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  • Article
    29 Jūlijs 2003

    The unemployment rate in Poland rose to 18.1% in 2002, with over 3.2 million
    people registered as jobless and long-term unemployment rising rapidly.
    Unemployment is becoming a major and widespread problem, no longer confined
    to specific industries or regions (though significant geographical
    differences persist). This article examines the situation in 2002 in detail,
    and looks at the measures being used in the fight against unemployment.

  • Report
    29 Jūlijs 2003

    Changes to traditional gender roles and the labour market are forcing a rethink of conventional work-life patterns. Individuals are calling for a better quality of life, while employers require greater flexibility in the workplace. The idea of reorganising time over the whole course of working is one possible response. This report offers a conceptual framework to consider time arrangements and working life, linking this to measures to improve quality of life.

  • Report
    29 Jūlijs 2003
    What are the working-time preferences of the workforce in Europe? Which schedules are the most compatible with family and other commitments? These questions are relevant to European employment policy and for the working-time policy negotiations of the social partners and are examined in this article.
  • Article
    28 Jūlijs 2003

    In March 2003, a government-appointed commissioner presented a report on
    'Artists and the social security systems' (Konstnärerna och
    trygghetssystemen [1], SOU 2003: 21). According to his remit
    (Kommittédirektiv 2001:90), the commissioner was charged with investigating
    whether professional artists meet with particular problems in the social
    security system and, if so, identifying the causes of these problems. In
    presenting his findings, commissioner Anders Forsman concluded that artists
    are 'atypical' in relation to the system and do indeed encounter many
    problems. According to the report, most of the problems follow from the
    application of various laws and regulations and not from the legal framework
    itself. A considerable number of cases are taken to court, which is costly
    both for the individual and for society. No common view of how to deal with
    artists' problems exists among the various systems, and there is no
    coordination among them. Until such a coordinated view is established, there
    will never be any increased knowledge and the problems of application will
    never be overcome, the commissioner concludes.

    [1] http://kultur.regeringen.se/propositionermm/sou/pdf/sou2003_21.pdf

  • Article
    28 Jūlijs 2003

    In December 2002, Lena Nekby, a researcher at the Trade Union Institute for
    Economic Research (Fackföreningsrörelsens Institut för Ekonomisk
    Forskning, FIEF), published a report on how long it takes various immigrant
    groups to integrate on the Swedish labour market (How long does it take to
    integrate? Employment convergence of immigrants and natives in Sweden [1],
    FIEF Working Paper Series, No. 185, 2002). The report uses longitudinal data
    covering the period 1990–2000, with information on over 200,000
    individuals, of whom more than 19,000 were born abroad.

    [1] http://swopec.hhs.se/fiefwp/abs/fiefwp0185.htm

  • Article
    28 Jūlijs 2003

    In February 2003, the Minister of Labour proposed a draft 'pact for labour
    and development' to trade unions and employers' organisations represented on
    Poland's Tripartite Commission for Social and Economic Affairs, with the aim
    of coming up with a comprehensive solution to address many of the problems
    currently facing the country. Opposition to the idea of such a pact from the
    NSZZ Solidarność trade union initially prevented progress on the proposal
    but - following agreement to drop the term 'pact'- negotiations began in May
    on the issues raised in the draft.

  • Article
    28 Jūlijs 2003

    In 2001, new legislation in Poland established regional social dialogue
    commissions, involving representatives of regional trade union and employers'
    organisations, regional government and the national government. The role of
    the 16 commissions is formally a consultative one, but participation in their
    work is, on the whole, highly regarded by the social partners and by the
    authorities. This article examines the development of the regional
    commissions, which were subject to important legislative changes in 2002, and
    their current position in 2003, drawing on recent research into their impact.

  • Article
    28 Jūlijs 2003

    At the end of 2002, three-quarters of Dutch employees were covered by
    collective agreements containing childcare arrangements. However, in 2003, in
    anticipation of new childcare provision legislation due to come into force in
    2005, employers are cutting back the proportion of childcare costs that they
    meet under such agreements. At the same time, the cost of childcare is
    increasing as market forces take hold in the childcare sector and labour
    costs rise because of the abolition of state-subsidised employment and wage
    increases for regular staff.

  • Other
    28 Jūlijs 2003

    The comparative supplement in this issue of EIRObserver examines the subject of overtime in 19 European countries: the 15 EU Member States, Hungary, Norway, Poland and Slovakia. It outlines the following aspects: the regulation of overtime through legislation and collective agreements; the level of overtime working; and the positions, strategies and debates of the industrial relations actors. Working time also features as a topic in this issue relating to cases in Spain, Finland and Italy. EIRObserver is the bi-monthly bulletin of the European Industrial Relations Observatory. It contains an edited selection of feature and news items, based on some of the reports supplied for the EIROnline database over each two-month period, in this case for May and June 2003. In addition to this, EIRO conducts comparative research on specific themes.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications