Triangular love–hate: management and control in creative crowdworking

This article analyses the ways in which creative crowdwork is managed and controlled within social and economic power relations. It presents findings from a research project on creative crowdworkers focussing on aspects of management and control. The research shows that the design of the platforms and the strategies of their operating companies clearly structure the triangular relationship between platform, clients and workers. In addition to bureaucratic rules and surveillance exercised by the platform, rating opportunities and other control features utilised by clients strongly impact on crowdworkers’ time use, income and creativity and thus on their working and living conditions.

Schörpf, P., Flecker, J., Schönauer, A., Eichmann, H. (2017) ‘Triangular love-hate: management and control in creative crowdworking’, New Technology, Work and Employment, 32(1), pp. 43–58.


  • Research publication, Case study-worker
  • Austria, Romania
  • Yes
  • professional services
  • Online contestant specialist work, Online client-determined specialist work
  • Freelancer, Upwork, 99Designs
  • work organisation, income, worker demographics, work intensity, working time quality, work-life balance, rating, autonomy and control
  • English
  • New Technology, Work and Employment (Publisher)
  • Qualitative research
  • 2017
  • Subscription
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