 over the minimum wage for 2004. Though their positions have become a little more similar in some points, the overall views of the social partners still differ quite considerably. The main issue has been whether the demands made by the trade union and employers' central organisations have been in accordance with a long-term agreement concluded in 2001. In 2001, the Estonian Employers’ Confederation (Eesti Tööandjate Keskliit, ETTK [1]) (EE0310102F [2]) and the Confederation of Estonian Trade Unions (Eesti Ametiühingute Keskliit, EAKL [3]) (EE0308101F [4]) signed a bipartite agreement on the principles for establishing the minimum wage in the period up until 2008 (EE0311101N [5]). According to this agreement, the rise in the minimum wage should be more rapid than the rise of the national average wage, so that the minimum wage reaches 41% of the national average wage in 2008. The agreement also determined the formula and principles for calculating the minimum wage and changed the basis of the minimum wage negotiations from tripartite to bipartite. The last-named change was proposed by ETTK. [1] http://www.ettk.ee/ [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/the-development-and-current-situation-of-employers-organisations-1 [3] http://www.eakl.ee/ [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/the-development-and-current-situation-of-trade-unions [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/minimum-wage-agreed-for-2004
  • Public views of trade unions analysed

    The results of various sociological surveys allow the public’s view of trade unions and trade union issues to be mapped, at least in guideline terms, from the start of the 1990s. The data used in this article is taken from: regular annual surveys by the Institute (since 2001 the Centre) for Public Opinion Research (Institut pro výzkum veřejného mínění, IVVM, later Centrum pro výzkum veřejného mínění, CVVM [1]); research organised by the Research Institute of Labour and Social Affairs, RILSA (Výzkumný ústav práce a sociálních věcí, VÚPSV [2]) and the Institute of Sociology of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (Sociologický ústav Akademie věd České republiky, SOÚ AV ČR [3]) in 2003; research conducted by Středisko empirických výzkumů (STEM [4]); and information about similar research published in the specialist press. [1] http://www.cvvm.cz/ [2] http://www.vupsv.cz/ [3] http://www.soc.cas.cz/ [4] http://www.stem.cz/
  • Social partner involvement in lifelong learning examined

    Bulgaria is expected to join the European Union in 2007, and one of the areas that is receiving considerable attention in the run-up is lifelong learning, as promoted by the EU. This article examines the involvement of the social partners in this area, as at late 2004, finding that they are involved in a range of activities and bodies for increasing the adaptability, employability and career development of workers, and in supporting the delivery of appropriate education and training.
  • Tensions over railway restructuring

    From January 2005, Belgian Railways (SNCB/NMBS) will split into two subsidiaries, one responsible for transport operations and the other for managing the infrastructure. In the run-up, trade unions are concerned about the job losses and a deterioration of working conditions, while the nomination of the directors of the new companies in late October 2004 proved controversial.

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