New forms of employment

Report
Atnaujinta
21 Spalis 2015
Paskelbtas
12 Kovas 2015
pdf
Formatai
Executive summary in 22 languages
Atsisiųsti

Įžanga

Across Europe, new forms of employment are emerging that are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. Some transform the relationship between employer and employee, some change work organisation and work patterns, and some do both. This report identifiesRead more

Across Europe, new forms of employment are emerging that are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. Some transform the relationship between employer and employee, some change work organisation and work patterns, and some do both. This report identifies nine forms of employment that are new or have become increasingly important in Europe since the year 2000. While there is wide diversity in terms of their characteristics and employment relationship, all the forms aim to increase flexibility for employers and/or employees. Although some have the potential to benefit employers and employees equally, in a few cases concerns have been raised about their impact on working conditions and the labour market. The report concludes with recommendations about the need to raise awareness of the potential problems and establish safety nets for workers. 

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Formatai

  • Ataskaita

    Puslapių skaičius: 
    168
    Nuorodos Nr.: 
    EF1461
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-1594-2
    Katalogo Nr.: 
    TJ-02-17-722-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/937385
    Catalogue info

    New forms of employment

    Across Europe, new forms of employment are emerging that are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. Some transform the relationship between employer and employee, some change work organisation and work patterns, and some do both. This report identifies nine forms of employment that are new or have become increasingly important in Europe since the year 2000.

    Formatai

  • Executive summary

    Number of pages: 
    2
    Nuorodos Nr.: 
    EF14611
    Catalogue info

    Naujos darbo formos

    Autorius (-ai): 
    Eurofound

    Visoje Europoje randasi naujų darbo formų, kurios tam tikrais aspektais skiriasi nuo įprasto standartinio ir nestandartinio darbo. Dėl kai kurių iš jų keičiasi darbdavio ir darbuotojo santykis, taikant kitas kinta darbo organizavimas bei darbo modeliai, o dar kitų taikymas lemia pokyčius visose minėtose srityse. Vykdant šį projektą Europoje nustatytos devynios darbo formos, kurios yra naujos arba tampa vis svarbesnės apytiksliai nuo 2000 m. Nors tos darbo formos yra įvairios, taikant jas visas didėja lankstumas darbdaviams ar darbuotojams, arba ir vieniems, ir kitiems. Kai kurios naujos darbo formos gali būti vienodai naudingos ir darbdaviams, ir darbuotojams, tačiau kitų atveju kyla klausimų dėl poveikio darbo sąlygoms ir darbo rinkai. Šioje ataskaitoje pateikiama politinių rekomendacijų dėl informuotumo apie galimas problemas didinimo ir minimalios darbuotojų socialinės apsaugos sistemos kūrimo.

    Galima parsisiųsti 22 kalbomis

    Atsisiųsti
  • Working papers

    Related working papers

    • AGZ Südbrandenburg
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      21 Spalis 2015
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      Number of pages
      13
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15001
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
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      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      18
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15002
    • Job’ Ardent
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      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      9
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15003
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Ramioul, Monique; Naedenoen, Frédéric
      Number of pages
      19
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15004
    • Personal Connect and Manpower
      Case study
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      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      7
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15005
    • Human Garden and Nemos Sokolov
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      6
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      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Flipo, Aurore
      Number of pages
      8
      Nuorodos Nr.
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      Case study
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      Autorius (-ai)
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      11
      Nuorodos Nr.
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      Case study
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      Autorius (-ai)
      Lang, Carole
      Number of pages
      10
      Nuorodos Nr.
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      Case study
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      9
      Nuorodos Nr.
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      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
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      Number of pages
      26
      Nuorodos Nr.
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      Gábor, Kártyás; Pázmány, Péter
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      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Gábor, Kártyás; Pázmány, Péter
      Number of pages
      20
      Nuorodos Nr.
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    • Lingjob
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Caicedo, Elma; Gineikytė, Vaida
      Number of pages
      10
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15016
    • Textilcord and SolarWood
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Flipo, Aurore; Turlan, Frédéric
      Number of pages
      7
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15017
    • ArcelorMittal
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Flipo, Aurore
      Number of pages
      11
      Nuorodos Nr.
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      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Lang, Carole
      Number of pages
      7
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15019
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      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      7
      Nuorodos Nr.
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    • Clickworker
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Westhäußer, Katharina
      Number of pages
      14
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15021
    • Boblr
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Nielsen, Helle Ourø; Høgenhaven Larsen, Sanna
      Number of pages
      7
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15022
    • Adtriboo.com
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      12
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15023
    • Academy of Ideas
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Romele, Linda
      Number of pages
      10
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15024
    • Idea Hunting
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Perista, Heloísa; Carrilho, Paula
      Number of pages
      9
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15025
    • Amazon Mechanical Turk
      Case study
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      Autorius (-ai)
      Bergvall-Kareborn, Birgitta; Howcroft, Debra
      Number of pages
      12
      Nuorodos Nr.
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      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Bergvall-Kareborn, Birgitta; Howcroft, Debra
      Number of pages
      11
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15027
    • Grontmij
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Nielsen, Helle Ourø; Høgenhaven Larsen, Sanna
      Number of pages
      8
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15028
    • Suomen Pienyrittäjäin Mainostoimisto
      Case study
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      Autorius (-ai)
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      Number of pages
      10
      Nuorodos Nr.
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      Case study
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      Autorius (-ai)
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      Number of pages
      8
      Nuorodos Nr.
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      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
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      Number of pages
      7
      Nuorodos Nr.
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    • YoungCapital
      Case study
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      Autorius (-ai)
      Rossen, Lieselotte; Warmerdam, John; Vermeulen, Hedwig
      Number of pages
      10
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15032
    • Hewlett-Packard Norway
      Case study
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      Autorius (-ai)
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      Number of pages
      9
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15033
    • Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Ljubljana
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      9
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15034
    • Engbergs Transportsystem
      Case study
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      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      6
      Nuorodos Nr.
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    • Office of Town District Prague 9
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      8
      Nuorodos Nr.
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      Number of pages
      8
      Nuorodos Nr.
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    • Policy analysis
      Case study
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      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      7
      Nuorodos Nr.
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    • Hospital Piešťany
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Kahancová, Marta; Sedláková, Mária
      Number of pages
      9
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15040
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Kahancová, Marta; Sedláková, Mária
      Number of pages
      13
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15041
    • Landelijk Dienstencoöperatief
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Ramioul, Monique; Van Peteghem, Jan
      Number of pages
      12
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15042
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Van Peteghem, Jan; Ramioul, Monique
      Number of pages
      15
      Nuorodos Nr.
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    • Gorizia municipality
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Rustico, Lisa
      Number of pages
      10
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15044
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Rustico, Lisa
      Number of pages
      11
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15045
    • Slivers of Time
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Grimshaw, Damian; Cartwright, Jo
      Number of pages
      14
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15046
    • Local government contracting of social care
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Rubery, Jill; Johnson, Mathew
      Number of pages
      17
      Nuorodos Nr.
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    • Werkheim
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      11
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15049
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      12
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15050
    • Utopic_US
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      13
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15051
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      11
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15052
    • West SA
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Kyriakidou, Olivia
      Number of pages
      10
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15053
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Kyriakidou, Olivia
      Number of pages
      13
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15054
    • Plant nursery
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Caicedo, Elma; Melkūnaitė, Laura
      Number of pages
      10
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15055
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Caicedo, Elma; Gineikytė, Vaida
      Number of pages
      10
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15056
    • Plastic packaging company
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Gábor, Kártyás; Pázmány, Péter
      Number of pages
      9
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15057
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Gábor, Kártyás; Pázmány, Péter
      Number of pages
      15
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15058
    • Clock Advertising
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Presada, Florina
      Number of pages
      9
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15059
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Presada, Florina
      Number of pages
      12
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15060
    • Company Case Study Ireland
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      O’Brien, Nolan
      Number of pages
      7
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15061
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      O’Brien, Nolan
      Number of pages
      8
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15062
    • Anonymous care organisations
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Rossen, Lieselotte; Warmerdam, John; Vermeulen, Hedwig
      Number of pages
      10
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15063
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Rossen, Lieselotte; Warmerdam, John; Vermeulen, Hedwig
      Number of pages
      15
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15064
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      20
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15065
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      12
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15066
    • Exploring the transferability of the employment form
      Case study
      21 Spalis 2015
      Autorius (-ai)
      Number of pages
      11
      Nuorodos Nr.
      WPEF15067
  • Case studies

    The ‘New forms of employment’ report is based on 67 individual case studies from across Europe that represent a variety of employment forms. The cases studies either deal with a specific employer-worker relationship or comprise a policy analysis (legislation or collective agreement, public support instrument). The list below details the case studies. For the report on strategic employee sharing, the case studies on the policy analysis in Germany, Belgium, France, Hungary and Austria for this employment form have been updated, and an additional case study on Ireland has been conducted.

    No. Employment form Country Type of case study
    1 Employee sharing Germany AGZ Südbrandenburg
    2 Employee sharing Germany Policy analysis
    3 Employee sharing Belgium JobArdent
    4 Employee sharing Belgium Policy analysis
    5 Interim management Czech Republic Personal Connect and Manpower
    6 Interim management Czech Republic Human Garden and Nemos Sokolov
    7 Employee sharing Czech Republic Policy analysis
    8 Employee sharing Finland Andelslag
    9 Collaborative employment France AdPartners
    10 Collaborative employment France Policy analysis
    11 Employee sharing France Île de Noirmoutier - Île d'Yeu
    12 Employee sharing France Fédération Isocel
    13 Employee sharing France Policy analysis
    14 Employee sharing Hungary Two IT firms
    15 Employee sharing Hungary Policy analysis
    16 Platform work Lithuania LingJob
    17 Employee sharing Luxembourg Textilcord and SolarWood
    18 Employee sharing Luxembourg ArcelorMittal
    19 Employee sharing Luxembourg Policy analysis
    20 Platform work Czech Republic Topdesigner.cz
    21 Platform work Germany Clickworker
    22 Platform work Denmark Boblr
    23 Platform work Spain Adtriboo
    24 Platform work Latvia Academy of Ideas
    25 Platform work Portugal Idea Hunting
    26 Platform work United Kingdom Amazon Mechanical Turk
    27 Platform work United Kingdom Taskhub
    28 ICT-based mobile work Denmark Grontmij
    29 ICT-based mobile work Finland Suomen Pienyrittäjäin Mainostoimisto
    30 ICT-based mobile work Greece Microsoft Hellas
    31 ICT-based mobile work Latvia Belam-Riga
    32 ICT-based mobile work The Netherlands YoungCapital
    33 ICT-based mobile work Norway Hewlett-Packard Norway
    34 ICT-based mobile work Slovenia Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Ljubljana
    35 ICT-based mobile work Sweden Engbergs Transportsystem
    36 Job sharing Czech Republic Town District Prague 9
    37 Job sharing Poland Krakow Regional Labour Office
    38 Job sharing Slovenia University Medical Centre Ljubljana
    39 Job sharing Slovenia Policy analysis
    40 Casual work Slovakia Piešťany Hospital
    41 Job sharing, casual work Slovakia Policy analysis
    42 Voucher-based work Belgium Landelijk Dienstencoöperatief
    43 Voucher-based work Belgium Policy analysis
    44 Voucher-based work Italy Municipality of Gorizia
    45 Voucher-based work Italy Policy analysis
    46 Casual work United Kingdom Slivers of Time
    47 Casual work United Kingdom Local government contracting of social care
    48 Casual work United Kingdom Policy analysis
    49 Collaborative employment Germany Werkheim Hamburg
    50 Collaborative employment Germany Policy analysis
    51 Collaborative employment Spain Utopic_US
    52 Collaborative employment Spain Policy analysis
    53 Voucher-based work Greece West SA
    54 Voucher-based work Greece Policy analysis
    55 Voucher-based work Lithuania Plant nursery
    56 Voucher-based work Lithuania Policy analysis
    57 Casual work Hungary Plastic packaging company
    58 Casual work Hungary Policy analysis
    59 Casual work Romania Clock Advertising
    60 Casual work Romania Policy analysis
    61 Casual work Ireland Company case study
    62 Casual work Ireland Policy analysis
    63 Casual work The Netherlands Childcare company
    64 Casual work The Netherlands Policy analysis
    65 Employee sharing Austria Policy analysis
    66 Voucher-based work Austria Policy analysis
    67 Employee sharing Ireland Exploring the transferability of the employment form

Case studies published alongside this report have not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.

Part of the series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

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