Publications

Search results: 858 items found
  • Article
    23 Decembris 2003

    In November 2003, a working group set up on the initiative of the Federation
    of Norwegian Construction Industries (Byggenæringens Landsforening, BNL) in
    cooperation with, among others, the Norwegian United Federation of Trade
    Unions (Fellesforbundet), published its first report. The working group has
    representation from all the relevant actors in the industry as well as public
    regulatory bodies and the police. The report outlines possible measures to
    combat substandard practices and illegal activities in the building sector.
    Preliminary findings from a project commissioned by Fellesforbundet confirm
    the general impression that illegitimate employment and tax practices are a
    serious problem in this part of the Norwegian economy.

  • Article
    23 Decembris 2003

    The large number of collective redundancies announced during 2003 (FI0311203T
    [1]) have raised worries and anger among Finnish employees. The reasons
    behind the job losses vary. During the past few years of slow economic
    growth, firms avoided workforce reductions and some 'labour hoarding' took
    place while firms were waiting for the economic recovery. However, as
    economic growth has remained slower than expected, it has finally led to
    redundancies and lay-offs. Economic globalisation and the so-called 'China
    phenomenon' have also led to reductions of production and staff in Finland,
    with firms moving production abroad to countries where costs are lower
    (FI0311202F [2]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/thematic-feature-redundancies-and-redundancy-costs-4
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/finnish-firms-foreign-investment-and-employment-abroad-examined

  • Article
    23 Decembris 2003

    Since the 1990s, the German system of sector-level collective bargaining has
    seen a continuous process of transformation towards more company-level
    bargaining. This transformation has taken various forms:

  • Article
    23 Decembris 2003

    A national 'conference for employment' convened by Belgian government in
    September 2003 brought together representatives of the various levels of
    government and of the social partners, with the aim of developing a series of
    structural measures to boost employment. The conference resulted in agreement
    on a number of initiatives which, it is hoped, will create 60,000 jobs. The
    reactions of the various participants were mixed.

  • Article
    22 Decembris 2003

    The Danish Work Environment Cohort Study from the National Institute of
    Occupational Health (NIOH) shows that the work environment and working
    conditions have generally improved from 1990-2000. However, these
    developments are largely explained by a changing labour force rather than by
    interventions in the work environment and in the occupational health
    system.The results of the study reveal that working conditions vary
    significantly across sectors and in relation to different job categories. For
    instance, the majority of jobs with a high degree of exposure to various work
    environment risks are found among unskilled workers in crafts and
    manufacturing.

  • Article
    22 Decembris 2003

    A recently published essay ‘Ungdomars inträde i arbetslivet - följder
    för individen och arbetsmarknaden’ (‘Young peoples’ entry into the
    labour market - effects on the individual and the labour market’) in Work
    life in transition 2003:8 [1] /(in Swedish; pdf file)/ discusses the
    participation of young people in the labour market. Temporary and part-time
    employment have become more prevalent, and they experience relatively high
    levels of unemployment. An increasing number are neither working nor looking
    for a job.

    [1] http://ebib.arbetslivsinstitutet.se/aio/2003/aio2003_08.pdf

  • Article
    18 Decembris 2003

    In 2003, for the third consecutive year, the Dutch economy continues to lag
    behind the EU as a whole. Attention is increasingly turning to improved
    labour productivity as a solution, especially as continuing wage moderation
    does not seem to be having the desired effect. A wave of relocations of
    high-quality production and research and development from the Netherlands to
    other countries has fuelled the debate, which has been prominent during 2003.
    The social partners and government alike see improving the Dutch 'climate of
    innovation' as one of the most important factors in the drive to raise
    productivity. However, policy on innovation has yet to crystallise.

  • Article
    18 Decembris 2003

    A report by Spain's Economic and Social Council, published in October 2003,
    finds that provisions on equality between men and women are beginning to gain
    ground in collective agreements at sector and company level. In the opinion
    of the CES, the situation is 'modest but hopeful'.

  • Article
    18 Decembris 2003

    Gender equality in its contemporary, internationally recognised meaning is a
    relatively new concept for Estonia. While issues related to gender equality
    were addressed to a wider audience at a'conference of Estonian women' as
    early as 1989, they have not become a clearly developed field in Estonia. The
    relevant legislation is widely regarded as insufficient at present, and there
    is a lack of institutions with concrete and specific functions in this area,
    while experts and relevant knowledge are largely lacking. However, over time,
    it appears that the public has become more willing to discuss the respective
    rights and responsibilities of men and women.

  • Article
    18 Decembris 2003

    The Spanish Parliament approved the reform of the legal framework on the
    prevention of risks in the workplace [1] /(pdf file)/ (Reforma del marco
    normativo de la prevención de riesgos laborales) on 27 November 2003. The
    reform aims to reduce the rates of work-related accidents across all
    industrial sectors. Changes have also been approved to the law on infractions
    and sanctions in the social order [2] (Ley de infracciones y sanciones en el
    orden social, 2000), relating to industrial relations infringements.

    [1] http://www.congreso.es/public_oficiales/L7/CONG/BOCG/A/A_167-07.PDF
    [2] http://www.igsap.map.es/cia/dispo/19157.htm