Digital labour in central and eastern Europe: evidence from the ETUI Internet and Platform Work Survey
This working paper presents the results of the ETUI Internet and Platform Work Survey conducted in Bulgaria, Hungary, Latvia, Poland and Slovakia in 2018-2019. The objective is to map the extent of digital labour in central and eastern Europe (CEE) based on the analysis of two types of online sources for generating income: internet work; and its subset, platform work. The researchers did not find evidence that internet and platform work is creating a qualitatively new labour market that encroaches on traditional age and gender segmentation. Neither is it a market of ‘student jobs’. Moreover, the labour market situation of internet and platform workers was somewhat more precarious than that for employed people generally, with a higher incidence of non-standard and fragmented employment.
- Bulgaria, Hungary, Latvia, Poland, Slovakia
- Research publication
- employment status, social protection, worker characteristics
- ETUI (European Trade Union Institute) (Research institute)
- Qualitative research, Quantitative research
- Open access