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Latest publications

  • Article
    16 Gruodis 2013

    Italy’s private sector is not covered by any specific legislation setting
    out the criteria for representativeness required of social partners before
    they may participate in collective bargaining. All the social partners, even
    if they are small and not particularly representative, can sign collective
    agreements if another organisation representing a sector or an enterprise is
    willing to enter into an agreement with them.

  • Article
    16 Gruodis 2013

    The Works Councils Act (WOR [1]) was first enacted in 1950. There have been
    seven major revisions of the act since it first came into force (*NL9709130F*
    [2]). An eighth revision has been made this year, 15 years after the last
    significant changes, and came into force on 19 July 2013.

    [1] http://www.or.nl/entree/wenrteksten/wor.html
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/amendment-of-the-dutch-works-councils-act-a-few-surprises

  • NC
    12 Gruodis 2013

    Disclaimer: This information is made available as a service to the public but has not been edited by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The content is the responsibility of the authors.

  • Article
    12 Gruodis 2013

    A new paper, The impact of the recession on the structure and labour market
    success of NEET youth in Ireland [1], examines labour market outcomes for
    young people not in employment, education or training (NEET) in Ireland
    during the recession using data from the national labour force survey, the
    Quarterly National Household Survey [2] (QNHS). Researchers examined data
    from Q2 2006 to Q2 2011.

    [1] http://intereconomics.eu/archive/year/2013/4/865/#res4
    [2] http://www.cso.ie/en/qnhs/

  • Article
    12 Gruodis 2013

    A joint study, An analysis of the working conditions of professional sports
    players (4.31MB PDF) [1], has been carried out by social partners in the
    sector, including the European Elite Athletes Association (EU Athletes [2])
    and UNI Sport PRO, the professional athletes’ branch of the Uni Europa [3]
    union. The study examines the working conditions of professional players of
    basketball, hockey, handball and rugby in the Member States of Belgium,
    Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Poland, Romania,
    Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

    [1] http://www.euathletes.org/uploads/media/FINAL_Syndex_Sports_Report.pdf
    [2] http://www.euathletes.org
    [3] http://www.uniglobalunion.org/contact/uni-europa

  • CAR
    11 Gruodis 2013

    This annual review describes the main developments in industrial relations
    and working conditions in 2012 in the former 27 EU Member States and in
    Croatia and Norway, at both national and EU level. The report first sketches
    the current economic situation in these 29 countries, pointing to relevant
    political and legislative developments in individual countries. It discusses
    trends in industrial relations, including changes in the role and
    organisation of the social partners and the impact of government measures and
    legislation. The report highlights policies and initiatives, legislative
    developments and collective bargaining landmarks in five areas – employment
    conditions, wages, health and safety, skills and competencies, and working
    time – from the dual perspective of working conditions and industrial
    relations developments.

  • Work programme
    11 Gruodis 2013

    The focus of Eurofound’s 2014 work programme will be on providing knowledge that will help to address Europe’s employment and social crisis. In relation to employment, the Agency will continue to provide information on ongoing changes in the employment structure. To support policies aimed at combating unemployment, the focus will be on job creation in SMEs and on initiatives for young people. For those in employment, sustainable working conditions throughout working life, as well as company practices that improve both working conditions and company performance, will be central research interests. The social crisis experienced in many Member States is closely related to the tightening of public budgets. Public services will receive special attention, with research examining how access, quality and effectiveness are impacted by the crisis and aiming to identify where and how they have successfully adapted to the dual challenge of increased demand for services and declining resources. These questions will guide research on a number of specific services and on social benefits.

Series

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications